27 terms

*ART Line & Color

Hue, value, and intensity all describe this element of art; artists may use local, optical, or arbitrary variations of this element of art
Elements of art
The rudimentary aspects of an artwork, including line, shape, form, space, color, and texture
Three-dimensional geometric or organic volume
Fundamental element of art; refers to a point's path through space
The impression of depth as achieved through various techniques; Mannerist art deforms scale and this element of art
Two-dimensional geometric or organic area
The figures in an artwork form this positive area; the other areas in an
The surface feel of a real or perceived object
Adjacent color
A color next to another color on the color wheel
Arbitrary color
A color's value altered to reflect special emotions or aesthetics
Color relativity
According to this 19th-century discovery, colors next to another color change the color's intensity: similar colors decrease the color's intensity and contrasting colors increase the color's intensity
Color wheel
This 18th-century invention built on Sir Isaac Newton's discoveries in the 17th century; this diagram of the 12 hues provides a chart which predetermines the results of mixing colors
Complementary color
The hue directly across from another color on the color wheel; red versus green, for example
Cool colors
Green, blue, and violet; seem to recede away from the viewer; hearken to cool forests, mountain lakes, or snow
This type of artwork contains only black, white, or shades of gray
The name of a color; black, white, and gray do not fit in this category
Identifies a color's brightness or purity; the three primary colors - red, yellow, and blue - represent the highest points of this attribute; mixing in neutrals or complementary colors detracts from this attribute
Local color
A color's value without reflections or lighting effects
Includes black, white, and all values of gray; these colors are not hues
Optical color
A color's value with special lighting effects, such as moonlight or candlelight
Primary colors
Red, blue, and yellow; all other colors derive from mixtures of these colors
Secondary colors
Orange, green, and violet; produced through combining two primary colors (red and yellow make orange, for example)
Darker value of a color; opposite of a tint
Tertiary colors
Red-violet, red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, and blue-violet; produced through combining a primary color and a secondary color next to it on the color wheel (blue and green make blue-green, for example)
Lighter value of a color; opposite of a shade
Describes the amount of light or dark in a hue or gray
Warm colors
Red, orange, and yellow; seem to move towards the viewer; hearken to warm sunlight, fire heat, or dry summer grass