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process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food
organism that cannot make its own food and must feed on other organisms for energy and nutrients
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
one of the principal chemical compounds that cells use to store and release energy
sac-like photosynthetic membrane within chloroplasts; location of light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis
tiny hair-like extensions that increase the surface area of the root allowing it to absorbs more water and nurtients
openings in the underside of a leaf that allow carbon dioxide and oxygen to diffuse into and out of the leaf
phase of photosynthsis where light energy is converted to chemical energy in form of ATP and NADPH, resulting in the splitting of water and the release of oxygen
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to convert carbon dioxide into high-energy compounds such as sugars
one of the carrier molecules that transfers high-energy electrons from chlorophyll to other molecules
the electron carrier that is made during the light dependent reactions and used in the Calvin cycle
an enzyme that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP
adenosine diphosphate ADP
A nucleotide consisting of adenine, ribose, and two phosphate groups; formed by the removal of one phosphate from an ATP molecule.
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