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Social Studies Chapter 9 Test
Terms in this set (71)
The government should not interfere in the economy
The authority of the Supreme Court to strike down unconstitutional laws
A long and carefully organized journey
The place on a continent that separates river systems flowing in opposite directions
Money paid by one country to another in return for protection
A government order that forbids foreign trade
The act of illegally importing or exporting goods
Pride in one's country
Those who were eager for war with Britain
The action of shutting a port or road to prevent people or supplies from coming into an area or leaving it
What U.S. state were both Lewis and Clark born in?
What are Lewis and Clark most known for?
Exploring the Louisiana Territory and the Pacific Northwest
What was the first name of Lewis of the famous Lewis and Clark explorers?
What U.S. president hired Lewis and Clark to explore the land west of the United States?
What U.S. city did the expedition of Lewis and Clark begin in?
What river did the Lewis and Clark expedition follow during the first part of their trip?
Who was Sacagawea?
A Native American woman who helped Lewis and Clark as guide and interpreter
What Native American tribe gave Lewis and Clark food and shelter after they made it through the Rocky Mountains?
Around how long did it take Lewis and Clark to get to the Pacific Ocean?
One and a half years
True or False: The Lewis and Clark expedition would have likely failed were it not for the help of Native American tribes along the way
What year did the United States make the Louisiana Purchase?
What future U.S. president traveled to France to make the deal?
Who was leader of France at the time of the purchase?
How much did the U.S. pay for the Louisiana Territory?
True or False: All of the U.S. Congress supported the purchase
What famous explorers traveled up the Missouri River and to the Pacific Ocean?
Lewis and Clark
What port city did Thomas Jefferson originally set out to purchase from France?
Who was the U.S. president at the time of the purchase?
The land of the Louisiana Purchase was to the west of what major river?
What country owned the land before France?
He was the 3rd president of the United States. He made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and sent out Lewis and Clark to explore it
Jefferson's running mate; he also received 73 votes
The outcome of the case forever changed the relationship of the three branches of government. In his ruling, he spoke for a unanimous Court. He ruled that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional.
Jefferson chose him to lead the exploration; he was an army captain
Lewis chose him as his co-leader; he is an army officer
From 1805 to 1807, he explored the southern part of the Louisiana Territory
To keep the pirates from using the ship, 60 American sailors led by Stephen Decatur raided Tripoli harbor and burned the Philadelphia down to the waterline
After 1805, two Shawnee brothers, Tenskwatawa and Tecumseh, began urging Native American resistance. Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa called on Native Americans to preserve traditional ways. He organized the western tribes into a league to restore Indian lands. He traveled widely spreading his message
William Henry Harrison
He was governor of the Indiana Territory; he decided to take action. He marched a thousand soldiers against Shawnee villages on the Tippecanoe River. In the Battle of Tippecanoe, he defeated the Native Americans
Oliver Hazard Perry
During the Battle of Lake Erie, the American flagship was badly damaged. He switched to another ship and continued the fight until it was won. He announced his victory with a dramatic message: "We have met the enemy and they are ours." With Americans in control of the lake, the British were forced to leave Detroit and retreat back into Canada; he was an American commander
He took command of American forces in Georgia. In March 1814, he defeated the Creeks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. The treaty that ended the fighting forced the Creeks to give up millions of acres of land
Which amendment changed how electors voted?
The 12th Amendment - electors would vote separately for president and Vice President
What was Jefferson's first goal as president?
It was to limit the federal government's power over states and citizens
Who was the first president to be inaugurated in Washington D.C.?
What four countries were known as the Barbary States?
Morocco, Algiers, Tunisia, and Tripoli
Why were the United States unprepared for the War of 1812?
Jefferson's spending cuts had weakened American military strength. The navy had only 16 warships ready for action. The army also was small, with fewer than 7,000 men
What happened when General William Hull invaded Canada?
He feared that he did not have enough soldiers so he retreated. The British commander, General Isaac Brock, took advantage of Hull's confusion. His army of British soldiers and Native American warriors quickly surrounded Hull's army and forced it to surrender. The British captured more than 2,000 American soldiers. It was a serious defeat for the Unites States
Why did the election of 1800 have to be decided in the House of Representatives?
Aaron Burr and Thomas Jefferson both received 73 electoral votes
What were Lewis and Clark's expedition goals?
To find a water route to the Pacific, report on the geography, plants and animals, and make contact with Native Americans
Large area of American West sold to the U.S. by France after France lost Haiti and needed money for their war efforts
The election deadlock was resolved by:
The House of Representatives
The Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional because:
The powers came from the Constitution
Strengthen with additional troops
Francis Scott Key
He wrote The Star Spangled Banner
John Stafford Smith
Composer of "The Anacreontic Song" that became the musical source of the tune for the U.S. national anthem "The Star-Spangled Banner."
Baltimore fort which the Americans defended after Washington burned
Treaty of Ghent
Peace agreement that ended the War of 1812
Battle of New Orleans
It was fought after the Treaty of Ghent was signed; the War of 1812 was over too; Andrew Jackson won a stunning victory over the British
Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State; later president of the United States during the War of 1812
She was the First Lady; she saved many important items from the fire
Who was the federalist presidential candidate?
Who was the republican presidential candidate?
Why were the Barbary Pirates a threat?
They stole property and enslaved sailors
How did Jefferson respond to the Barbary Pirates?
He sent warships to patrol the Mediterranean
What were the results of the Embargo?
Americans lost their jobs; crop prices dropped; people started smuggling
Why did the New Englanders oppose the war?
It would harm trade
The war did not come at a good time for Britain because:
They were also at war with Europe
U.S. General William Hull invaded:
British General Isaac Brock captured ___________ soldiers
What battle did General William Henry Harrison win?
The Battle of Thames
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