Chapter 10 Reading Comm 225
Terms in this set (53)
Brenda Village describes her success in what sport due to who's support
water polo & her families support
1970-2010 houses with married couples with biological children went from ___ to __ in the u.s. and __ to __ in canada
40% to 20 % in U.S.
55% to 34.6% in Canada
Definition of Family
is a network of people who share their lives over long periods of time and are bound by marriage, blood, or commitment; who consider themselves as family; and who share significant history and anticipated future of functioning in a family realtionship
What do families possess and how is is formed
They possess a strong sense of family identity and it is formed by how they communicate
What do families use communication for?
the use it to define boundaries both inside the family and to distinguish family members from outsiders
Emotional bonds underlying family relationships are...
intense and complex.. They hold warm and antagonistic feelings to eachother
Families share history, this allows them to know....
how to behave
Nuclear families consist of
a wife, husband, and their biological/ adopted children
at least one of the adults has a child or children from a previous relationship
2 unmarried, romantically involved adults living in a household, with or without kids
Single- parent families
one adult resides in the household, possessing sole responsibility as caregiver for the children
How many children in the U.S. experience single- parent families.
How do we define out collective family identity?
by sharing stories
What are family stories
They are narrative accounts shared repeatedly within a family that retell historical events and are meant to bond the family together
Family stories can teach individuals their
role in the family and family values, norms, and goals
courtship stories, birth stories, survival stories
Courtship stories do what...
-emphasizes solidity of the parents relationship
-give framework for understanding romantic love
Birth Stories definition
describe latter stages of pregnancy, child birth, and early infancy as a child.
Birth stories do what...
-allow child to see where they fit in a family & what their parents want for them
Enterance stories are told to...
adopted children & are important for providing the child with a sense of personal identity and self-esteem
Survival stories do what...
give children the sense that they come from a tough, perserving family, which prepares them to face their own difficulties
Family Communications Patterns Theory
2 dimensions of communication between family members: conversation orientation & conformity orientation
degree to which family members are encouraged to participate in unrestrained interactions about a lot of topics.
degree to which families believe that communication should emphasize similarity or diversity in attitudes, beliefs, and values
If High conformity then
families use interactions to enforce uniformity of though.. Elders make decisions.. Value low on outside relationships
If Low conformity then
communicate to emphasize diversity in attitudes, beliefs, and values, and encourage uniqueness, individuality, and independence.
Koerner & Fitzpatrick said converastion & conformity dimensions give rise to four possible family communication patters....
consensual, pluralistic, protective, and laissex faire
families high in both conversation and conformity.. They openly share views and debate beliefs.. Need to share a viewpoint.. Conflict is threatening
high in convo & low in conformity. They do not control others beliefs and deal with conflict directly. High rates of conflict resolution
low on conversation and high on conformity. Comm is to maintain obedience and enforce family norms.. Avoid conflict
low in both convo and conformity.. few bonds between members
What are the three most important strategies for maintenance?
positivity, assurances, and self disclosure
invest energy into making each encounter with family members enjoyable
show how much your family means to you
sharing private thoughts and feelings with family members and allowing to do the same with you
To manage tension between autonomy and family connection use..
sharing tasks and cultivating social networks
balance your dependance on family members to help you carry out everyday chores with a reliance on yourself and people outside your family
Examine social networks by
assesing the degree to which your family members constitutes the closet people in your life
Communication Privacy Theory
individuals create info boundaries by carefully choosing the kind of private info they reveal and the people who they share it with
Family privacy rules
the conditions governing what family members can talk about, how they can discuss such topics, and who should have access to family relevant info
3 most difficult challenges to a family are
step family transition, personal favoritism, and inter-parental conflict
Children in stepfamilies have what compared to children in first-marriage families
more frequent behavioral problems, turbulent relationships, and lower self-esteem than children in first-marriage families
Step family challenges are
negotiating new family privacy rules, discrepancies in conflict management styles, and building solidarity as a family unit
More frequent challenges in step families:
loyalty conflicts that arise when a coalition is formed, uniting one family member with another against a 3rd person.
2 common forms of triangulation in step families
1. children feeling caught between the custodial and non custodial parents
2. Step-parents feeling caught between the children in the step family
5 steps to ease transition into step family
1. Go slowly but start early
2. Practice daily maintenance
3. Create New Family virtues
4. Avoid triangulating family members
5. Be Patient.. 3-5 years for step family to stabilize
where one or both parents allocate an unfair amount of valuable resources to one child over other. Can involve tangible and intangible resources.
overt, hostile interactions between parents in a household.
Inter-parental conflict is associated with what in children....
social problems, including lower levels of play with peers and lower friendship quality
Inter-parental conflict negatively impacts late teen and adult perceptions of what...
interpersonal trust, love attitudes, sexual behaviors, relationship beliefs, cohabitation, and attitudes towards marriage and divorce.
Spill Over Hypothesis
emotions, affect, and mood from the parental relationship "spill over" into the broader family, disrupting childrens sense of emotional squinty.
Family ties run so deep that we often use what as a metaphor to describe closeness in other relationships
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