AP Latin Literary Devices
Appendix B from Vergil's Aeneid: Selected Readings from Books 1, 2, 4, and 6 by Barbara Weiden Boyd
Terms in this set (34)
repetition of the same letter or sound, usually at the beginning of a series of words
"From forth the fatal loins of these two foes"
repetition of a word or words at the beginning of successive clauses
"Five years have passed;
Five summers, with the length of
Five long winters! and again I hear these waters..."
inversion of the usual order of words, e.g. placing a preposition after, instead of before, the word it governs
"potatoes I like"
("a falling silent") a breaking off in the middle of a sentence, the syntax of which is never resumed
"No, Percy, thou art dust,
And food for —"
sudden break from the previous narrative for an address, in the second person, of some person or object, absent or present
"O stranger of the future!
O inconceivable being!"
o patria, o divum domus Ilium
omission of conjunctions
"Call up her father.
Rouse him. Make after him, Poison his delight,
Proclaim him in the streets. Incense her kinsmen."
arrangement of words in a mirroring, or ABBA, pattern, found most often with pairs of nouns and adjectives
"Love as if you would one day hate,
and hate as if you would one day love."
pacis ornamenta et subsidia belli
an extended and elaborate description of a work of art, a building, or a natural setting
The omission of a word from the grammatical structure that's easily understood from context
e.g. all those times esse is left out
the transference of an epithet from the word to which it strictly belongs to another word connected with it in thought
saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram
continuation of a unit of thought beyond the end of one verse (i.e. a line) and into the first few feet of the next
avoidance of a direct, sometimes blunt manner of speaking in favor of a more subtle, sometimes diluted, form of expression
e vita excedit
the use of two nouns connected by a conjunction instead of using a noun modified by an adjectives or with another modifying noun
"nice and warm" instead of pleasantly warm
molemque et montes
avoidance in meter of elision between words
distanced placement of two words which are logically meant to be understood together
exaggeration for rhetorical effect
the reversal of the natural or logical order of ideas
"Let us die and run into the midst of arms."
understatement, often enhanced by the use of the negative
non multa = pauca
implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words; the word is used not in its literal sense, but in one analogous to it
substitution of one word for another which it suggests
"the pen is mightier than the sword"
Cererem corruptam undis, Ceres= bread
use of words of which the sound suggests the sense
"bam! shush! thud!"
magno cum murmure montis
the use in combination of apparently contradictory words
"parting is such sweet sorrow"
attribution of personality to an impersonal thing
the use of more words than are necessary to convey meaning, either as a fault of style or for emphasis
atra nox = black night
overabundance of conjunctions
disiecitque rates evertitque aequora
mentioning a fact by pretending to pass over it
Let us not talk about his drunkenness
the inclusion in the main story of references to events which in fact will occur after the dramatic time of the poem, and to the people and circumstances involved in these later events
e.g. referring to a "sunk ship" when it's still afloat
summersas obrue puppes
figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked in order to make a point and without the expectation of a reply
explicit comparison between two things using 'like' or 'as'
interlocking word order; ABAB
saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram
the use of a part for the whole
tecti" = roofs = houses, "puppes" = decks = ships
separation into two parts of a word normally written as one, often for a visual effect
the accumulation of three parallel phrases or clauses, each of which is at least one syllable longer than that preceding it
"of the people, by the people, for the people"
the joining of two words by a modifying or governing word which strictly applies to only one of them
"You held your breath and the door for me."
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