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introductory to drama unit
Terms in this set (88)
a joke that comes from a play on words. they can make use of a word's multiple meanings or a word's rhyme
have a rice day
a speech in which a character speaks thoughts aloud
at the beginning of Act II, Scene 3, of Romeo and Juliet, Friar Lawrence has a long example
THE OPPOSITE OF POETRY; language arranged in sentences and paragraphs
a type of literature in which words are chosen and arranged to create a certain effect; THE OPPOSITE OF PROSE; language arranged in lines and stanzas
a writer's use of hints or clues to indicate events and situations that will occur later in a plot
the purpose of ______________ is to generate interest in the reader
a humorous scene, incident, or speech that is included in a serious drama to provide a change from emotional intensity
an indirect reference to another literary work or to a famous person, place, or event
"She'll not be hit by Cupid's arrow."
a short poem in which a singe speaker expresses personal THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS
poetry that tells a story; THE OPPOSITE OF LYRIC POETRY
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things using the word like or as
"she is as light as a feather"
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically unlike but have something in common, without using the words like or as
"she is a feather."
the sequence or pattern of events in a story
the time and place of action of a story; WHEN AND WHERE A STORY TAKES PLACE
literature in play form; plays
a play that presents the down fall or a dignified character or characters; a dramatic work with a sad ending
Romeo and Juliet
a play with a humorous or happy ending; THE OPPOSITE OF TRAGEDY
struggle between opposing forces
there are ___ types of conflict
man vs man
man vs himself
man vs nature
street fight in Romeo and Juliet and conflict between 2 families
man vs man conflict example
Romeo and Juliet's inner struggle with their emotions
man vs himself conflict example
the turning point in a story, usually at the end of a story
the contrast between appearance and reality
The type of irony in which the reader knows something that a character does not know
when the audience knows Juliet is not really dead, but Romeo thinks she is.
dramatic irony example
the contrast between what a reader or character expects and what actually exists or happens
Juliet tells her mother that she cannot fall in love at first sight with Paris, the nobleman who wants to marry her, but she falls in love with Romeo at first sight.
situational irony example
occurs when someone knowingly exaggerates or says one thing and means another
I love falling down the stairs and breaking my leg in three places!
verbal irony example
the main character
Romeo or Juliet
the character who opposes the main character
a character who provides a striking contrast to another character, thereby calling attention to certain traits of the main character
Mercutio as a foil to _____________ and the nurse as a foil to ______________.
combining opposite words
cold fire, sick health
two large divisions of literature
prose and poetry
two large divisions of prose
fiction and non-fiction
two large divisions of poetry
lyric poetry and narrative poetry
a ____________ is a style of literature
Drama can be traced to _________________ in the _____________.
Greece; 600s BC
drama is a unique ___________ because plays are not meant to be _________ but ____________________.
genre; read; acted out
The drama experience involves the interaction of _____________ and _________________, and it is not complete without the interpretive skills of ______________, ______________, and designers of scenery, costumes, and lighting.
author; audience; directors; actors
the key word in drama is _____________.
unlike movies, plays are performed in a very ___________ place with limited _______________. In plays, it is the ______________________ of the playwright, the performers, and the audience that magically makes the play real.
small; resources; imagination
plays differ from other literary genres because they contain no _____________________ to describe characters. In plays, we learn about characters as we do about people in real life - through their _____________________, what they _______ and _____ and from what others say about them.
narrative voice; appearance; say; do
William Shakespeare wrote his plays in _____________ form, not ______________. (only the servants speak ______________.)
poetry; prose; prose
William Shakespeare's poetry form is called _________________. (unrhymed ____________________ lines.)
blank verse; iambic pentameter
lines with no rhyme scheme
a poetic foot composed of one unaccented syllable followed by one accented syllable is used
iambic ( al (short) low (long) )
there are five iambic feet in each line. a line would sound like saying the word above five times
pentameter ( short, long | short, long | short, long | short, long | short, long )
William Shakespeare lived in ________________ over _________ years ago
William Shakespeare was born in ____________________, a market town about 90 miles NW of ________________
Stratford- on- Avon; London
Church records shows William's date of christening as ______________________.
**William's birth is celebrated on __________ because baptisms were usually performed three days after birth.
in 1582- Shakespeare married ______________. He was ___, and she was _____.
Anne Hathaway; 18; 26
Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway had _____ surviving children:
Judith, Susanna, and Hamnet
in 1592, Shakespeare established as a London __________________ and _______________.
in 1594, Shakespeare joined the _______________________________. After _____________ became king in 1603, the group became known as the ___________________. the acting group owned many theaters, but most famous was the _________________________.
Lord Chamberlain's Men; James I; King's Men; Globe Theater
Shakespeare wrote ____ plays. They all belong to one of 3 categories: the _______________, the __________________, and the _______________. Most were performed by his theater company, and he ______________ in several of them. He is also famous for writing _______________ ( 14 line love poems).
37; histories; comedies; tragedies; acted; sonnets
in 1610, Shakespeare retired to ______________. **He died on ______________________ at the age of _______ and was buried inside the parish church. On his tombstone is a verse he wrote. It puts a curse on anyone who _________________________. The ruler during most of his life was __________________________, so he is said to have lived in the _____________________________ Period of English History.
Stratford; 4-23- 1616; 52; disturbs his grave; Queen Elizabeth I, Elizabethan
Shakespeare is studied because he was the first person at that time who mastered the ___________________ of the English language that we use today. He is noted for his ____________________, skillfully constructed ________________, vivid _____________________, exciting _________________, and strong _______________. Known today as the world's greatest ____________________.
vocabulary; rich language; verse; characters; plots; messages; playwright
Shakespeare's nickname today is the ______________ ( _________ - is a poet)
During the Elizabethan period, plays were watched in the blaze of an ______________________ or at worst in the gray light of a ___________________.
afternoon sun; rainy day
there were ___ performing areas of the Globe Theater
3 leveled Tiring House
The Platform Stage
The 3 leveled Tiring House of the Globe Theater: curtained _______________ used for scenes in small, dark ares like a tomb or a private chamber, a ______________ to be used as a watchtower for soldiers or a balcony for lovers, and a _________________.
inner-stage; balcony; music gallery
The Platform Stage of the Globe Theater: open to the ______
The Globe, in structure, was __________ (____ sided or _____________ in shape) with an open-air ___________________ in the middle. The Globe was _______ feet high and about ____ feet across. The stage, however, was about ______ feet wide and about ____ feet deep. It extended to the middle of the __________________. Two pillars supported a _____________ containing machinery that could, on occasion, raise and lower _________. There was a __________________ in the stage which served as ________________________ entrances and exits. This trap-door could also serve as a _____________. At the back of the stage were two large ____________, one on either side. Characters from one scene could ________ while characters from the next scene could ____________ and begin the next scene.
circular; 8; octagonal;courtyard; 32; 100; 50; 25; courtyard; roof area; actors; trapped door; supernatural; grave; doors; exit; enter
The audience surrounded the actors on ___ sides. Most of the audience paid a __________ and stood on ______________ surrounding the stage. These ___________________ or ________________ as they were called, were a noisy and demanding audience. Wealthier people paid a ____________ extra to sit in the covered ______________________ that surrounded the courtyard, The Globe could hold about ________________ people.
3; penny; the ground; groundlings; "penny stinkers", penny; 3-terred gallery; 2,000
In the Globe, the ______________ consisted of the canopy, the huts, and the turrets.
In the Globe, _______________ was non-existent, so action moved forward at great speed. Actors had to describe the setting in their _____________. _________________ was from nature - the afternoon sun.
scenery; speeches; lighting
In the Globe, no ____________ were allowed to act; all parts were played by ___________. The girls parts were played by ________________. This served as their training period. No, ___________ did not kiss a boy! All _______________ on the stage was faked, just as it is done today.
women; men; young boys; Romeo; kissing
in the Globe, the audience was mostly _________. Therefore _________________ were used to get the attention of the audience. Attending plays was considered ____________ and _____________________ by many people in those days.
men; vulgar jokes; sinful; unladylike
in the Globe, __________________, like bugles and cannon shots were used
in the Globe, ______________________ was used for human blood.
In the Globe, actors had to be able to ______________, _______, and fight with ______________. Real _____________ were used. Actors wore _______________ clothes, but no attempt was made to match the clothing to the _________. (Today's audiences are too educated to be fooled.)
dance; sing; swords; swords; fancy; play
Tragedy written by Shakespeare:
_____________ is asked by his father's ghost to get revenge for his murder.
Famous quote: "To be or not to be: that is the question."
Tragedy written by Shakespeare:
________________ and Lady _______________ kill the king so that ________________ can become King.
Quote: "Double, double, toil and trouble
Fire burn and cauldron bubble" (Witches were stirring up a brew to cause trouble.)
Tragedy written by Shakespeare:
________________, thinking that his youngest daughter doesn't love him, kicks her out and divided the kingdom between his two oldest daughters. They then treat him badly and he realizes his mistake.
Quote: "How sharper than a serpent's tooth is it to have a thankless child." (An ungrateful child hurts more than a snake's bite.)
Tragedy written by Shakespeare:
_______________, a Moor (half-black, half-Spanish), is found by an evil subordinate into believing that his white wife has been unfaithful to him. ___________ kills his wife, and later he finds out the truth and kills himself. As he is dying he describes himself as "one that loved not wisely, but too well."
__________________ Language: Language changes constantly, and the ________ years since Shakespeare's time have made English a different language in many ways. Occasionally, Shakespeare needed to ________ a word in order for it to fit into the rhythm of a line of verse
Elizabethan; 400; alter
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