Civil War Battles/People
Terms in this set (32)
First shots fired by the south, how war started. Confederate capital moved to Richmond. Unites North.
railroads, factories, food, population, money, navy, and Lincoln
weak motivation, long coastline to protect, fighting far from home, EU aids south
better military, knew the land, skilled with guns and horses, motivated to save their way of life, defensive war
few factories, not enough supplies, hunger, poor transport, few railroads, inflation
1st Battle of Bull Run
McDowell's men vs. Stonewalls men, no clear winner after North retreated and South didn't pursue, "war shock", somewhat south victory
Union commander, won a major battle at Antietam but was replaced after Lincoln was unhappy with his passive strategy, fired many times
U. S. Grant
Union military leader during the Civil War; corrupt President after the war, "butcher"
Famous for his March to the Sea during the Civil War (Union), "total war" in GA and SC
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
Thomas Jackson (Stonewall)
Confederate general whose men stopped Union assault during the Battle of Bull Run, died at chancelorville
Rifle and minie ball, colt revolver, steamboats, telegraph, hot air balloons, ironclad ships
west side of civil war, mostly controlled by grant (TN, KY, MS)
Lee and McClellan, VA, PA, MD
region of US west of mississippi river
Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson
Gen. Grant captures two forts on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers. Confederates forced out of Kentucky and yield much of Tennessee
This was battle fought by Grant in an attempt to capture the railroad of the South and PGT Beauregard. Bloodiest and most deadly battle
New Orleans (1862)
less than 90 min, MS river and NOLA under union control
in MD; The Bloodiest Day-22,000 casualties; North wins; McClellan knows Lee's plan; important because Europe decides not to support South; Lincoln is able to launch E.P. McClellan fired for good
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Burnside crossed Rappahannock River but was stopped at the heights where Lee was entrenched.
May 1st, 1863- Confederate Victory. Stonewall Jackson is shot and later dies in this battle.
A large battle in the American Civil War, took place in southern Pennsylvania from July 1 to July 3, 1863. The battle is named after the town on the battlefield. Union General George G. Meade led an army of about 90,000 men to victory against General Robert E. Lee's Confederate army of about 75,000. Gettysburg is the war's most famous battle because of its large size, high cost in lives, location in a northern state, and for President Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.
(1863) a speech given by Abraham Lincoln after the Battle of Gettysburg, in which he praised the bravery of Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War; supported the ideals of self-government and human rights
Grant besieged the city from May 18 to July 4, 1863, until it surrendered, yielding command of the Mississippi River to the Union.
March to the Sea
Sherman's march to Savannah which cut off confederate supplies received by the sea, Burned ATL, destroys columbia SC
Grant started this campaign in a brutal attempt to end the war. Despite over 66,000 casualties in six weeks, he pressed against Lee, pinning down the Confederate army in the Siege of Petersburg, where the two armis engaged in trench warfare for over nine months
Appomattox Court House
Famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant
Political effects of the war
Slavery gone, slaves are citizens, right to vote, lincoln is dead
South is destroyed, slaves become sharecroppers
620,000 soldiers died, south has to rebuild