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45 terms

Ch 9 Urinary System

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anuria
absence of urine formation
catheterization
using a tube inserted into the bladder or vessels to obtain specimens, to look, or to keep the vessel open
cystalgia
pain in the urinary bladder
cystectomy
surgical removal of all or part of the urinary bladder
cystopexy
the surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall
diuresis
increased formation and secretion of urine
dysuria
painful or difficult urination
enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine
epispadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
glomerulonephritis
inflammation of the kidney glomerulus
glomerulus
a ball of capillaries surrounded by a glomerular capsule in the nephron; the site of filtration in the kidneys
hemodialysis
dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream
hydronephrosis
accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter
hydroureter
the distention of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked
hypospadias
an abnormal condition in males in which the urethra opens on the under surface of the penis
incontinence
involuntary urination or defecation
interstitial cystitis
chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder
meatotomy
Incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening.
micturition
the process of urinating
nephrectasis
the distention (enlarged or stretched) of the pelvis or kidney
nephroptosis
downward displacement of a kidney
nephropyosis
discharge or formation of pus in the kidney
nephrotic syndrome
a group of clinical signs and symptoms caused by excessive protein loss in the urine
nocturia
excessive urination at night
oliguria
production of an abnormally small amount of urine
paraspadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethral opening is on the side of the penis
peritoneal dialysis
procedure for removing toxic wastes when the kidney is unable to do so
polyuria
excessive urination
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
uremia
excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure
ureterectasis
distention of the ureter
vesicovaginal fissure
an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina
dia-
through
-cele
hernia
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
-ectasis
expansion or dilation of an organ
glomerul/o
glomerulus (small ball)
nephr/o
kidney
-pexy
surgical fixation
pyel/o
renal pelvis
ren/o
kidney
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
-uria
urination, condition of urine