Bristow History Final ID Questions
Terms in this set (34)
- Head German General during WWI
- Assisted Hindenburg
- Victor of the Battle of Liège and the Battle of Tannenberg
- President of Germany who died and was replaced by Hitler
- He did not want Hitler to replace him
- His death allowed Hitler to combine the powers of President and Chancellor to proclaim himself the Supreme head of State and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces
William Jennings Bryan
- served as Wilson's secretary of state
- adopted and held policy of US neutrality during WWI, which Wilson supported
- resigned after Wilson's handling of Lusitania crisis bc he thought it was a precursor to the declaration of war
- An english poet and soldier
- spoke of the horror from the battle front and his discontent with the war
- famous for Dulce et Decorum est, which translates to "Anthem for Doomed Youth"
- was an English soldier
- known for being one of the leading poets of WWI
- one of his most famous poems is called "The Poet as Hero"
- WWI French General
- earned acclaim for stopping the Germans in the Battle of Verdun
- during WW2 he collaborated with the Nazi regime and adopted repressive measures against Jews
David Lloyd George
- Britain's prime minister at the end of WWI
- Goal was to make the Germans pay for the other countries' war losses
- helped negotiate the Treaty of Versailles with Germany
-Supreme Commander of Allied Forces
- Foch stopped the advance of the German forces during the great push of Spring 1918
- Prime Minister of France during WWI
- played a key role of negotiating the Treaty of Versailles
- wanted to regain Alsace-Lorraine to weaken German army
-president of American during WWI
-originally wanted to have America remain neutral
- had America enter WWI and declare war on Germany after they launched unrestricted submarine warfare
- Advisor to Czar Nicolas II
- Self-proclaimed holy man who claimed to heal the sick
- Said he could cure the prince's hemophilia
- Lenin's adviser until Lenin's death
- He was very persuasive and had charisma; he was very good at propaganda.
- Fought Stalin in replacing Lenin after his death, but lost
- Stalin's first 'right hand man'
- Stalin eventually has him killed for being a 'secret counter-revolutionary'
- French existentialist writer
- Wrote-anti communist pieces
- One of his famous anti-communist works was titled The Rebel where he criticized politics aimed at a Utopian future
- Leading communist
- Friend of Stalin
- Stalin's opponents wanted him to overtake him
- one of Hitler's closest associates
- Hitler's propaganda minister
- supported films like Triumph of the Will
- leading member of Nazi party
- main architect of Holocaust/most responsible for it
- Hitler's right hand man and was mastermind of great evil
- Mayor of Vienna
- preached anti-antisemitism
- his ideas were a model for Hitler's Nazism
- was the British prime minister as Great Britain entered World War II.
- He is known for his policy of "appeasement" toward Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany.
- was later replaced by Winston Churchill
- prominent Nazi commander during WW2
- was tried for war crimes
- his trial created the belief that members of the German armed forces acted in isolation, and were not involved or culpable for the events of the Holocaust
- commander in chief of the French forces in May 1940
- He did not order an advance while the Germans were engaged in Poland and he ignored reports that the Germans were coming through the Ardennes forest.
- Under his leadership, the British and French response to the German invasion of France was completely inadequate.
- Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
- rallied the British people to persevere when they were at the brink of defeat
- led Britain through the Battle of Britain, where they completed one of the first major defeats of Nazi Germany in WW2
- English historian
- one of the world's leading experts on Hitler and Nazi Germany
- known for his biographies on Hitler
- one of the most celebrated Nazi commanders of WW2
- led the Germans at D-Day
- committed suicide after being implicated of in a plot to assassinate Hitler
- Soviet General who led the counter attack on the German advance on Moscow
- planned and executed the Russian victory at Stalingrad
- became Stalin's right-hand man
- Russian spy
- knew the Japanese were not going to help Germany fight the Soviets
- knew the Japanese planned to attack the United States
- Nazi who was one of the masterminds of the Holocaust
- formed death squads to kill Jews by mass murder
- leader of the SS Security Service.
-former Nazi Leader
-considered as one of the "architects of the Holocaust"
-following the war, he was captured and put on trial
- had a very controversial trial where he excused his horrid actions as though he was simply just following orders
- was executed after his trial
- Architect of Italian unification
- Formed an alliance with France to attack Austrian control of northern Italy
- Prime Minister of Sardinia
- leader of Red Shirts during Italian unification
- Italian general and nationalist
- Contributed to the unification of Italy
- Led the unification of Germany.
- Prime minister of Prussia.
- Known as "blood and iron"
Tsar Alexander II
- He was a Russian Tsar
- attempted many reforms such as emancipating the serfs
- his reforms raised expectations and in turn caused the emergence of radical political movements
- Germany's Foreign Secretary
- Sent Zimmerman Telegram to Mexico
- proposed an alliance with Mexico against the United States
- Brits intercepted telegram and warned the US, causing them to enter the war
Alfred von Schlieffen
- German general
- created Schlieffen plan
- plan was to attack Paris from east and west with 2 armies
- plan failed