Theology Chapter 3 Review
Terms in this set (19)
What do we mean when we speak of Christ as the High Priest?
He was both the Sacrificial Lamb of God as well as the priest who offered the sacrifice.
Describe how the Old Testament concept of priesthood relates to the priesthood of Christ.
A prefiguring of the ordained ministry that Jesus Christ himself established
What was Christ's purpose in calling the twelve apostles?
Jesus called on the twelve apostles to spread the word after he returned to Heaven
How is the calling of the Apostles still relevant to the Church today?
What do we mean when we say that the bishop are called to teach, govern, and sanctify?
Bishops ensure that the church is using its material resources wisely, they also need to oversee and organize catholic institution, such as universities and charitable organizations
What is the function of the Magisterium?
The magisterium serves as the teaching authority of the Church
What is Apostolic Succession?
The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops.
What do we mean when we say that a bishop is endowed with the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders?
Bishops receive a special outpouring of the Holy Spirit during their ordination which endows them with the fullness of the Sacrament.
Explain the symbolism behind the ring a bishop wears.
a sign of his lifelong fidelity to the Church
Why are priests called the coworkers of the bishop?
Priests assist the Bishops in the fulfillment of the mission Jesus Christ entrusted to the Apostles
What are some of the differences between a diocesan priest and a religious order priest?
religious priests are part of a religious order or community; diocesan priests are ordained for a diocese and serve where a bishop places them
Briefly describe the central elements of the vocation of a deacon.
can baptize, share the eucharist, empowered to witness
Is the permanent diaconate a new development in the church? Explain your response.
no, the permanence of the diaconate was mentioned in The Acts of the Apostles
Hows the formation for ordained life different from a program of study at a ordinary college or graduate school?
A program of study focuses on learning how to do something and a curriculum of studies focuses on what the student is to know in an intellectual way, formation involves becoming a certain kind of person.
Briefly describe what is involved in the formation for the priesthood.
Formation for the priesthood starts with family, then one joins a seminary and finally spends 4 years in a seminary
Why does the Church ordain only men?
The Church follows the examples of Christ & Christ only called men to be his Apostles
Why is celibacy a requirement for priests?
They are required to give themselves fully to God with their whole undivided heart
Describe some of the main elements of the ritual for ordination to the diaconate, priesthood, and episcopate.
Accepting the call to priesthood; the promise of celibacy, obedience, and liturgy of hours; the laying on of hands
What does it mean to say that ordination is permanent?
Can never truly go back to being a layman, your decision is final