Terms in this set (42)
urea and uric acid are products of the breakdown of
preventing cystitis in women would include teaching them to
B. clean the perineal area from front to back.
which of these substances should not be found in urine?
D. Red blood cells
which of the following is the outermost layer of the kidneys?
C. renal cortex
_______is a hormone that regulates blood pressure.
B. Renin (regulates blood pressure)
the kidneys are _______ to the peritoneal cavity.
which of these is a hormone that helps to regulate red blood cells production?
the middle portion of the kidneys is the
C. renal medulla
the group of capillaries that forms the renal corpuscle is called the
during the _________ process of urine formation, substances move from the blood into the renal tubules.
C. Tubular secretion
during ______, the hormone ADH controls the amount of water the body keeps.
B. tubular reabsorption
which urinary system structure takes urine away from the bladder?
the ________ use(s) a peristaltic action to take urine to the bladder.
the detrusor muscle is part of the
which of the following describes acute renal failure?
C. can results from poisons and/or alcohol abuse.
the oral palate's main function is to
C. separate the oral and nasal cavities.
saliva contains an enzyme called
D. covers the airway
you will instruct your patients who are at risk for cirrhosis of the liver that they can reduce the risk by
A. avoiding the use of alcohol
a patient complains of construction. you will recommend
B. increasing dietary fiber
a patient reports several episodes of diarrhea. What would you review with her to try to prevent diarrhea in the future?
C. food handling practices
the condition in which distended veins become irritated is
which of these results from the breakdown of the lining of the stomach?
D. stomach ulcer
inflammation of the liver is
which of the following causes the stomach to rise up through the diaphragm?
C. hiatal hernia
________ is a chronic liver disease in which normal tissue is replaced with scar tissue.
in which of these conditions does the stomach lining become inflamed ?
in ______, also called heartburn, stomach acids are pushed into the esophagus.
C. GERD (acid reflex;when food comes back up)
the pancreatic enzyme that digests carbohydrates is
which of these enzymes digest(s) sugars in the small intestine?
B. sucrase, maltase and lactase
which statement best describes the duodenum?
C. it is a C-shaped, short, and at the beginning of the small intestine.
in which of these is food mixed with bile and pancreatic enzymes?
B. small intestine
which of the following uses peristalsis to push food to the stomach?
which organ of digestion regulates fecal elimination?
which organ of the digestive system begins the chemical breakdown of foods?
which layer of the wall of the alimentary canal contracts to move materials through the canal?
C. muscular layer
which of these assessments would help to identify an endocrine problem in a child?
A. tracking the child's development on a standard growth chart.
a young women had her pituitary gland removed. she may now experience
which of the following hormone categories requires G-protein to activate enzyme inside a cell?
which type of hormone can cross a cell membrane easily/
which of these glands has cells that release glucagon?
the _____ gland releases PTH.