Terms in this set (42)
What is an isolated community?
A settlement that is separated from other settlements by features such as mountains or oceans.
What is a colony?
A settlement in a distant place.
What is shelter?
A place that provides protection from weather, such as a house.
What is a colonist?
A person who lives in a colony.
What is a merchant?
A person who makes money by selling goods.
What is a city-state?
An early city that was like a small, independent country with its own laws and government.
What is monarchy?
A form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of one person.
What is oligarchy?
A form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of a few people.
What is tyranny?
A form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of one person who is not a lawful king.
What is democracy?
A form of government in which the ruling power is shared by all citizens.
What is a monarch?
A single ruler who holds all the power in a country or empire.
What is an aristocrat?
A member of the most powerful class in Ancient Greek society.
What is an oligarch?
One of several people who rule a country or empire together sharing the power.
What is a tyrant?
A person who seizes power illegally.
What is a citizen?
A member of a democracy, who has certain rights and responsibilities.
What is an Assembly?
A group of citizens in an Ancient Greek democracy with the power to pass laws.
What is economy?
A system of managing the wealth of a community or region.
What is Peloponnesus?
The peninsula forming the southern part of the mainland of Greece.
What is the Agora?
A marketplace in Ancient Greece.
What is a priestess?
A female priest.
What was the Persian Empire?
At its height in the 400s BCE, the largest empire the world had ever known, ruling over land in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.
What were the Persian Wars?
The conflict between Persia and the Greek city-states between 499 and 479 BCE.
What are allies?
A country or group that joins with another for a common purpose, such as to fight against a common enemy.
What is a calvary?
Soldiers who ride horses.
What is Hellespont?
The long, narrow, body of water between Europe and Asia in present day Turkey.
What is Greek culture?
The features of Greek society, including religion, architecture, sculpture, drama, philosophy, and sports.
What is a acropolis?
The hill above a Greek city, on which temples were built.
What is the Parthenon?
The temple honoring the goddess Athena, built on the Acropolis above Athens.
What is a myth?
A traditional story that helps to explain a culture's beliefs.
What is architecture?
The art of designing buildings.
What is sculpture?
The art of creating three-dimensional figures from materials such as wood, stone, and clay.
What is drama?
The art of writing, acting in, and producing plays.
What is philosophy?
The theory or set of values by which one lives; the search for wisdom or knowledge.
What was the Peloponnesian War?
Conflicts between Athens and Sparta (and other city-states) from 431 to 404 BCE.
Who was Alexander the Great?
The ruler of a vast empire from Macedonia to India in the 300s BCE.
What was Macedonia?
An ancient kingdom north of Greece
What is an empire?
A large empire in which several groups of people are ruled by a single leader or government.
What does it mean to appoint?
To choose someone to fill an office or position.
What are Greek Contributions?
Influence from the Greeks that affects us today, as in the areas of language, government, medicine, mathematics, and science, architecture, entertainment, and sports.
What is geometry?
The branch of mathematics involving, points, lines, planes, and figures.
What is longitude?
A measure of how far a place on Earth is from an imaginary line that runs between the North and South Poles on a globe.
What is latitude?
A measure of how far a place in Earth is from the equator.
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