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the branch of anatomy that studies the structure and function of the body's organ systems. (Student-friendly method)
the study of anatomy based on regions or divisions of the body and emphasizing the relations between various structures (muscles and nerves and arteries etc.) in that region
The study of landmarks on the outside of the human body that are created by underlying structures and their medical importance
When organs are reversed left to right. (Donny Osmond's appendix is on the left side of his body)
When a person stands upright with the feet parallel and flat on the floor. The head is level and the eyes are looking forward at the observer. The arms are at either side of the body with the palms facing forward.
Divides the body into upper and lower portions. Also called horizontal plane or cross-sectional plane. The type of plane used on CT scans.
Divides the body into equal halves, left and right. Also known as the median plane. There is only one median plane.
Closest to point of attachment to trunk or midline OR closest to ANY point of reference that is given.
Metabolism, growth and development, responsiveness to the internal and external environment, homeostasis, and reproduction
Things humans are capable of because of our complex level of organization
To deliver nutrients and oxygen to every cell, and eliminate toxic wastes from each cell
Why we need the activities of our beautifully-interrelated organ systems
Divides the body into upper and lower portions. Also called transverse plane or cross-sectional plane. The type of plane used on CT scans.
Divides the body into upper and lower portions. Also called horizontal plane or transverse plane. The type of plane used on CT scans.
Divides the body into equal halves, left and right. Also known as the midsaggital plane. There is only one midsagittal plane.
When a cut is done to the left or right of the midline. An infinite number of these planes exist and many such cuts are done in biological displays so that observers can "leaf through" slices of the human body like the pages of a book.
Furthest from point of attachment to trunk or midline OR furthest from ANY point of reference that is given.
Mammary region, sternal region, axillary region, vertebral region
Regions included in the thoracic region
Bruise thing in/on/near the belly button associated with intra-abdominal bleeding (peritoneal bleeding, or more rarely, retroperitoneal bleeding)
Pubic area, perineum, lumbar region, sacral region, gluteal region
Pelvic region includes which regions?
The part of the serous membranes associated with the internal surface of the body wall.
Lubricating serous fluid
Between the visceral and parietal layers of the serous membranes there is a serous cavity filled with...
A median space in the thoracic cavity which contains the heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea, and several major blood vessels that connect with the heart.
the heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea, and several major blood vessels that connect with the heart.
The mediastinum contains...
The outermost serous layer of the pericardium (and its associated fibrous layer)
The potential space between the parietal and visceral pericardia and it contains lubricating serious fluid.
Like lotion on our hands, it keeps us from making noise and generating heat when our organs touch each other. Saves us from organ friction.
The outer layer of the pleura. Firmly attached to the chest wall and superior surface of the diaphragm
The narrow, moist, potential space between the parietal and visceral pleurae. Contains lubricating serous fluid.
Between the superior aspects of the hip (pelvic) bones
Where is the imaginary line drawn? (The line that separates the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity)
The potential space between these serous membrane layers in the abdominopelvic cavity. Contains lunbricating serous fluid. A SMALLER enclosure within the abdominopelvic cavity.
Kidneys, pancreas, duodenum, ascending colon, descending colon, rectum, bladder
Abdominal organs in the abdominopelvic cavity but NOT in the peritoneal cavity
A diagnostic test in which rinse solution is inserted and then removed from the peritoneal cavity to detect traumatic damage.
Right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left lower quadrant
Oral cavity, nasal cavity, orbital cavities, middle ear cavities
In addition to the large ventral and posterior body cavities, there are several small cavities in the head:
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