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Final Study Set
Terms in this set (37)
Smell Cranial nerve 1
Vision cranial nerve 2
Eye movement Cranial nerve 3
Eye muscle control cranial nerve 4
Sensory perception of the face cranial nerve 5 (trigeminal neuralgia)
Eye Movement cranial nerve 6
Deep sensations in the face and 2/3 tongue cranial nerve 7 (bells palsy)
Hearing and balance (Romberg's test) Cranial nerve 8
Posterior 1/3 of tongue and throat, cranial nerve 9
Everything below the neck, cranial nerve 10
sternocleidomastoid and trapezius, cranial nerve 11
Muscle of the tongue, cranial nerve 12
Coordinates muscle movements and balance
Governs the sensory and motor activity of thoughts and learning.
is responsible for conscious activities of the cerebrum
thinking, memory and behavior,
for the production of speech. You can think of the words you are trying to say but they will not come out.
Language and touch, spatial perception, temperature
Hearing, learning and feelings
For the comprehension of speech, the person says a sentence and in their head it sounds okay but to everyone else it is jumbled.
Sight (visual center)
Ask the patient to stand with their arms at their sides and see if they sway. Test for the cerebellar
Involuntary twitches that are consistent
Piano fingers side to side moving of the fingers while at rest.
Flexion of the arms on the chest (indicates a nonfunctioning cortex)
Extension of the arms at their sides (indicates brain stem injury) the worst outcome
Involuntary flexion of the hip and knees when the neck is passively flexed. (fetal position) Sign of meningitis
Loss of the ability of the supine patient to straighten the leg completely when it is fully flexed at the knee and hip. ( sign of meningitis)
A sensory disorder of the 5th cranial nerve, Very painful sharp facial pain in lips, gums, nose and cheeks.
Situations that stimulate symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia
Cold temps (including hot or cold foods)
Washing the face and brushing teeth
Nursing interventions for Trigeminal Neuralgia
Instruct the patient to avoid foods that are too hot or cold
Provide small feedings with liquid or soft foods
Instruct them to chew on the unaffected side
Administer pain medications as prescribed.
Paralysis of one side of the face. Recovery usually occurs in a few weeks without residual effects (cranial nerve 7)
Causes of bell's palsy
Caused by a neuron lesion of the cranial nerve 7 that results from an infection, trauma, hemorrhage, meningitis, or tumor. Can also be caused by herpes.
Signs of Bells palsy
Flaccid facial muscles
inability to raise eyebrow
upward movement of the eye when trying to shut it
Loss of taste
Peak at 48 hours
Interventions for Bells Palsy
Encourage facial exercise to prevent loss of muscle tone
Protect the eye from dryness
Promote oral care
Instruct the patient to chew on the unaffected side.
Results from a penetrating injury that causes loss of motor on the same side of the injury and loss of sensation on the opposite side of the injury.
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