Civil Rights Vocabulary
Terms in this set (27)
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Group of students involved in Freedom Rides, sit ins, etc. It emerged from a student meeting in the 1960's led by Ella Baker.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
a landmark constitutional law case of the US Supreme Court. It upheld state racial segregation laws for public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
a form of controlling someone by restraining, stifling, or holding them back
an action or policy favoring those who tent to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
A major organization which promotes the rights of black people. It was formed in 1909 and is still strong today.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites and repress blacks
Not complying to discriminatory laws in a peaceful manner such as lunch-counter sit-ins, marches and boycotts
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Civil rights organization that advocated nonviolent protest; formed in 1957 by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and other leaders. It's goal was to end all forms of segregation in a peaceful way.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
an interracial group founded in 1944 by James Farmer to work against segregation in Northern cities
mixing the Caucasian and the Black races. They were able to use/go to the same places.
a tax forced on adults equally in order for them to vote- discriminates against poor adults
A group of laws that prevented integration of the schools. The term was coined by US Senator Harry F. Byrd.
Depriving black people the right to vote
Ku Klux Klan
A group of unidentified people clothed in white. They would bomb, beat, lynch and shoot black and white activists.
de facto discrimination
discrimination that was practiced by not ordained (made legal) by the law
a group of bus riders (black and white) who were on a mission to desegregate the country
the refusal to obey certain laws as a form of political protest
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
An act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest.
The practice of being intolerantly devoted to one's own opinions and prejudices; one who regards or treats the members of a group (as racial or ethnic) with hatred and intolerance.
The helped Blacks feel empowered in their rights. It sometimes carried "connotations of violence and separatism."
Originally was any extrajudicial (outside of the law) punishment (tarring, feathering, etc.) referring specifically to murder. Later, it was associated with hanging.
These tests were used to keep people of color, and sometimes poor whites, from voting.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law passed to assure that the right of all citizens of the US to vote is not denied on account of race or color.
sitting in the "White Only" section at the lunch counter
Separate but equal
segregated schools, train cars, sections on the bus, restaurants, etc.
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