30 terms

The Aryan Race

Hitler's actions to have a "Nordiac" or pure race, this included sterilzation and geneitcs distrubeute.
A begining of a Master Race
Soon after Hitler took power, the Nazis formulated policy based on their vision of a biologically "pure" population to create an "Aryan master race."
Found on :http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/USHMMHAN.HTM top of page; First Paragraph
The Sterilization Law
The "Sterilization Law" explained the importance of weeding out so-called genetic defects from the total German gene pool:
Since the National Revolution public opinion has become increasingly preoccupied with questions of demographic policy and the continuing decline in the birthrate. However, it is not only the decline in population which is a cause for serious concern but equally the increasingly evident genetic composition of our people. Whereas the hereditarily healthy families have for the most part adopted a policy of having only one or two children, countless numbers of inferiors and those suffering from hereditary conditions are reproducing unrestrainedly while their sick and asocial offspring burden the community.

found on: http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/USHMMHAN.HTM top of page; second paragraph.
"Euthanasia" Killings"
Forced sterilization in Germany was the forerunner of the systematic killing of the mentally ill and the handicapped. In
October 1939, Hitler himself initialed a decree which empowered physicians to grant a "mercy death" to "patients considered incurable according to the best available human judgment of their state of health." found on:
Middle of page; under title "Euthanasia" Killings"
The forced sterilizations began in January 1934, and altogether an estimated 300,000 to 400,000 people were sterilized under the law. A diagnosis of "feeble-mindedness" provided the grounds in the majority of cases, followed by schizophrenia and epilepsy. The majority of those sterilized were between the ages of twenty and forty, about equally divided between men and women. Most were "Aryan" Germans.
found on: http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/USHMMHAN.HTM
under Euthanasia Killings
Selective Genetics Turns a New Idea
Eugenicists believed the human race could be improved by controlled breeding. Found On: http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/USHMMHAN.HTM
Doing things Secretly
Fearful of public reaction, the Nazi regime never proposed a formal "euthanasia" law. Unlike the forced sterilizations, the
killing of patients in mental asylums and other institutions was carried out in secrecy. The code name was "Operation T4", a reference to Tiergartenstrasse 4, the address of the Berlin Chancellery offices where the program was headquartered
found on:http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/USHMMHAN.HTM
Targeted on Certain People
One of Hitler's personal physicians, Dr. Karl Brandt, headed the program, along with Hitler's Chancellery chief, Philip Bouhler. T4 targeted adult patients in all government- or church-run santeria and nursing homes, the elderly. found on: http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/USHMMHAN.HTM bottom of page.
Decieving the Victims
The doomed were bused to killing centers in Germany and Austria--walled-in fortresses, mostly former psychiatric
hospitals, castles and a former prison--at Hartheim, Sonnenstein, Grafeneck, Bernburg, Hadamar, and Brandenburg. In the beginning, patients were killed by lethal injection. But by 1940, Hitler, on the advice of Dr. Werner Heyde, suggested that carbon monoxide gas be used as the preferred method of killing. There, gas chambers were disguised as showers complete with fake nozzles in order to deceive victims. Found on: http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/USHMMHAN.HTM bottom of page.
T4 is revealed
The secrecy surrounding the T4 program broke down quickly. Some staff members were indiscreet while drinking in local pubs after work. Despite precautions, errors were made: hairpins turned up in urns sent to relatives of male victims; the cause of death was listed as appendicitis when the patient had the appendix removed years before. The town of Hadamar school pupils called the gray transport buses "killing crates" and threatened each other with the taunt, "You'll end up in the Hadamar ovens!" The thick smoke from the incinerator was said to be visible every day over Hadamar (where, in mid-summer 1941, the staff celebrated the cremation of their 10,000th patient with beer and wine served in the crematorium).
Found on:
Hitler puts a hault......or thats what we think he does?
Hitler ordered a halt to Operation T4 on August 24, 1941. Gas chambers from some of the euthanasia killing centers were
dismantled and shipped to extermination camps in occupied Poland. In late 1941 and 1942, they were rebuilt and used for the "final solution to the Jewish question." Found on
The racism and ayran idea continues...
Hitler's regime continued to send to physicians and the general public the message that mental patients were "useless eaters"
and "life unworthy of life. found on:
The deathly numbers.
In all, between 200,000 and 250,000 mentally and physically handicapped persons were murdered from 1939 to 1945 under
the T-4 and other "euthanasia" programs. The magnitude of these crimes and the extent to which they prefigured the "final solution" continue to be studied. Further, in an age of genetic engineering and renewed controversy over mercy killings of the incurably ill, ethical and moral issues of concern to physicians, scientists, and lay persons alike remain vital. found on: http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/people/USHMMHAN.HTM
The Detailed Arayan Look
The Arayans were considered the "Blonde and Blue Eyed" type of person, but Hitler and his minions were very specific on the look of the Noradiac Race.
Here are some of the requirements:
narrow forehead
narrow high-built nose
lower jaw
prominent chin
rosy bright skin
hair is either, very smooth, or very wavy-possibly curly in childhood
-These were just a few of the brutual requirements.
-From Leaflet, "The Nazi Race", 1929
-Found on http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/gcselinks/sourcework/masterrace.pdf
The Basic Aryan look
-Hitler wanted a pure race, consisting of women and men having blonde hair and blue eyes. All of them had to be white. The men
were supposed to be very muscular, while the women were supposed to be very "fragile" and light looking. None of them were allowed to have any disabilities or any strong flaws.
Nazi Rasim Spreading to many people
The Nazis used public displays to spread their ideas of race. The chart shown here is titled "The Biology of Growth," and is
labeled "Stages of Growth for Members of the Nordic Race."
— National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Md.
found on: http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10007679&MediaId=6993
Teachers Start with the Children
They measured skull size and nose length, and recorded the color of their pupils' hair and eyes to determine whether students
belonged to the true "Aryan race
found on: http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10007679&MediaId=6993
Taking away from the "inferior"
The Nazis began to put their ideology into practice with the support of German scientists who believed that the human race
could be improved by limiting the reproduction of people considered "inferior". found on: http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10007679&MediaId=6993
Sterilization Starts:
Beginning in 1933, German physicians were allowed to perform forced sterilizations, operations making it impossible for the
victims to have children.
found on: http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10007679&MediaId=6993
Hitler's idea
"The lost purity of the blood alone destroys inner happiness forever, plunges man into the abyss for all time, and the consequences can never more be eliminated from body and spirit."- Hitler.
Found on: www.hitler.org/writings/Mein_Kampf/mkv1ch11.html
Many Organizations Contributed
One such organization was the Thule Society, which later was called the National Socialist German Workers Party or the Nazi
party. Adolf Hitler was asked to join after enthusiastically stating his views at one of their meetings in a beer hall. He had witnessed {trench warfare} at its worse during World War I. found on thinkquest.org
Racial Mixture was forbidden
It shows with terrifying clarity that in every mingling of Aryan blood with that of lower peoples the result was the end of the
cultured people. North America, whose population consists in by far the largest part of Germanic elements who mixed but little with the lower colored peoples, shows a different humanity and culture from Central and South America, where the predominantly Latin immigrants often mixed with the aborigines on a large scale. By this one example, we can clearly and distinctly recognize the effect of racial mixture.-Hitler
found on: www.hitler.org
Hitler was very serious about "Racial Purity".
Measurements of heads, eyes, nose, blood were required. The vast majority of the early experiments were a propaganda sham.
found on:remeber.org
Needing a New Enemy
The pride of the country was also lost. They were forbidden to raise an Army. The government grew weak and the people felt
defeated They needed someone or something to blame for the defeat. The Jews were singled out, as they seemed an easy target. Hitler began his rise in 1919 by joining the Germans Workers' Party. This group talked about the state of the government, the country before WWI, the communists that now led Russia and the Jews (the new enemy).
Found: Thinkquest.org
Hitler wasn't the only one
Mengele wanted to create a "pure" Aryan race, and to make German mothers give birth to as many German children as possible. Remeber.org
Sterilization at Concentration Camps
To come up with an effective means of sterilizing millions of people with a minimum of time and effort, doctors at Auschwitz
, Ravensbruck, and elsewhere conducted experiments on both men and women. pbs.org
Eugenics was the racist pseudoscience determined to wipe away all human beings deemed "unfit," preserving only those
who conformed to a Nordic stereotype. Elements of the philosophy were enshrined as national policy by forced sterilization. hhn.us
Hitler's Quotes
Believe me, National Socialism would not be worth anything if it were to be confined to Germany and did not secure the rule of
the superior race over the whole world for at least one or two thousand years-Hitler. found: libery-tree.ca
Eugenetics continues
public health officials, and academics in the biomedical fields, on the political left and right. Serving on government committees
and conducting research on heredity, experts warned that if the nation did not produce more fit children, it was headed for extinction. A growing faction, linking eugenics to race, championed the long-headed, fair "Nordics" as "eugenically advantageous" and discussed "race mixing" as a source of biological degeneration. Eugenic ideas were absorbed into the ideology and platform of the nascent Nazi Party during the 1920s.
found: ushmm.org
Children with birth-defects would die instantly
"A people of good race which has too few children has a one-way ticket to the grave." found on ushmm.org
The Final Solution
The "Final Solution to the Jewish Question" began as special squads of SS and police followed German forces into the Soviet
Union and killed more than one million Jews in open-air shootings. But the psychological stress of shooting men, women, and children face-to-face led SS chief Heinrich Himmler to seek a "cleaner" and "more efficient" method of killing. He turned to the example of the euthanasia murder program, and gassing was introduced, but on a vastly larger scale. found on: ushmm.org