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Health and Society Exam 3

Terms in this set (71)

Health Policy RecommendationsThe CDC recommends at least 10 hours of sleep per night for school-age children and 7-8 hours per night for adultsReports show that only 31% of high school students report at least 8 hours of sleep and nearly 30% of adults report an average of 6 hours of sleep or less per nightThe lack of sleep has implications for physical health, mental health, cognitive outcomes, work performance, and sleep safety
School schedules are not consistent with healthy sleep patterns◦School start times are set in ways that conflict with circadian rhythms◦Late adolescence is characterized by a shift in the circadian rhythm toward being a "night owl"◦The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that middle schools and high schools start no earlier than 8:30am◦Only 17.7% of public middle and high schools do so
Many work schedules are not consistent with healthy sleep patterns◦Shift work means some employees are working the night shift, in direct opposition to their circadian rhythms◦This makes it difficult to get sufficient sleep outside of work◦Night shift work increases the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and motor vehicle accidents
Even small and infrequent changes can produce harmful effects, such as the spring and fall time changes to transition into and out of daylight saving timeDaylight saving time has been associated with a host of negative outcomes◦Increased heart attacks◦Increased workplace injuries◦A spike in workplace injuries◦Increased "cyberloafing"◦Hindered moral decision makingSleep habits are also suffering due to the increasing popularity of digital devices emitting blue light, which can inhibit melatonin production when used before sleep