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A major cause of the growth of state and Federal highway systems after World War II was the
1 increased use of mass transit systems
2 growing prosperity of inner-city areas
3 rapid development of suburbs
4 return of city dwellers to farm areas
3 rapid development of suburbs
During World War II, women and minorities made economic gains mainly because
1 a shortage of traditional labor created new opportunities in the workplace
2 more educational opportunities increased the number of skilled workers in these groups
3 labor unions successfully demanded equal opportunities for these groups
4 new civil rights legislation forced businesses to change their hiring practices
1 a shortage of traditional labor created new opportunities in the workplace
A major cause of the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II was
1. national segregation policies
2. immigration quotas
3. racial prejudice
4. economic depression
3. racial prejudice
In the early 1940's, the "destroyers-for-military-bases deal" with Great Britain and the Lend-Lease Act were evidence that the United States
1. recognized that its policy of neutrality conflicted with its self-interest
2. followed its policy of neutrality more strictly as World War II progressed in Europe
3. believed that the Allied policy of appeasement would succeed
4. wanted to honor the military commitments it had made just after World War I
1. recognized that its policy of neutrality conflicted with its self-interest
A violation of civil rights that occurred in the United States during World War II was the
1. arrests made as a result of the Palmer raids
2 passage of an open immi-gration law
3 internment of Japanese Americans
4 forced removal of Native American Indians from their reservations
3 internment of Japanese Americans
The Lend-Lease Act and the Destroyers-for-Bases deal were adopted prior to World War II primarily because these actions would
1 help Allied nations without the United States entering the war
2 stop the spread of communism
3 convince the American people that war was necessary
4 create jobs to end the Great Depression
1 help Allied nations without the United States entering the war
Which statement about Japanese Americans interned during World War II is most accurate?
1 Many were forced to return to Japan at the conclusion of the war.
2 No Japanese Americans were allowed to serve in the United States armed services during the war.
3 Most were released after signing a loyalty oath
4 Many lost their homes and businesses
4 Many lost their homes and businesses
Which action best illustrates the policy of isolationism followed by the United States before it entered World War II?
1 signing of a collective security pact with Latin American nations
2 passage of neutrality legislation forbidding arms sales to warring nations
3 embargo on the sale of gasoline and steel to Japan
4 President Franklin D. Roosevelt's exchange of American destroyers for British naval and air bases
2 passage of neutrality legislation forbidding arms sales to warring nations
Which precedent was established by the Nuremberg war crimes trials?
National leaders can be held responsible for crimes against humanity .
Only individuals who actually commit murder during a war can be guilty of a crime.
Defeated nations cannot be forced to pay reparations.
Defeated nations can be occupied by the victors.
National leaders can be held responsible for crimes against humanity
In 1988, Congress voted to pay $20,000 to each of the surviving Americans of Japanese descent who were interned during World War II because
the danger of war with Japan no longer existed
all of the interned Japanese Americans eventually became American citizens
the World Court ordered the United States to pay reparations
many Americans believed the internment was unjust and unnecessary
many Americans believed the internment was unjust and unnecessary
"The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is, in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible."

This quotation supports a foreign policy of
imperialism
appeasement
neutrality
economic sanctions
neutrality
In the 1930's, the United States attempted to avoid a repetition of the events leading up to United States involvement in World War I by
establishing the Good Neighbor policy with Latin American nations
forgiving the foreign debts incurred during World War I
officially recognizing the existence of the Soviet Union
passing a series of neutrality laws
passing a series of neutrality laws
How did the personal diplomacy conducted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II affect the Presidency?
Subsequent Presidents have refused to use this unsuccessful method.
The President's role in shaping United States foreign policy was strengthened.
The President's war powers as Commander in Chief were sharply reduced.
Congress increased its power over the executive branch.
The President's role in shaping United States foreign policy was strengthened.
As World War II was ending, the United States decided to join the United Nations mainly because the United States
sought to meet the American public's overwhelming demand for free-trade agreements
wanted to continue to play the same role it had in the League of Nations
recognized that efforts to achieve world peace required United States involvement
wanted to stop the growing influence of newly independent developing nations
recognized that efforts to achieve world peace required United States involvement
The United States became involved in World War II primarily because
Germany refused to pay its debts from World War I
European democracies supported United States policies toward Germany and Japan
President Franklin D. Roosevelt did not enforce the Neutrality Acts
Germany and Japan achieved important military successes in Europe and Asia
Germany and Japan achieved important military successes in Europe and Asia
Speaker A:"We must take action even if we are not sure it will work. To do nothing to stop them would be a repeat of the Munich mistake."
Speaker B:"We must recognize the increasing interdependence of nations and join the United Nations."
Speaker C:"Stopping the spread of communism can and must take several forms. We must be willing to do whatever is necessary."
Speaker D:"Involvement in European affairs would be a mistake. We should not jeopardize our peace and prosperity over issues that Europe's ambitions and rivalries control."

The "Munich mistake" mentioned by speaker A refers to a policy of
interdependence
appeasement
balance of power
collective security
appeasement
After World War II, the United States was better able than its allies to adjust its economy from wartime to peacetime because the United States
possessed nuclear weapons
raised tariffs on imports
had collected its war debts from the Allies
had suffered no widespread wartime destruction
had suffered no widespread wartime destruction
An immediate effect of the Lend-Lease program was that
Western Europe recovered from the damage caused by World War I
the Soviet Union formed the Warsaw Pact
Japan declared war against the United States
the United States provided critical aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union
the United States provided critical aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 is an illustration of the
impact a single event can have on public opinion a time of crisis
effectiveness of a policy of appeasement in stopping aggression
success of the pacifist movement in the United States
role of communism as a negative influence in global affairs
impact a single event can have on public opinion a time of crisis
Which congressional action not only raised money for World War II but also contributed to the national debt?
requiring employers to withhold taxes from workers' paychecks
raising income tax rates
selling war bonds
enacting wage and price controls
war bonds
What was a key challenge faced by the United States during World War II?
lack of public support for the war effort
fighting the war on several fronts
difficulty gaining congressional support
total reliance on naval power
fighting the war on several fronts
How did the post-World War II baby boom affect American society between 1945 and 1960?
It decreased the demand for housing.
It bankrupted the Social Security System.
It increased the need for educational resources.
It encouraged people to migrate to the Sun Belt.
It increased the need for educational resources.
The United States Supreme Court decision in Korematsu v. United States (1944) concerned
restricting freedom of the press
the president's right to use atomic weapons
limiting civil liberties during wartime
the right of women to serve in military combat
limiting civil liberties during wartime
President Harry Truman supported a containment policy after World War II in an attempt to
limit the use of atomic bombs and other nuclear weapons
end colonialism in Africa and Asia
bring German and Japanese war criminals to justice
reduce the influence of the Soviet Union in European countries
reduce the influence of the Soviet Union in European countries
In the period following World War II, the United States established a long-term military presence in West Germany in an effort to
support the unification of Europe, by force if necessary
stop communist expansion in Europe
prevent the renewal of German aggression in Europe
allow the United Nations to resolve international disputes
stop communist expansion in Europe
Prior to United States entry into World War II, Congress passed the Cash-and-Carry Act of 1939 and the Lend-Lease Act of 1941. These foreign policy actions showed that the United States
became increasingly drawn into the war in Europe
The war crimes trials of German and Japanese military officials following World War II established that
it is difficult to convict leaders of crimes against humanity
civil liberties must be expanded for civilians during wartime
individuals can be held responsible for wartime atrocities against civilians
genocidal acts are acceptable during wartime
individuals can be held responsible for wartime atrocities against civilians
During the early years of World War II, the Destroyer Deal and the Lend-Lease Act were efforts by the United States to
help the Allies without formally declaring war
maintain strict neutrality toward the war
negotiate a settlement of the war
provide help to both sides in the wa
help the Allies without formally declaring war
What was one result of World War II?
The arms race ended.
The Cold War ended.
Communism was eliminated.
Two superpowers emerged.
Two superpowers emerged.
During World War II, the federal government used rationing to
hold down prices of military weapons
increase educational benefits for veterans
increase imports of scarce products
provide more resources for the military
During World War II, the federal government used rationing to
hold down prices of military weapons
increase educational benefits for veterans
increase imports of scarce products
provide more resources for the military
To help pay for World War II, the United States government relied heavily on the
money borrowed from foreign governments
sale of war bonds
sale of United States manufactured goods to neutral nations
printing of additional paper money
war bonds
Why was the United States called the "arsenal of democracy" in 1940?
The leaders in the democratic nations of Europe were educated in the United States
Most of the battles to defend worldwide democracy took place on American soil.
The United States supervised elections in European nations before the war.
The United States provided much of the weaponry needed to fight the Axis powers.
The United States provided much of the weaponry needed to fight the Axis powers.
Shortly after entering World War II, the United States began the Manhattan Project to
work on the development of an atomic bomb
increase economic production to meet wartime demands
defend New York City against a nuclear attack
recruit men for the military services
work on the development of an atomic bomb
A controversial issue that resulted from World War II was the
future role of the League of Nations
morality of nuclear warfare
commitment of troops without congressional approval
civilian control of the military
morality of nuclear warfare
At the beginning of World War II, national debate focused on whether the United States should continue the policy of
coexistence
containment
imperialism
isolationism
solationism
In the 1920's and 1930's, the rise of totalitarian governments in Germany, Italy, and Spain was largely the result of
the success of the Communists in establishing a command economy in the Soviet Union
severe economic and social problems that arose in Europe after World War I
the active support of the United States
movements demanding the return of the old monarchies
severe economic and social problems that arose in Europe after World War I
The harsh conditions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles after World War I helped lay the foundation for the
rise of fascism Germany
uprisings during the French Revolution
division of Korea along the 38th parallel
Bolshevik Revolution in Russia
rise of fascism Germany
Fascism in Europe during the 1920's and 1930's is best described as a
demonstration of laissez-faire capitalism that promoted free enterprise
form of totalitarianism that glorified the state above the individual
type of economic system that stressed a classless society
set of humanist ideas that emphasized the dignity and worth of the individual
form of totalitarianism that glorified the state above the individual
In the 1930's, the Japanese government followed a policy of imperialism primarily to
acquire new sources of raw materials
spread Zen Buddhism throughout Asia
sell more consumer goods to European nations
spread the ideas of bushido
In the 1930's, the Japanese government followed a policy of imperialism primarily to
acquire new sources of raw materials
spread Zen Buddhism throughout Asia
sell more consumer goods to European nations
spread the ideas of bushido
acquire new sources of raw materials