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252 terms

Words to learn and remember

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a-
Absence of/without
en-
inside/within
endo-
Inside/within
epi-
upon/above
mega-
large
megal/o-
large
para-
beside
peri-
around
-gram
picture/recording
-graph
machine that record/traces
-graphy
procedure of recording/tracing
-megaly
enlargement
-ia
condition of
bil/i
bile
chole-
bile
caec/o
caecum -beginning of the large instestine
cholangi/o
Bile vessel/duct
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
proct/o
rectum/anus
rect/o
rectum
pylor/o
pyloric sphincter
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
ab-
away from
ad-
towards
an-
absence of
ante-
before
anti-
against
auto-
self
bi-
two
bio-
life
brady-
slow
circum-
around
co-/con
together/joined
contra-
against
cryo-
cold
cyano-
blue
de-
away from/removing
dia-
through
diplo-
double
dys-
difficult/abnormal/painful
ecto-
external/outside/without
en-/endo-
within/in/into
epi-
upon/above/on
ery-/erythro-
red
hemi-
half
hetero-
unlike/dissimilar
homo-
same
hyper-
above/high/in excess of normal
hypo-
low/below/under/less than normal
inter-
between
intra-
within/inside
iso-
equal
kypho-
crooked/hump
latero-
side
leuco-/leuko-
white
lordo-
curvature forward
macro-
large
mal-
poor/abnormal/impaired
mega-/megalo-
big/enlarged
melano-
black/dark/pigment
meta-
after/beyond
micro-
small
mono-
one/single
multi-
many
neo-
new
oligo-
scanty/deficiency
ortho-
straight
pachy-
thick
pan-
all
para-
alongside
peri-
around
polio-
grey
poly-
many
post
after
pre-/pro-
before
quadri-
four
retro-
backwards
scolio-
sideways/twisted
sclero-
hard
semi-
half
steno-
narrow
sub-
below
super-/supra-
above
syn-
with/together/union
tachy-
rapid/fast
uni-
one
adeno-
gland
alveolo-
air sac
andro-
man
atrio-
atrium/upper chamber of heart
bili-
bile
blepharo-
eyelid
bronchiolo-
bronchiole/small air tube in lung
broncho-
bronchus/tube to lung
carpo-
wrist/hand
cephalo-
head
cerebro-
brain
cerebello-
cerebellum/lower lobe of brain
cervico-
cervix/neck
cholangio-
bile/billiary vessels
chole-
bile
cholecysto-
gallbladder
chondro-
cartilage
colo-/colono-
colon/large intestine
colpo-
vagina
cranio-
skull containing brain
cysto-
bladder
cyto-
cell
encephalo-
brain
endocardio-
lining of heart
endometrio-
endometrium (lining of uterus)
duodeno-
doudenum ( part of intestine)
entero-
intestine
epididymo-
tubules above testes/testicles
febro-
fever
feto-
fetus/unborn baby
gingivo-
gums
glosso-
tongue
glyco-
sugar
gyno-/gynaeco-
woman
hernio-
hernia/rupture/protusion
histo-
tissue
iatro-
doctor
ileo-
ileum (part of intestine
ilio-
ilium (bone of the pelvis)
jejuno-
jejunum (part of intestine)
laparo-
abdomen/abdominal wall
laryngo-
larynx/voice-box
lipo-
fat
lymphodeno-
lymph gland
lymphangio-
lymph vessel
mandibulo-
lower jaw bone
maxillo-
upper jaw bone
meningo-
meninges/membrane covering brain & spinal cord
menisco-
meniscus (knee cartilage)
metro-
womb
myelo-
marrow/spinal cord
myo-/myos-
muscle
myocardio-
myocardium ( heart muscle)
myometrio-
myometrium ( muscle of uterus)
myringo-
ear drum
necro-
death
oculo-
eye
oesophago-
oesaphagus (gullet)
onco-
tumour
onycho-
nail
oophoro
ovary
orchio-/orchido
testis/male gonad/male gland
oto-
ear
pancreato-
pancreas/a gland
patho-
disease
pericardio
outer layer of heart (covering the heart)
phago-
swallow, eat
phaso-
speech
pharmaco-
drug
phlebo-
vein
pharyngo-
pharynx/throat
pleuro-
lung covering/membrane
pneumo-/pnuemono-
air/gas/lung
pnoe-
breathing
procto-
anus/rectum
prostato-
prostate/a male gland
phallo-
penis
pulmono-
lung
pyo-
pus
pyro-
fever
recto-
rectum
rhino-
nose
salpingo-
fallopian/uterine tube
sigmoido-
sigmoid colon
spleno-
spleen
steato-
fat
stoma-/stomato-
mouth
thermo-
heat
thoraco-
chest/thorax
thrombo-
blood clot
thyro-
thyriod/ gland in neck
tonsillo-
tonsils/lymph gland
tox-/toxico-
poison
tracheo-
windpipe/trachea
tympano-
ear drum
uretero-
ureter/tube from kidney
uretho-
urethra/tube from bladder
uro-
urine/urinary organs
utero-
womb
vaso
vessel
veno-
vein
ventrico-/ventriculo
ventricle (lower chamber of heart)
-a
condition of
-blast
immature cell
-ac
concerning/pertaining
-al
concerning/pertaining to
-cele
swelling/protusion
-centesis
to puncture
-cide
kill/destroy
-desis
bind together
-dynia
pain
-oid
likeness/resembling
-opia
condition of the eye
-orrhage
burst forth/bleeding
-orrhagia
condition of heavy bleeding
-orrhaphy
sew/repair
-orrhoea
flow/discharge
-oscopy
examination with a lighted instrument
-osis
condition of
-ostomy
artificial opening into
-otomy
cutting into/dividing/incision
-ectasis
dilitation
-ectomy
surgical removal of
-form
shape form
-gen
producing/forming
-genesis
forming or origan
-genic
producing or forming
-gravida
pregnancy
-ia/-iasis
condition of/state of
-iac
pertaining to
-iatric
pertaining to medicine/physician
-ic
concerning/pertaining to
-iosis/-ism
condition of/state of
-lithiasis
condition/presence of stones
-lysis
destruction/splitting/breaking down
-malacia
softening
-megaly
enlargement of
-meter
measure
-natal
birth
-oedema
swelling caused by excess fluid
-para
given birth
-pathy
disease
-penia
lack of/decreased
-pexy
fixation of
-phagia
swallowing
-phasia
speech
-philia
liking/loving/affinity for
-phobia
irrational fear
-phylaxis
protection/prevention
-plasia
formation
-plasty
form/mould/reconstruct
-plegia
paralysis
-pnoea
breathing
-porosis
thinning/passage
-ptosis
drooping/falling
-rrhythmia
rhythm
-sclerosis
hardening
-scope
lighted instrument used to examine
-spasm
involuntary contraction of
-stasis
cessation of movement/flow
-staxis
dripping
-stenosis
narrowing
-tome
cutting instrument
-tripsy
crushing
-trophy
nourishment
-uria
condition of urine