Abnormal Psychology :)
Terms in this set (37)
The psychology of atypical patterns of thinking, feeling, and behavior.
the idea that psychological disorders have physical causes and can be treated, diagnosed, and cured through hospitalization.
Advocated for humane treatment of mentally ill. Created the medical model of mental health.
A criteria for a diagnosis of a psychological disorder. Thought, feeling, behavior that is NOT normal
A criteria for a diagnosis of a psychological disorder. Thought, feeling, behavior patterns that cause stress to the individual.
A criteria for a diagnosis of a psychological disorder. Thought, feeling, behavior patterns that affect one's ability to do basic functions like finding love, holding a job, or interacting with others
A significant disturbance in one's thought, feeling, or behavior
The book used by mental health professionals to diagnosis mental health disorders in patients.
Theory that psychological disorders are caused by biological, social, and psychological factors
Ex: Anorexia is caused by biological factors like one's brain chemistry, psychological factors like stress, and social factors like standards of beauty in society
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
An anxiety disorder in which one is continually tense, apprehensive, and aroused with no clear cause. The person experience free floating anxiety.
An anxiety disorder characterized by random episodes of intense terror (panic attacks) and hyperarousal. Frequently occurs alongside agoraphobia
A fear or being in public, or public spaces.
A sudden minutes long episode of intense fear, dread, and out of control arousal.
Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
A disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or largely uncontrollabe actions that relieve the anxiety caused by those thoughts.
Ex: The intrusive thought of a break-in causes the behavior of checking the door to see if it's locked.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
A disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, and social withdrawal caused by lingering stress from a previous traumatic experiences.
Ex: Amanda, two years after a car accident, still has flashbacks to the moment which keep her up at night and make her unable to function.
Major Depressive Disorder
A mood disorder characterized by 1) persistent negative emotion and 2) loss of interest or pleasure.
A mood disorder in which a person alternates between of hopeless and lethargic depression to restless and optimistic states of mania.
Stage of bipolar disorder characterized by hyperactivity, optimism, sleeplessness, an abundance of motivation, and risk taking behavior.
Dwelling on negative events by constantly recalling and overanalyzing them.
How we mentally explain our shortcomings and failures.
State of mind in which one has lost touch with reality - experiences irrational thoughts and hallucinations.
Psychotic disorder characterized by delusions, paranoia, auditory hallucinations, and irregular emotional expression
Symptom of schizophrenia. A false belief that is intensely held and larger-than-life.
Ex: Jack irrationally believes that he has the antidote to a poison that he believes is being used on the population by the government.
Symptom of schizophrenia. A random and incoherent collection of thoughts and phrases that make no sense. Caused by a breakdown in selective attention.
Symptom of schizophrenia. Sensory experiences without a stimulus.
Ex: Schizophrenics hear voices that aren't there.
Symptom of schizophrenia. A severe reduction in emotional expressiveness.
Ex: Joe, a schizophrenic, doesn't show any emotion. He doesn't laugh when a joke is told or cry when hears bad news.
abnormality of movement and behavior arising from a disturbed mental state
Ex: Miriam shakes back and forth when in a psychotic episode
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia
Symptoms that are in addition to the average persons normal experience. Ex: Delusions, hallucinations, word salad
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia
Symptoms that take away from a normal persons experience. Ex: Catatonia, flat affect, lack of selective attention
The involuntary separation of mental processes, especially identity.
Ex: out-of-body experiences, feeling unreal, remembering someone else's memories, feeling as though you are thinking from another person's mind.
Forgetting traumatic events or entire periods of one's life.
Ex: Ashley does not remember anything from the ages of 12-17 when she lived with her abusive mother
Assumption of a new identity and flight away from one's area of residence.
Ex: Miranda who's experienced a lot of stress at work and recently had a traumatic miscarriage unknowingly moves to a new city and takes on a brand new identity.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
A rare disorder in which a person separates from aspects of their identity and embraces others; two or more personalities.
Disorder characterized by an excessive desire to lose weight and severe calorie restriction.
Disorder characterized by a binge - purge cycle, in which one overeats and vomits to avoid gaining weight.
Anti-social Personality Disorder
A personality disorder characterized by a long term pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others. These people have a lack of a conscience and frequently manipulate and take advantage of others.
Histrionic Personality Disorder
a personality disorder characterized by excessive emotionality and preoccupation with being the center of attention; emotional shallowness; overly dramatic behavior