Africa: Independence and Apartheid
Terms in this set (12)
When did most African countries gain their independence?
Most of the African countries became independent in the 1960's.
Why did most African countries gain their independence?
1. After WW II European countries were not as willing to expend the resources (political and military) to keep their colonies.
2. The US did not have colonies and, as a world power, pressured Europe to let them go.
3. With the advent of the Cold War, the Soviet Union was encouraging revolution in Africa.
What was the motto of Paul Krueger?
Paul Krueger (left), whose famous quote was
"Africa for the Afrikaners"
wanted Boer domination.
South Africa gained its independence in 1948.
-The Afrikaner party, the nationalists, defeated the British and formed their government.
What is Apartheid?
It was a form of government in which the white minority controlled the black majority.
Apartheid is Afrikaner for "apartness."
It legalized racism in Africa.
What country practiced Apartheid?
What were the black homelands called?
Blacks were forced to live in segregated areas called Bantustans.
If a black lived or worked outside of a Bantustan they had to have a passbook.
had where they were going, tax payments and criminal convictions on it.
List some examples of their harsh laws.
All political rights, including voting, were restricted to the designated homeland.
Prohibition of marriage between non-whites and whites
Sanctioning of "white-only'' jobs.
They were forbidden to ride on white busses or swim on black beaches.
There were segregated schools in which the black schools received much less funding from the government.
What group was formed to protest Apartheid?
The African National Congress
was a black led movement to fight for human rights for blacks in South Africa.
What happened at Sharpeville?
In 1960, a large group of blacks in Sharpeville refused to carry their passes; the government declared a state of emergency.
Who were the three major opponents of Apartheid?
Nelson Mandela: He was the leader of the ANC and a major opponent of apartheid.
Desmond Tutu: The first black South African Anglican Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa.
Albert Luthuli: He believed in non-violent protests against the apartheid government.
When did the Apartheid end?
referendum was passed by a majority of white voters to make reforms giving blacks equal status.
Who was the first leader of post-apartheid South Africa?
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