Soc final exam
Terms in this set (19)
the practice, desire, or acceptance of having more than one intimate relationship at a time with the knowledge and consent of everyone involved.
-approx. 500,000 in the U.S.
-known as a philosophy
multiple spouses by one man or women; rooted beliefs of free choice.
multiple romantic relationships within a group.
the dynamic of 'sister wives'
A polygamy relationship of one man married to four women who share 12 children. The family dynamic has the same outcome as a monogamy family. The house was designed for each wife to have their own space.
Positives of mandatory vaccinations
-One of the biggest breakthroughs in medical history
-Vaccines reduce diseases
-Birth defects have decreased once vaccinations have been involved
-Getting vaccinated at a young age decreases the chance of getting a deadly disease when older
-In order to eradicate a disease, you need to start having vaccinations to get rid of the disease
-Smallpox was eradicated due to vaccinations; diseases don't just go away on their own
-Since vaccines are made up of the virus, they are considered "natural"
-Measles vaccination has been working; diagnosis rates are dropping annually
Negatives of mandatory vaccinations
-Not everyone is able to get vaccinations
-Overuse of vaccines causes viruses to mutate
-People without insurance are forced to pay hundreds of dollars out of their pockets in order to get the multiple vaccinations needed
-Some people have no way of getting to the doctors
-Some people would rather put food on their table for the children instead of getting vaccinations for a disease that "does not exist"
-Children need around 50-60 vaccinations from birth to the age of 18; that's a lot of vaccines and money for people who can't afford it
-Living in a country with freedom of religion; some religions do not belief in vaccinations
-Some people do not believe in modern medicine, but in the power of prayer
-Flu shots are only about 10% effective
-Disease rates are decreasing slowly over the years; doesn't seem effective
-Traces of gelatin are found in vaccines; vegans choose not to get vaccinated as gelatin is found in animals
Positives of drug legalization
-Helps you physically and mentally
-Helps with PTSD
-American war on drugs costed 1 trillion dollars; if drugs were made legal it would be saving the government money
-Having cannabis run by the government would help make sure that use is regulated
-Doctors could monitor what you use, clean needles, etc.
-Cannabis helps with chronic pain, nausea, pains with MS, healthy alternative for those who are alcoholics or have an opioid addiction
-If legalized, there would be companies who would be bringing in the drugs instead of someone having to do it illegally themselves
-Legalizing narcotics, addiction rates will decrease
-Forbidden Fruit Theory: People sometimes choose to do drugs to impress their friends or because that's what everyone is doing. If all drugs were made legal, the need to impress friends or trying to be popular by doing drugs would come to a stop
Negatives of drug legalization
-Drug overdose exceeded 70,000 people
-Teens who started smoking marijuana have a 17% chance of being addicted psychologically
-In Colorado, 2 years after legalization, a man ate a whole edible and ended up shooting his wife
-Young children are stealing their family members legal weed and edibles and selling it illegally to other children (4th graders)
-In states where drugs are legal, police have been constantly writing tickets for people who are high in public
-School-aged children are bringing weed and edibles into the school system, so if everyone is allowed to use drugs, are children allowed as well?
Positives of legalizing sex work
-Better to have men and women in a safe place from disease and violence
-Could educate people about sex; how to prevent from STI's
-Could minimize violence in the workplace
-Sex workers is different than sex trafficking as sex working is voluntary and sex trafficking is taken against your will
-You could tax the work of sex workers as high as tobacco and weed (in states that legalized it)
-The work they have done would be taxed so if they wanted out, they would have a safety net to fall back on
-People should be free enough to make their own decisions
Negatives of legalizing sex work
-Would fail to get rid of illegal prostitution
-Clients would not be required to prove that they are free from STD's
-Could pass to the sex worker and sex worker could pass it on to other clients without even knowing
-Condom policy would be enforced but not always followed due to issues with rape and pressure
-There would always be violence if the women are scared
-In Harlem, sex workers rank higher with rates of anxiety and PTSD symptoms
-Lots of child sex workers
-Young teens who are kidnapped for sex trafficking face teen marriage, pregnancy and even diseases
-The cost of STD screenings would be more expensive
-If we want equality for all genders, sex work is not the answer. It promotes men to have sex with women
-Identity as a human being is taken away
-more than 120 million to regulate every year, estimated 1-2 million prostitutes, the costs of regulating it legally would be 700 million, outweighs it.
Aileen: Life and Death of a Serial Killer
Aileen Wuornos grew up selling her body for money at the age of 14 after the abuse and neglect she got at home. Her dad was in and out of jail and her mom abandoned her and her brother. She began living with her grandfather that abused her and decided to leave. She began living in the woods and survived off her earnings from prostitution. Between 1989 and 1990, Wuornos was accused of murdering 7 men in her sexual acts by shooting them. She claimed they attempted to rape her but was proven guilty and given the death penalty.
Rational Choice Theory on Aileen Wuornos
3 things to occur:
-Motivated Offender with criminal intentions and the ability to act on these inclinations
-A suitable victim or target
-The absence of a capable guardian who can prevent the crime from happening
(All 3 must occur for crime to occur)
-Motivated Offender: Sexually abused as a child, worked as a prostitute from a young age could have contempt for clients
-Victim: Her clients
-Absence of guardians: Clients would take her to locations with no one around for privacy; she never had suitable guardians growing up to teach her right from wrong.
Hirschi and Gottfredson's Self-Control Theory on Aileen Wuornos
-Individuals with low self-control are impulsive, reckless, and insensitive.
-Self control is developed in childhood
-Caregiving is the make or break of self-control
-She was impulsive/reckless with killing
-Bad childhood, had no real caretaker
Agnew's General Strain Theory on Aileen Wuornos
-Strain theory is a result of failure to succeed at the goals set by society
-Strain motivates delinquency
-Strain as the removal of positively valued stimuli from the individual - caused when a positively valued stimulus is removed and the result is delinquency
-Aileen was a failure in the eyes of society since she was a child, She had few friends, dropped out of school, was homeless and a prostitute
-Strain led to prostitution and desire to lash out against her clients
-She didn't have parents, home or positive friends resulting in delinquency and murder
Cullen Social Support Theory on Aileen Wuornos
Aileen grew up with no form of social support being on her own so it made it more likely to commit crimes.
-Punishments, ex) not prescribed to you, illegal over the counter
-Tolerance and correlation between how easily addictive it can be
Howard Becker: Becoming a Marijuana User
1. Learn to smoke the drug in a way in a way that produces an effect
2. Learn to connect the effects of using and drug use
3. Learn to enjoy the sensation.
Positives of Body Cams
provides more evidence, its less time consuming for officers facing investigation, it helps track officers behavior patterns, the cameras are small and won't get in the way, and there is a 93% reduction of complaints filed against officers.
Negatives of Body Cams
The expensive cost, the amount of storage it occupies, the worry of officers not turning on their cameras, and the risk of privacy concern.
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