Yarns in detail

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Terms in this set (...)

crepe yarn
have the highest number TPI; unbalanced because they twist and kink when removed from the fabric
single yarn
simplest type with only one strand
ply yarn
combines two or more single yarns
cord
twists ply yarns together, used in fabrics such as duck and canvas
fancy yarns
yarns that deliberately have unlike parts and that are irregular at intervals
slub yarn
a spun fancy yarn, thick-and-thin; thicker part is twisted less, thinner part is twisted more
found in: shantung fancy yarn
spiral or corkscrew yarn
have two or more plies, that may differ i twist, size, type and/or color; fancy yarn
ratiné yarn
effect ply is twisted in a spiral arrangement around the ground ply; at intervals, a longer loop throws itself out, kinks back on itself, and is held in place by the binder; fancy yarn
knot, spot, nub yarn
made by twisting the effect ply many times in the same place; binder is added during the twisting operation; fancy yarn
snarl yarn (spike)
effect ply forms alternating open loops along both sides of the yarn; fancy yarn
bouclé yarn (loop)
closed loops at regular intervals along the yarn; fancy yarn
metallic yarns
may be monofilament fibers or combined in ply yarns; made from plastic fibers of nylon or polyester split film made of many layers; fancy yarn
chenille
made by cutting a specially woven ladderlike fabric into warpwise strips; "caterpillar"; fancy yarn
core-spun yarn
soft fabric encases an elastomeric core; used in athletic apparel, adds comfort and absorbency
flake/flock yarn
speckled yarn from carded fibers