54 terms

Religion Study Guide: Chapters 4,5,6


Terms in this set (...)

Religion w/which the myth Enuma elish is associated.
Literal meaning of Enuma Elish
"When on High"
The name of the "Old Hog" or "first mother" in the story Enuma elish; her role in the creation of the universe.
The main hero; what are some of his titles;his role in the creation of the universe
Major organizational forms of Judaism
The first five books of the Hebrew bible
Meaning of YHWH
The name of God revealed to Moses by voice in a burning bush. "I am who I am"
Meaning of Adonai
a Hebrew name for God.
The culminating plague in the Exodus Story
Cosmogonic or Cosmological myths
myths about the origin and order of the universe.
Etiological myths
Sacred stories explaining why something came to be or got the way it is now.
Eschatological myths
Scared Stories about the end of history or the destruction of the world.
Religious functions of myths
hierphanic( to reveal something holy or sacred), numinous( to elicit and reinforce a sense of awe and finitude w/respect to the divine.),ritualistic (to give a narrative explain and justfying ritual actions), cosmological ( to render a picture of the order of the universe.)
Social functions of myths
Integration of individuals into a group, supporting and reinforcing a current social order, criticism of a current social order
Psychological functions of myths
The establishment of ego identity and the deep psychological level, the establishment of a self.
Expressive functions of myths
Ideological function of myths
Kessler's 5 theories of myth
Rationalistic, Functional, Symbolic,Phenomenological, Structuralist.
Main Scientific developments by Copernicus, Galileo, and Darwin and the religious beliefs that conflicted with them.
Michales Rue's four ways in which science and religion relate.
Four main clauses of ancient Indian Society
definition of ritual
symbolic bodily gestures and actions, repeated in specified ways on ocassions.
culture with which the Akitu festival is assoicated
Babylonian New Year.
Four Stages of seasonal ritual according to Theodore Gaster
Mortification, Purgation, Invigoration,Jubilation.
With what sacred time is Mardi Gras associated with?
Meaning of Ishna Ta Awi Cha Lowan and what human experience is it associated
They sing over her menses. Preparing a girl for womanhood.
Meaning of Wakan Tanka
Great Mysteriousness.
Three phases of ritual according to Arnold Van Gennep
Separation, Transition, and incorporation.
Liminal stage of Victor Turner
Bruce Lincoln's view of girls initiation rites
That there was no liminal state for for girls,
5 types of rituals in kessler and their meaning
Technological Rituals, Therapeutic and Anti therapeutic Rituals,Ideological Rituals, Salvation Rituals, Revitalization Rituals.
5 explanations of sacrifice in Kessler and their meaning
With what two activities does Kessler compare myth and ritual theory.
the script of the play and the play preformed.
Define seder and when and where does it occur
order of service; Is a Jewish ritual meal held in the home on the first night of the seven day holiday Passover.
Jewish holiday w/which the seder is connected
Jewish King who made Passover a public ritual
King Josiah
Axis Mundi
A mythological axis of the world often represented by a pole, tree,, or mountain connecting the earth w/the sky and the underworld.
3 peaks of Mt. Kilimanjaro
Kibo ,Mawenzi, Shira.
Location of Mt. Kilimanjaro
Northern Tanzania
What is the dreamtime according to Aborigines
This is the time of beginnings in which great power was present on earth.
What happens if dreamtime ceases to be celebrated in the belief system of the Aborignes?
They don't get their power back for that time.
3 functions of sacred time and space
1.) Provide spatial and temporal openings to superhuman power
2.) Establish spatial and temporal boundaries
3.)Orient people in time and space.
meaning of iconoclastic
breaking images,in religious studies usually refers to movements opposed to use of images in worship.
Sacramental principle
A term used by Paul Tillich to refer to the tendency of religions to invest material things such as statues,images and locations w/quality of being sacred.
Prophetic Principle
Religious tendency to sharply distinguish the scared from any identification w/material things and images.
Two most radically iconoclastic religions
What are shrines,temples,and congregational structures
- shrines memorializing sacred tombs, relics, and places
-Temples housing gods and serving as a place of sacrifice
-Congregational structures providing assembly places.
literal meaning of synagogue
what do music and religion have in common?
Transform lives
Transport people to another time and place.
what is a cathedral?
the principal church of a diocese, with which the bishop is officially associated.
what is a narthex?
an antechamber, porch, or distinct area at the western entrance of some early Christian churches, separated off by a railing and used by catechumens, penitents, etc.
what is a nave?
the central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation. In traditional Western churches it is rectangular, separated from the chancel by a step or rail, and from adjacent aisles by pillars.
7 sacraments of the Catholic Church
Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.
Major Seasons of the church year
Advent (Four Weeks)
Christmas (12 days)
All Saints Day