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full STUDY WORD LIST
Terms in this set (147)
is the repetition of initial consonant sounds.
is a direct or indirect reference to a familiar figure, place or event from history, literature, mythology or the Bible.
The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
a rhetorical device in which a phrase or word is repeatedly used, but the meaning of a word changes in each case. Othello: "put out the light [candle], then put out the light [death]..."
The opposition, by way of pointed contrast, of different words or expressions (in a parallel structure), as 'Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's.'
a figure of speech in which a person not present is addressed
is a close repetition of similar vowel sounds, usually in stressed syllables.
ATMOSPHERE / MOOD
is the prevailing feeling that is created in a story or poem.
Harsh sounds introduced for poetic effect - sometimes words that are difficult to pronounce.
the figure of speech in which two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point; that is, the clauses display inverted parallelism. "The instinct of a man is
to pursue everything that flies from him, and
to fly from all that pursues him."
an overused expression that has lost its intended force or novelty
the emotional/cultural suggestions/associations attached to words beyond their strict definitions
the close repetition of identical consonant sounds before and after different vowels
the comparison or juxtaposition of things that are different
A pause in the middle of a line of poetry
the dictionary meaning of words
the juxtaposition of harsh jarring sounds in one or more lines
When in poetry the end of the grammatical clause fails to coincide with the end of the verse or line, and runs on to the next line
agreeable sounds that are easy to articulate
an implied comparison between two things which are essentially not alike. These points of comparison are continued throughout the selection. (POETIC CONCEIT - Central metaphor/image extended through poem)
Language used in such a way as to force words out of their literal meanings by emphasizing their connotations to bring new insight and feeling to the subject.
an exaggeration in the service of truth - an overstatement.
is a term or phrase that cannot be understood by a literal translation, but refers instead to a figurative meaning that is understood through common use.
is the representation through language of sense experience. The image most often suggests a mental picture, but an image may also represent sound, smell, taste etc.
is a literary device which reveals concealed or contradictory meanings.
language peculiar to a particular trade, profession or group.
is the overlapping or mixing of opposite or different situations, characters, settings, moods, or points of view in order to clarify meaning, purpose, or character, or to heighten certain moods. also Contrast
what is said is based in reality without the comparisons used in figurative language.
a form of understatement in which something is said by denying the opposite.
a comparison between two things which are essentially dissimilar. The comparison is implied rather than directly stated.
any regular pattern of rhythm based on stressed and unstressed syllables.
use of a closely related idea for the idea itself. "White House" for government/president
DIFFERENT than tone/See atmosphere - The created emotion/feeling
the use of words which sound like what they mean.
two words placed close together which are contradictory, yet have truth in them.
a statement in which there is an apparent contradiction which is actually true.
giving human attributes to an animal, object or idea.
a stylistic device that is a repetition of the same root word, however, each time the word is repeated in a different way "To leave the figure, or disfigure it"
words that sound alike
any pattern of rhymes in poetry. Each new sound is assigned the next letter in the alphabet.
an inference that does not follow from the premises; a statement that does not follow logically from anything previously said
combination of contradictory or incongruous words/ideas
joyous exultant song of hymn of praise, tribute, thanksgiving, triumph
statement that reveals a kind of truth although it seems to be self-contradictory and untrue
the repetition of words, phrases or sentences that have the same grammatical structure
psychosis characterized by systematized delusions of persecution or grandeur
a word formed from a verb (e.g., going, gone, being, been ) and used as an adjective (e.g., working woman, burned toast ) or a noun (e.g., good breeding ). In English, participles are also used to make compound verb forms (e.g., is going, has been )
existing or occurring without being active. Usually uses to be, is, was (H was asked to leave
Dealing with rural/country life, typically drawing a contrast between the innocence and serenity of simple country life and corruption of the city/urban (Pastoral poems became popular)
strong leaning or attraction
concluding part of a composition or discourse
expressing disapproval; expressing criticism
spread or become dominant throughout
constantly shifting complex succession of things seen or imagined
relating to rogues or rascals - Story of misadventures
thought or remarks that are flat, dull, weak
repetition of conjunctions in close succession (ham and eggs and cheese)
concerned with practical rather than intellectual or artistic matters
superiority in weight or in power, importance, or strength (often used as preponderance of evidence)
something deep and meaningful
original model on which something is patterned. First one created to try out design.
seen as unsophisticated or narrow minded because they come from outside the main area of a place (from the provinces)
foolish, impractical, especially in the pursuit of ideals; marked by rash, lofty, romantic ideals or actions
state of being stubbornly disobedient or resistent
done or felt equally by both sides
withstand or recover quickly from something
reserved or reluctant
produce or be filled with deep, full sound. Evoke or suggest strong images, memories or emotions
feeling or showing deep and solemn respect
concerned with speaking or writing effectively. Expressed in terms intended to persuade or impress
kind of cutting irony; praise used tauntingly to indicate its opposite in meaning
disdainfully or skeptically humorous; mocking
comparison between two seemingly unlike things by using a connecting word such as like or as
14 line lyrics poem, usually written in iambic pentameter
a part of a thing stands for the whole ("Nice wheels" for car)
a term used for descriptions of one kind of sensation in terms of another
way in which words are put together to form phrases, clauses, sentences
existing or being everywhere at the same time
notably polite or finished in manners
differing from others of its kind or class, especially from what is considered the norm
a brief word picture
19 line poem divided into five tercets (3 line stanzas) with specific rhyme scheme aba, and a final quatrain with rhyme scheme abaa
act of avenging or exonerating
face or countenance
carelessness, often with malice
capable of being understood in two or more possible senses or ways
simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings
repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses, especially for rhetorical or poetic effect
resemblance in some particulars between things otherwise unlike; a comparison of two things
a concise, sometimes witty statement of principle, truth, or observation about life
a figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent or dead person, an abstract quality/idea, as if it were present and capable of responding
one with the bearing and viewpoint typical of ruling, privileged or superior class
make greater, more numerous, more intense
traditional folk poem to tell a narrative in rhythmic verse
inverted relationship between syntactic elements of parallel phrases (Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate.)
a local or regional dialect or expression
fanciful and elaborate figure of speech that makes a surprising connection between two seemingly dissimilar things.
two consecutive lines of poetry that form a unit
sentence that makes a statement
describe, portray or set forth with accuracy or in detail
process of dividing into two; especially two mutually exclusive groups
containing or made up of different incongruous elements, markedly distinct in quality or character
a poem in which a character addresses one or more listeners who remain silent or whose replies are not revealed
song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation
a leap of sudden passage (in punctuation ... showing a skip ahead)
action of understanding, being aware of, being sensitive to, or seemingly experiencing anothers' feelings, thoughts, emotional experiences
undecided language, with the intent to deceive
substitute an agreeable or less harsh expression for something else
first part of a plot (basic situation) which presents setting, character, conflict, context
Feminine end rhyme
end rhyme that uses two or more syllables/sounds (creature/feature, looking/cooking)
language that departs from literal meaning to make a point
use of clues to hint at events that will occur later in the plot
religious discourse delivered to a group
exaggeration to express strong emotions or create comic effect
poetry advocating free verse and expression of ideas and emotions through clear precise images
tells or requests someone to do something
extending a country's power or influence
images "imply" a comparison in arranged connection
not suitable; not what would be expected for a situation
existing in, belonging to, or determined by factors present in something from birth/creation
Inverted word order
Subject comes after the verb of the sentence. Used to give emphasis and variety to create rhymes or accomodate a meter
instance of placing two or more things side by side. Creates comparison for a purpose
understanding in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of the contrary (Not bad! To mean good)
refers to details that describe speech, dress, customs, scenery associated with a particular setting
given to excessive talking
the words of a song; melodic style
Masculine end rhyme
end rhyme that uses one vowel sound (near and clear)
figure of speech in which something closely related to a thing or suggested by it is substituted for the thing itself ("the crown" for the king, "the White House for the president's office or president)
of, relating to, or composed of rhythm
a hatred/negativity toward women
a long speech in a play or story, delivered by a single person
commonplace; ordinary; characteristic of the world
a series of stressed or accented syllables in a group of words, arranged so that the reader expects a similar series to follow.
a comparison between two things which are essentially dissimilar. The comparison is directly stated through words such as like, as, than or resembles.
the "voice" which seems to be telling the poem. Not the same as the poet; this is like a narrator.
a symbol has two levels of meaning, a literal level and a figurative level. Characters, objects, events and settings can all be symbolic in that they represent something else beyond themselves.
the use of a part for the whole idea. - "Nice wheels" for whole car.
is the central idea of the text, usually implied rather than directly stated. It is the writer's idea about life and can be implied or directly stated through the voice of the speaker. It should not be confused with moral or plot.
is the poet's attitude toward his/her subject or readers. It is similar to tone of voice but should not be confused with mood or atmosphere. An author's tone might be sarcastic, sincere, humourous . . .
a figure of speech in which a word is used outside its literal meaning. Simile and metaphor are the two most common tropes.
this is saying less than what you mean in the service of truth.
the creating and artistic intelligence that we recognize behind any speaker.
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