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Terms in this set (55)
66. The red scare of 1919-1920 was provoked by
d. the public's fear that labor troubles were sparked by communist and anarchist revolutionaries
67. Disillusioned by war and peace, Americans in the 1920s did all of the following except
c. struggle to achieve economic prosperity.
68. Businesspeople used the red scare to
b. break the backs of fledgling unions.
69. The most tenacious pursuer of radical elements during the red scare of the early 1920s was
e. A. Mitchell Palmer.
70. The post-World War I Ku Klux Klan advocated all of the following except
c. opposition to prohibition.
71. The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was a reaction against
e. the forces of diversity and modernity that were transforming American culture.
72. With 5 million members at its peak in the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan was known for all of the following except
b. its Catholicism.
73. The Ku Klux Klan virtually collapsed in the late 1920s when
b. the organization was publicly exposed as a corrupt and cynical racket.
74. Immigration restrictions of the 1920s were introduced as a result of
b. the nativist belief that northern Europeans were superior to southern and eastern Europeans.
75. Cultural pluralists like Horace Kallen and Randolph Bourne generally advocated that
d. immigrants should be able to retain their traditional cultures rather than blend into a single American melting pot.
76. The Immigration Act of 1924 discriminated directly against
e. southern and eastern Europeans and Japanese.
77. One of the primary obstacles to working class solidarity and organization in America was
a. ethnic diversity.
78. During the 1920s and after, many American immigrant ethnic groups
c. lived in neighborhoods with their own churches or synagogues, newspapers, and theaters.
79. Enforcement of the Volstead Act met the strongest resistance from
b. immigrants and big-city residents.
80. The religion of almost all Polish immigrants to America was
d. Roman Catholicism.
81. Many Polish peasants learned about America from all of the following sources except
d. Catholic missionaries.
82. The zeal of federal agents in enforcing prohibition laws against liquor smugglers strained U.S. diplomatic relations with
83. Although speakeasies and hard liquor flourished, historians argue that prohibition wasn't entirely a failure for all of the following reasons except
d. crime levels decreased.
84. The most spectacular example of lawlessness and gangsterism in the 1920s was
85. Besides controlling the illegal liquor industry, American gangsters in the 1920s earned rich profits
from all of the following activities except
86. Top gangster Al Capone was finally convicted and sent to prison for the crime of
b. income tax evasion.
87. John Dewey can rightly be called the "father of ____."
b. progressive education
88. According to John Dewey, a teacher's primary goal is to
c. educate students for life by active learning methods.
89. Of the following, the one least related to the other four is
c. Frederick W. Taylor.
90. The immediate outcome of the 1925 Scopes Trial was that
d. biology teacher John Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution and fined.
91. After the Scopes "Monkey Trial"
e. fundamentalist religion remained a vibrant force in American spiritual life.
92. All of the following helped to make the prosperity of the 1920s possible except
a. government stimulation of the economy.
93. The main problem faced by American manufacturers in the 1920s involved
b. developing expanded markets of people to buy their products.
94. In response to the need to develop greater and greater mass markets for their products, American business in the 1920s relied especially on the new techniques of
d. consumer advertising.
95. During the 1920s, the new system of buying on credit resulted in all of the following except
e. it led to huge defaults on monies owed.
96. The prosperity that developed in the 1920s
a. was accompanied by a cloud of consumer debt.
97. Among the major figures promoted by mass media image makers and the new sports industry in the 1920s were
c. Babe Ruth and Jack Dempsey.
98. Henry Ford's most distinctive contribution to the automobile industry was
e. production of a standardized, relatively inexpensive automobile.
99. Frederick W. Taylor, a prominent inventor and engineer, was best known for his
d. promotion of industrial efficiency and scientific management.
100. Which of the following was not among the industries that prospered mightily with widespread use of the automobile?
101. The automobile revolution resulted in all of the following except
b. the increased dependence of women on men.
102. Car advertisements reached out to women in all of the following ways except
b. illustrating that families could afford one car for wives and another for husbands.
103. Charles Lindbergh's solo flight across the Atlantic made him an American hero especially because
c. his wholesome youthfulness contrasted with the cynicism and debunking of the jazz age.
104. The first talkie motion picture was
e. The Jazz Singer.
105. The American airline industry in the 1920s made most of its early profits through
a. mail contracts with the federal government.
106. The American radio industry was distinctive from radio in European nations because it
e. was a commercial business dependent on advertising.
107. Automobiles, radios, and motion pictures
b. contributed to the standardization of American life.
108. The 1920 census revealed that, for the first time, most
c. Americans lived in cities.
109. Margaret Sanger was most noted for her advocacy of
c. birth control.
110. Job opportunities for women in the 1920s
e. tended to cluster in a few low-paying fields.
111. To justify their new sexual frankness, many Americans pointed to
d. the theories of Sigmund Freud.
112. Jazz music was developed by
e. American blacks.
113. The most influential classical film of the 1910s, D.W. Griffiths' Birth of a Nation, stirred extensive protest by African Americans because
d. the film glorified the Ku Klux Klan and portrayed blacks as corrupt politicians or rapists.
114. All of the following are true of Marcus Garvey, founder of the United Negro Improvement Association, except he
b. advocated the idea of developing an elite "talented tenth" to lead African American progress.
115. Match each literary figure below with the correct work.
A. Ernest Hemingway
B. F. Scott Fitzgerald
C. Sinclair Lewis
D. William Faulkner
1. The Sun Also Rises
2. Main Street
3. The Sound and the Fury
4. The Great Gatsby
d. A-1, B-4, C-2, D-3
116. The Harlem Renaissance can best be described as
a. a celebration of black culture and creative expression
117. Buying stock on margin meant purchasing
e. it on credit with only a small down payment.
118. The leading cultural critic of the 1920s, H.L. Mencken, attacked all of the following except
119. Which of the following was not among prominent African American cultural figures of the 1920s?
b. Ralph Ellison
120. As secretary of the treasury, Andrew Mellon placed the heaviest tax burden on
a. middle-income groups.
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