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Unit 4 Slides
Terms in this set (15)
Is defined as severe injury or damage to the body caused by an accident or violence
Recovery rate is best if the patient is stabilized within the first hour after trauma.
Is a university-based center, research facility, or large medical center and has the most comprehensive emergency care available.
Is 24 hour specialized care but is not a research or university hospital. Some specialty physicians are not available 24 hours a day
Ability to resuscitate and stabilize victims for transfer to a larger facility.
Clinics or outpatient facilities that transfer patients out.
Non-penetrating trauma or blunt force by impact. (Ex: MVA, Falls, Aggravated assaults)
Closed head injuries
-Severe blow to the head causes the brain to bounce from side to side inside the skull.
-Results in injury to the opposite side of the head
-Watch for signs of neurological deficit (N/V, loss of consciousness, slurred speech, confusion, agitation, or seizures)
When an object pierces the skin and enters a tissue of the body, creating an open wound (Ex: GSW, stab wounds, impalement injuries, or foreign body ingestion)
Injury resulting from direct or indirect exposure to an explosion
(Ex: pressure shock waves, high velocity projectiles, and burns)
Burn injuries from fire, steam, hot water, chemicals, electricity, radiation, and frostbite.
1st degree burns
Superficial burns involving the epidermis only (ex: sunburn)
2nd degree burns
Extends beyond the epidermis to the dermal layer of skin (ex: characterized by raised blisters)
3rd degree burns
Damage extends through all layers of skin and may reach the muscle layer and nerve endings (ex: skin is open)
4th degree burns
burn extends into tendons and bones.
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