Apologia General Science Module 14
Terms in this set (20)
The human circulatory system is primarily made up of the __________ and the __________.
heart and blood vessels
What fragments of blood cells aid in clotting?
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart.
True or false: All deoxygenated blood is carried in the veins.
False. The pulmonary artery carries deoxygenated blood away from the heart and lungs to receive oxygen.
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Tiny sacs covered with capillaries in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide take place
The human heart has __________ chambers
Where are blood cells produced?
in the bone marrow
Which blood cells contain hemoglobin?
red blood cells
Tiny thin-walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gases and nutrients between the blood and cells and are located between arteries and veins
The largest artery is the __________.
Order the path of inhaled air: alveoli, larynx, trachea, pharynx, bronchioles, bronchi
pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea, bronchi (splits air into each lung), bronchioles, alveoli
What determines the pitch of sound made by the vocal chords?
How tight the vocal chords are stretched; the less stretched, the lower the sound; the more tightly stretched, the higher the sound
What makes up the majority of blood?
The respiratory system is made primarily of the __________.
Name the four chambers of the heart in order of circulation starting with the vena cava.
Right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, left ventricle
What are the three primary functions of the nose?
Cleans, warms and moistens air as it passes through
Name the four primary components of blood.
Red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma
What blood cells fight disease-carrying organisms?
white blood cells
Tubes that transport water up from the roots to the rest of the parts of a plant