Asian Art and Architecture Terms
Terms in this set (26)
the cycle of life and rebirth in Hinduism
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
The state of englightenment for Buddhists.
4 Noble Truths
Core of Buddha's doctrine; all life involves suffering, desire is the cause of suffering, elimination of desire brings the end to suffering, and disciplined life conducted in accordance with the Eightfold Path brings elimination of desire
Leader of the Mauryan dynasty of India who conquered most of India but eventually gave up violence and converted to Buddhism.
a geometric figure representing the universe in Hindu and Buddhist symbolism.
connect earth with the heavens; kaba and dome of the rock
a person who has attained enlightenment but who has postponed nirvana in order to help others achieve enlightenment
Means "Enlightened One." He is said to have renounced his worldly possessions and taught of a way to overcome suffering.
choreographed hand movements used in rituals
Buddhist shrine that is shaped like a dome or mound
gateway in the stone fence around a stupa, located at the cardinal points of the compass
The celestial Buddha. Believed to be the life force that generates the universe; found in some Japanese mandalas
In Buddhist worship, walking around the stupa in a clockwise direction
A Hindu god considered the destroyer of the world.
a Hindu god considered the preserver of the world
A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct.
a thin, beautiful pottery invented in China
a Japanese style of painting that that uses only Japanese themes, has strong diagonal lines and with very little individuality of the facial features. "Yamato" lit. = Japanese; "e" lit. = picture or artwork
3 generations of artists that kind of consolidate after a while into a group; art characterized by simple forms, bright colors, copying other rimpa generations and artists.
a Buddhist sect that emphasizes enlightenment through meditation and stresses simplicity and discipline
a spire, here representing the axis mundi. a convexly tapering tower
God of fire
illustrated of illuminated handscroll
Kei school of sculpture
a Japanese school (style) of Buddhist sculpture which emerged in the early Kamakura period (c. 1200). Based in Nara, it was the dominant school in Buddhist sculpture in Japan into the 14th century
agyo and ungyo- wooden sculptures- defended the area from evil spirits
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