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PHYS 1214 OkState Final Vocab
Terms in this set (42)
the electron volt is a unit for measuring _______________
the SI unit of capacitance that is equal to one Coulomb divided by one Volt
used in Bohrs atomic model of electrons quantized in units of h/2pi
Unit that measures the rate at which a sample of radioactive material decays
protons and neutrons in the nucleus
the bouncing back of a ray of light, sound, or heat when the ray hits a surface that it does not go through
an opening used to help describe the capabilities of a microscope
a change in the direction of a wave when the wave finds an obstacle or an edge, such as an opening
His principle is used to explain diffraction said any point in wavefront can be treated as source
The creation of a voltage across a current-carrying conductor by a magnetic field
Italian nuclear physicist (in the United States after 1939) who worked on artificial radioactivity caused by neutron bombardment and who headed the group that in 1942 produced the first controlled nuclear reaction (1901-1954)
A lens that is thicker in the middle than at the edges and that refracts parallel rays to a focus.
A lens that is thinner in the middle than at the edges, causing parallel rays passing through it to diverge as if from a point
an object's distance and direction from a reference point
The product of an object's mass and velocity
SI unit for magnetic field and magnetic field intensity
The bending of a wave as it passes at an angle from one medium to another (like a prism)
the combination of two or more waves that results in a single wave
The unit of resistance. Symbolized as Ω.
SI unit of magnetic flux, causing the electromotive force of one volt in a circuit of one turn when generated or removed in one second.
the force on a charge moving in a magnetic field
no two electrons in the same atom can have the same set of four quantum numbers
SI unit for radiation dose defined to be one joule per kilogram
SI unit of measurement equivalent of the rem
A unit of measure for radiation; 1 curie = 37 billion decays per second.
discovered x-rays and a unit of ionizing radiation, the amount producing one electrostatic unit of positive or negative ionic charge in one cubic centimeter of air under standard conditions
Electrons have an internal or intrinsic angular momentum called intrinsic _________
coherent waves are waves that have the same frequency, speed and have a constant phase relationship
SI unit of electric charge
SI unit of electric current equal to a flow of one coulomb per second.
a set of four equations that comprise a complete, overarching theory of electromagnetism
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
it is impossible to know exactly both the velocity and the position of a particle at the same time
A flow of electric charge.
The difference in electrical potential energy between two places in a circuit.
the rate at which work is done
SI unit to measure inductance
waves with random phase relationships
is the separation of charges in an object that remains neutral
quantity that determines how harmful radiation is yo biological components
The unit of potential difference (voltage) in a system symbolized as V
de Broglie wavelength
the wavelength possessed by a particle of matter, calculated by λ=h/p
Physicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity.
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