AP Review: People/Names
Terms in this set (28)
child development; investigated how culture & interpersonal communication guide development; zone of proximal development; play research
Austrian neurologist known for his work on the unconscious mind. Father of psychoanalysis.
researcher famous for work in observational or social learning including the famous Bobo doll experiment
phantom limb experiment
did study in which healthy patients were admitted to psychiatric hospitals and diagnoses with schizophrenia; showed that once you are diagnosed with a disorder, the label, even when behavior indicates otherwise, is hard to overcome in a mental health setting; goal to improve mental health diagnosis
german physiologist who founded psychology as a formal science; opened first psychology research laboratory in 1879
John B. Watson
founder of behaviorism; emphasis on external behaviors of people and their reactions on a given situation; famous for Little Albert study in which baby was taught to fear a white rat
1875-1961; Field: neo-Freudian, analytic psychology; Contributions: people had conscious and unconscious awareness; archetypes; collective unconscious; libido is all types of energy, not just sexual; Studies: dream studies/interpretation
Four stage theory of cognitive development: 1. sensorimotor, 2. preoperational, 3. concrete operational, and 4. formal operational. He said that the two basic processes work in tandem to achieve cognitive growth-assimilation and accomodation
founder of functionalism; studied how humans use perception to function in our environment
Margaret Floy Washburn
First female to be awarded a PhD in psychology; 2nd president of the APA (1921)
A neo-Freudian psychologist that hypothesized that people face pass through 8 social development stages from infancy to old age. Each challenge has an outcome that affects a persons social and personality development.
cognition and memory; studied repressed memories and false memories; showed how easily memories could be changed and falsely created by techniques such as leading questions and illustrating the inaccuracy in eyewitness testimony
Humanistic psychologist known for his "Hierarchy of Needs" and the concept of "self-actualization"
1885-1952; Field: neo-Freudian, psychodynamic; Contributions: criticized Freud, stated that personality is molded by current fears and impulses, rather than being determined solely by childhood experiences and instincts, neurotic trends
1905-1981; Field: development; Contributions: realized that touch is preferred in development; Studies: Rhesus monkeys, studied attachment of infant monkeys (wire mothers v. cloth mothers)
developed Yerkes-Dodson law which states that performance is best at intermediate levels of arousal
Weber's Law calculates the difference threshold
1928-present; Field: language; Contributions: disagreed with Skinner about language acquisition, stated there is an infinite # of sentences in a language, humans have an inborn native ability to develop language; language acquisition device
James + Lange
both theorized that we have a physiological reaction then experience the emotion
1934-present; Field: emotion; Contributions: found that facial expressions are universal
Famous for his theory of moral development in children; made use of moral dilemmas in assessment
17th century French philosopher; wrote Discourse on Method; 1st principle "i think therefore i am"; believed mind and matter were completly seperate; known as father of modern rationalism
tabula rasa (blank state)
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
French surgeon and neuroanatomist who in 1861 discovered an area on the lower left frontal lobe of the cerebral cortex that, when damaged, produces speech disturbances but no loss of comprehension
railroad worker who survived a severe brain injury that dramatically changed his personality and behavior; case played a role in the development of the understanding of the localization of brain function
had his hippocampus removed from his brain, which disabled him to create new long term memories.