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Islam exam 3:islam and art
Terms in this set (31)
__________________ art includes any and all art produced in the Islamic empires, whether by a Muslim or not or whether or not for a religious purpose.
_________ art is only that produced by Muslims with a religious purpose or goal.
Islamic art intends to transform human consciousness to perceive...
all aspects of life as creative/artistic expression of God
- Each thing of the world is a kind of miracle that teaches a spiritual lesson or a sign about God.
- The verses of the Qur'an are also signs and miracles of God's revelation.
- The Qur'an's call to stop, consider, meditate, and reflect upon God's creation as bounties, metaphors, lessons, and parables of God-given wisdom.
As to creating and having artistic images, a pious Muslim is prohibited from...
Having ones that will be worshipped as a form of idolatry
The quasi-aniconic art that developed for mosques tended to avoid depicting...
animals and people
Vegetal designs are a reminder of what?
Paradise and the Creator of all life
Geometric star designs typically have ________ points.
5, 8, 10, 12
Muslim artists created elegant geometric patterns of great complexity on mosques to...
- avoid obviously iconic art
- demonstrate the order, intelligence, and organization that is the basis of all God's seemingly chaotic creation
- to represent unity in diversity
Seyyed Hossein Nasr argues that male and female's creative unity are represented in what in Islamic art?
geometric patterns and vegetal designs
The significance of calligraphy in Islamic societies was each EXCEPT?
It reflects the belief that God completely becomes His (chanted and) written Words just as God became incarnate in Jesus
What has been the relationship between arts and crafts in Islamic society?
-Just as there has typically been no word to distinguish the two, crafts have been often artistic and art is often utilitarian.
-Daily objects have been enhanced and artistically adorned with calligraphy (sometimes from the Qur'an), vegetal, and geometric designs.
Fill in the blank:"___________________ laid the economic foundations of medieval Islamic society."
What is pietra dura?
Multicolored inlay in such hard and rare stones as lapis, onyx, jasper, topaz, carnelian, and agate that create a jewel-like appearance
"Mosque" comes from an Arabic word that means...
Place of prostration
Because it is the negation of 'things' it points to that which is above and beyond all things—the transcendence of God.
The place in the congregational mosque, often just a raised platform but sometimes ornate steps with railing, from which the weekly sermon was given during the Friday bidding prayer.
The niche in the wall of a mosque indicating the direction of Mecca
Towers, often attached to mosques and used as the place from which the muezzin gives the call to prayer (adhan), are often considered to be hallmarks of Islamic architecture.
Sometimes likened to stalactites, this consists of tiers of niche-like elements that project out from the row below.
Dome or small dome on top of a roof or larger dome
Often hour-glass or cone shaped tops, decorative piece, or crowns that were the highest points on top of a dome or minarets.
Vaulted hall or chamber, often kind of half-dome, open on one side
One humbly acknowledges the awesome majesty of God but also gives honor to the earth created as a blessing from God from which all life on earth grows from.
Seyyed Hossein Nasr says __________________ can symbolize the single point or unity from which all multiplicity derives and to which the manifold forms eventually return.
Finial, cupola, or domes
They not only symbolize the melodic glorification of God, and being as a lamp that summons people to the brilliant light of God's guidance, but they are a kind of flag of Islam inscribed upon the geography that can be seen for many miles.
Gardens depicted or abstractly alluded to in Islamic art is most typically a reference to..
These paintings, commissioned by the daughter of Sultan Ibrahim Mirza (b. 1543-44) after his death, most basically depicts...
A courtly garden party
This interior, with marble cut and placed so that its natural grain forms symmetries, is of which mosque?
The Dome of the Rock (Jerusalem)
This lusterware dish from 9th century Samarra of the Abbasid capital, depicts what?
A plant, A bird and Abstract art in willful ambiguity
his bucket from Uzbekistan and probably before then made in Afghanistan, depicts ...
- Horsemen hunting and fighting
- People entertaining themselves with drinking, music, or games
- Arabic letters flowing into or out of people or animals
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