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40 terms

Law & Ethics Chapter 5

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Abandonment
withdrawing medical care from a patient without providing sufficient notice to patient
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
causes immune system to break down, disease resulting in infections that occur as a result of exposure to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Advance Directive
various methods by which a patient has the right to self-discrimination prior to a medical necessity, includes living wills, healthcare proxies and durable POA
Against Medical Advice
when a noncompliant patient leaves a hospital without physician's permission
Agent
person authorized to act on behalf of a patient
Consent
voluntary agreement that a patient gives to allow a medically trained person the permission to touch, examine and perform treatment
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)
designation placed on a patients medical record indicating that in the case of cessation of circulation and breathing, CPR is not to be done
Durable Power of Attorney
legal agreement that allows an agent or representative of the patient to act on behalf of the patient
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
virus that causes the immune system to break down and can eventually result in AIDS
Implied Consent
patient indicates by behavior that he or she accepts procedure
Informed or Expressed Consent
consent granted by a patient after receiving knowledge and understanding of potential risks and benefits, signature indicates patient understands
In Loco Parentis
person assigned by a court to stand in place of the parents and possess their legal rights and responsibilities toward the child
Living Will
legal document where a person states that life sustaining treatments and nutritional support should not be used to prolong life
Minor
is not considered competent to give consent for most treatments and is less than 18 years of age
Parens Patriae Authority
occurs when the state takes responsibility from the parents for the care and custody of minors
Priviliged Communication
confidential information that has been told to a physician or attorney by the patient
Prognosis
prediction for the course of a disease
Proxy
person who acts on behalf of another person
Uniform Anatomical Gift Act
state statute allowing persons 18 or older and of sound mind to make a gift of any or all body parts for organ transplantation or medical research
Physician's Rights
right to select patients, right to determine type of service to provide, right to withdraw from relationship, right to vacation and time off
Physician's Responsibilities
human dignity, responsibility to society, continued study, to improve community, to patient is paramount
Professional Practice Responsibilities
during an emergency cannot ethically or legally turn away patient, if unable to treat must call for emergency assistance, cannot be turned away if indigent or uninsured
Patient's Rights
right to privacy, right to be informed of advantages and risks of treatment, right to confidentiality
Mature Minor
person in mid to late teens who for health care purposes is considered mature enough to comprehend physician recommendations and give informed consent
Patient's Responsibilities
make follow up appointments, monitor treatment and medication use if requested by physician, pay for medical services
Exceptions to Consent
need not inform of commonly known risks, need not inform if patient asks physician not to disclose risks, need not inform if may be detrimental to patient
Refusal to Grant Consent
adult patient concious and mentally capable refuses any treatment
Emancipated Minor
person in mid to late teens who legally lives outside parent or guardians control
Indigent
a poor person
Physician
a contract for services with this person includes agreement to pay for services received by patient, truthful disclosure by patient, agreement to provide services by the doctor
Physicians
may refuse to treat patients except in emergency, may withdraw from a contract if patient is uncooperative
HIV
must have patients informed consent to test for this
Physician
must complete a report of an HIV or AIDS diagnosis
HIPAA
breach of confidentiality is considered unethical and illegal and is prohibited by
Medical Ethicists
currently encourage healthcare providers to focus on the consequences of an action while protecting the patient and apply the principles of justice
Malpractice Insurance Premiums
an increase in these has caused physicians to charge more for services than in the past
Opportunistic Infections
infections responsible for life threatning illness in the AIDS patient are called...
Persuade Patient to Inform Partner
the physician who believes that his or her AIDS patient may place in jeopardy the health of others has an ethical obligation to...
Life or Safety of the Patient
patient confidentiality does not apply in the case of...
Parents
minor children may receive life saving treatment even though this person may refuse