PASS Terms for ELA (CBM)
Terms in this set (51)
A ____________________is the base, or main part, or a word. It cannot stand alone as a word.
An ____________________is a set of letters that is added to a root and makes a new word with a new meaning.
A ____________________is an affix attached to the beginning of a root.
A ____________________is an affix attached to the end of a root.
A ____________________is a word or phrase surrounding an unknown word that helps a reader understand its meaning.
A ____________________is a word that has more than one definition.
An ____________________is an expression used in a region or within a culture that cannot be understood simply by knowing the literal meaning of its individual words.
A ____________________is a word or phrase used in place of a term that might be considered unpleasant, harsh, or offensive.
____________________is a word's dictionary definition.
____________________is the emotional weight a word carries apart from its dictionary definition.
A ____________________is what a text is mostly about.
A ____________________supports, or backs up, the main idea.
In ____________________, an author states a point of view and then gives reasons and examples to convince the reader to agree.
____________________is a personal judgment in favor of or against someone or something.
____________________is writing that is one-sided and biases and is typically distributed to large numbers of people.
A ____________________is a vague appeal, making use of language and concepts that carry positive connotations, instead of using logic and facts.
____________________are elements in a text that organize information and make it easier to understand.
A ____________________is a word or phrase above a section of text that introduces the topic of that section.
____________________are the different fonts and sizes of letters in a text.
A ____________________is an alphabetical listing of words and their definitions in the back of a book.
____________________are charts, graphs, and other visual aids that organize information and present it in an easy-to-read format.
A ____________________is a diagram or table that may include columns, rows, and headings.
An ____________________is an educated guess based on evidence in the text and a reader's prior knowledge.
A ____________________is a decision a reader makes after reading a text and putting all the clues together.
A ____________________is a person, animal, or other creature in a story.
A ____________________is a struggle or problem faced by a character in a story (external and internal).
____________________do not change during a story.
____________________undergo a significant change by the end of the story.
____________________are one-dimensional, having only one or two main characteristics.
____________________have depth, with multiple characteristics - more like a real person.
A________________narrator is a character in the story. This narrator can only tell what he or she thinks and does.
An ____________________narrator knows everything about all the characters and events at all times and is not a part of the story.
A ____________________narrator is not a part of the story and knows what only one character is thinking.
A ____________________narrator speaks directly to the reader.
A ____________________is a technique an author uses to affect the reader.
A ____________________is a comparison of two things using the word like or as.
A ____________________is a direct comparison of two things without using the word like or as.
An ____________________is a metaphor used throughout a text and which is central to the text's meaning.
____________________is an exaggeration made to emphasize a point.
____________________is giving human qualities to nonhuman things, such as an animal, an object, or an abstract idea like time.
An ____________________is a phrase that combines two contradictory words.
____________________is the author's attitude toward a subject.
____________________is the use of descriptive words that appeal to the five senses (sight, smell, hearing, touch, and taste) and create a picture in the reader's mind.
____________________is when the present action in a story is paused to describe an earlier event.
____________________is a clue about what is going to happen in a story.
____________________is the use of a concrete object to represent an abstract idea.
____________________is the use of language that expresses the opposite of what a character or narrator really means.
____________________is when the expected result of a situation is different from the actual result.
____________________is when the audience has information that a character does not, and this lack of knowledge affects the character's actions.
A ____________________is a main message or lesson in a text. It expresses general statements that go beyond the specific events of the text.
To ___________________the text is to explain its meaning.
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