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7-3 PASS Review
Terms in this set (57)
Social inequality between the different estates and excessive spending by King Louis XVI which put France into debt.
What were some of the causes of the French Revolution?
Enlightenment ideas and the American Revolution
Who were the revolutionaries in the French Revolution inspired by?
Which social class in France included the clergy, religious leaders who were in charge of the Church and made up the smallest group?
Which social group in France included the nobles who consisted of about 2% of the total population who owned about 25% of the total land in France.
Which social class made up the majority of the population, and included lawyers, craftsmen, merchants, (bourgeoisie) and the peasants and made up 97% of the population?
Who was the French revolutionary and Jacobin leader that established the Reign of Terror as a member of the Committee of Public Safety?
Which Queen of France from was very unpopular because of her extravagance and her resistance to fiscal reforms and would lose her head with the guillotine?
King Louis the XVI
Which French King led and extravagant lifestyle and spending on wars would lead his country into debt and eventually cause him to lose his head to the guillotine?
Who was the French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution who would take over France as an emperor and conquer most of Europe?
What is a sudden overthrow of the government by a small group?
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
What was the new constitution that the National Assembly wrote that gave all citizens free expression of thoughts and opinions and guaranteed equality before the law?
Storming of the Bastille
At What event was the King's prison in Paris destroyed that would also mark the start of the French Revolution?
What was the name of the French Parliament that was called to meet because the King wanted more money (each estate had only 1 single vote)?
Tennis Court Oath
What was the name of the event in which he 3rd estate met on the King's tennis courts & wrote a new constitution after being shut out of the Estates-General?
Reign of Terror
What is the name of the period in the French Revolution in which Robespierre, leader of the Jacobins executed by guillotine anyone suspected of being against the French Revolution, including the King and Queen, and then Robespierre himself?
What were the laws put in place by Naploeon that guaranteed 4 rights to the citizens of France,equality under law,right to hold property,freedom of religion,freedom to pursue vocations called?
What is desire by a large group of people (such as people who share the same culture, history, language, etc.) to form a separate and independent nation of their own called?
Congress of Vienna
What was the international conference held at Vienna after Napoleon's banishment to Elba, with European leaders who wanted to restore peace to Europe, settle boundary disputes after Napoleon's defeat, and restore to power the crowned heads of Europe?
Who were colonists who were born in Spain; The highest class in Spanish colonial society who held most of the power and wealth in society?
Who were Spaniards born in Latin America who could not hold political office but could be army officers?
Who were colonists who had a mixed European and Indian ancestry?
Who were colonists who had a mixed European and African ancestry?
Who was the leader of the Haitian independence movement during the French Revolution who emancipated the slaves, led the only successful slave revolt in history, and became the first black man to be the governor of a colony?
Who was a progressive priest who became the father of Mexican independence with a historic proclamation urging his fellow Mexicans to take up arms against the Spanish government and launched a decade-long struggle that ended 300 years of Spanish colonial rule?
Who was a Creole general who led the independence movements throughout South America and began with his home country of Venezuela and was nicknamed the Liberator?
Jose de San Martin
Who was an Argentinean general who fought for independence from Spain in the southern part of South America and would help free Peru before joining forces with Simon Bolivar?
What was the name of a country founded in 1819 that included Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador and existed for about 10 years?
What is the Latin American name for a military dictator?
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?
United States, Belgium, Germany, Japan
Where did the Industrial Revolution spread to?
What was a machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793?
rural to urban migration
What was the movement of people from the country side to the city usually in search of economic opportunities and a better life?
Plenty of raw materials (rivers,coal, iron)stable government, entrepreneurs, large labor force, and colonies
Why was Great Britain the first nation to industrialize in Europe?
Led to the increase in workers available to factories
What was the effect of the Agricultural Revolution on the Industrial Revolution?
Workers lived in overcrowded and unsanitary tenements.
Describe the living conditions of factory workers in the cities during the Industrial Revolution.
Early machines in factories were powered by the flowing waters of the rivers.
Why did early factories need to be located along rivers?
What is an economic system based on private ownership of capital?
What is a system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production?
Who was a scientific socialist who coauthored "The Communist Manifesto"
What is control of a weak and undeveloped nation by a powerful nation, usually by military force called?
What was the belief that the socially elite classes (those possessing wealth and power) were biologically superior to the lower classes; in the struggle for survival, the upper classes would win called?
Scramble for Africa
What was the nickname for the rushed imperial conquest of Africa by the major European powers (1876-1914), beginning with Belgium King Leopold II who took over the Congo Basin for rubber?
What was a series of negotiations held in Berlin (1884-1885) between the major European Nations to divide Africa into colonies called?
Open Door Policy
What was the American proposal that China should be open to all nations rather than just one or a few nations having control of the country called?
Sphere of Influence
What were the regions controlled in China by European powers in which they controlled trade in that region called?
What was the war in South Africa (1879) between Zulu tribes and British armed forces in which the British were ultimately successful?
What was the revolt of the Sepoy troops in British India which resulted in the transfer of the governing of India from the British East India Company to the British Government (direct rule)?
What was the war between Great Britain and China that began in 1839 as a conflict over the opium trade and ended in 1842 with the Chinese cession of Hong Kong to the British?
What was a Chinese uprising (1899-1901) against foreign influence in trade, politics and religion?
What was a 1895 war between China and Japan over control of Korea in which Japan gained Korea, Taiwan and Manchuria?.
What was the 1904 war between Russia and Japan over control of Korea and Manchuria in which Japan defeated Russia and became a recognized world power?
What was the proclamation issued by President James Monroe and stated that the Americas were off limits to further European colonization called?
What was the ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor, which contributed to the start of the Spanish-American War?
What was journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers called?
What was a man-made waterway 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama; built by the United States; creates a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans?
Commodore Matthew C. Perry
Who was the American who presented the Japanese with a letter from the President calling for Japan to grant trading rights to Americans which opened Japan for trade in 1854?
Spanish American War
What was the war between the US and Spain (1898) resulting in Spain's withdrawal from Cuba and its cession of Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico to the U.S. called?
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