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a colonist who remained loyal to Great Britain and the king


colonists who supported American independence



American Revolution

Rebellion of English American colonies along Atlantic seaboard between 1775 and 1783; resulted in independence for former British colonies and eventual formation of United States of America.

Stamp Acts

Tax on all paper items; used to help Britain pay back debt acquired from defending the colonies in the French and Indian War.

Tea Act

tax on tea; made the East India Company the only tea company allowed to colonists; reason for the Boston Tea Party (1773)

Boston Tea Party

demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor

Intolerable Acts

in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troops in barns and empty houses

Quartering Act

an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists

Committees of Correspondence

got in touch with other towns and colonies; shared ideas and information about the new British laws and ways to challenge them.

Boston Massacre

On March 5 1770 a crowd of colonists were taunting and throwing snowballs at a British soldier guarding a customs house. While back up came there was fighting and British soldiers ended up firing killing 3 people. It was the first confrontation with the British.

Declaration of Independence

the colonies' break from Great Britain


A militia during the American Revolution that could be ready to fight in a minute.

Thomas Paine

a Patriot who anonymously wrote "Common Sense"

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