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Along with shading and perspective, a method for implying form in a two-dimensional artwork


Refers to precise, regular, and mathematically defined shapes or forms; add order or stability to an artwork; the landscape as well as architecture in Douglas's Aspects of Negro Life


Refers to natural, irregular, and freeform shapes or forms; add movement or rhythm to an artwork; and Wright's later architecture


Along with foreshortening and perspective, a method for implying form in a two-dimensional artwork


The object or the Positive space

Negative space

The areas of an artwork other than the figures, such as the background

Positive space

The figures of an artwork occupy this area; also called the figure

Actual texture

Yarn, rope, shells, and the like create this type of texture

Visual texture

The impression of texture, as seen in a painting of coarse grass

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