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Period 1-9 All Terms
Terms in this set (64)
North American indigenous people, like the Mayans and Aztecs, harvested corn. Corn was able to easily grow in North America because of the fertile land. Corn allowed their population to grow tremendously and focus on advancing their technology. It also served a big part in indigenous culture as they believed that people came from corn.
The trade connecting the New World and Old World. Objects that were traded include livestock, plants, technology, culture, and diseases. This trade led to the destruction of the indigenous people and their culture as disease spread and as the Europeans converted them to their own culture. This also benefited Europe as they were able to obtain more crops by using the New World land as colonies.
Companies that sold parts of their company (joints) to others, which financed the company and allowed them to do their deeds. These companies include the British East India Company and Dutch East India Company. This led to an increase in European conquest in the New World as the companies helped conquer and reside the countries. They would also focus more on conquering different nations and taking their resources.
Forced labor system where the Spanish conquistadors traded indigenous labor for Christianity. This farmland would be given to them from the monarch. This led to a decrease in indigenous population as the system led to many deaths of the indigenous. This also led to an increase in crop production as people were forced to farm the fields.
Spanish location and goals in New World
The Spanish mainly conquered South American lands. They intended to spread Christianity, gain crops, and gain metals. This led to a massive decrease in indigenous population as the Spanish had to use violence to make the indigenous people reach the Spanish's goals. In turn, the Spanish increased economically with the increase in crop production and metals.
Dutch location and goals in New World
The Dutch resided in Iroquois territory. They intended to gain crops and did it by trading with the Iroquois. This led to a stronger relationship between the Dutch and indigenous. It also benefited both the Dutch and Iroquois as they gained new goods.
French location and goals in New World
The French mainly resided in northern North America and traded with the Indigenous. They intended to get goods and explore. This led to a stronger relationship between France and the indigenous. It also benefited France and the indigenous as they both gained goods.
England location and goals in New World
The English resided in the east coast of North America. They intended to colonize the Americas and control the crop production. This led to a decrease in indigenous population as the English murdered many of them to gain what they needed. Also, it led to an increase in English economics as they gained many crops and land.
Type of forced labor where laborers sign contracts to work for someone for a certain amount of years in exchange for small amounts of money and care. After the years, the servant is freed and is able to do whatever they want. This led to an increase in slavery as it was a better option that did not limit the time of forced labor. This also led to an increased mistreatment of people as many masters had to mistreat indentured servants by making it hard for them to be freed.
Regional differences: Chesapeake, New England, Middle & South
These regions all had different colonies. The Chesapeake had Virginia, New England had Rhode Island, Middle had New York, and South had Georgia. This would lead to different types of production in different cities due to their regional differences. It would also lead to the success rates of different colonies as some regions were more beneficial.
War between indigenous people and the English in the New England region. In the end, the English won with their advantage of iron armor and weapons. This led to the decreased population of the indigenous. It also led to increase English control on the New England region.
The indigenous people revolted against the Spanish conquistadors. In the end, the indigenous people would win and kick the Spanish out. This would lead to a resurgence of indigenous power as the Puebolans won back their land. This would also lead to an increase in Spanish aggression as they would have learned that lesson after their loss.
1st Great Awakening
Christian revivals from 1730s to 1740s. These revivals encouraged the practice of religion and the spread of it. This would lead to an increase in the popularity of Christianity. Also, it would lead to diversity in Christianity as more people started to view it differently.
Ideas created by philosophers, like John Locke, that argued that people had natural rights. These rights would spread throughout Europe and the Americas. This would lead to an increase in revolts as people realize the corruption of rulers. It would also lead to increase change in politics as people are fighting for these natural rights.
Protestant church that focuses on preaching the word of God. This would be done in front of many people. This would lead to increased members of Christianity as the preaching attracted many people.
Atlantic slave trade
Trade between Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Raw materials from the Americas were sent to Western Europe. Western Europe sent used manufactured goods to Africa. Africa sent slaves to the Americas. This would lead to the death of many Africans as the Middle Passage was very dangerous. Also, this would lead to increased Western European power as they gained crops and suppressed African power.
Forced labor where laborer basically becomes property. They had no write, were owned forever, and had to listen to their owners. This would lead to increased African death as many Africans died while being exported to America and from abuse. Also, it led to racism as people began viewing them as inferior.
French and Indian War
The British colonists fought against the French and indigenous people. The intent of this war was to determine who controls North America. This led to a great number of deaths in indigenous people, the French, and British. This also lead to negative relations between France and Britain.
One of the founding fathers of the US. He discovered electricity and helped create the Declaration of Independence. He impacted America by leading it to independence. He also increased the usage of electricity.
American social movements. This included militia members, tax protesters, state citizens. This led to the American Revolution as it increased patriotism.
America fought against Britain for their independence. Eventually, America would win and form the United States of America. This led to the creation of the US. It also created negative relations between the US and Britain.
First president of America and was one of the founding fathers of America. Initially was a soldier and rose up to presidency. He led America down a successful first 8 years. He also wrote certain documents that influenced future presidents.
Thomas Paine's Common Sense
Document that stated that America wanted to become independent towards Britain. This would lead to the American Revolution as Britain would catch on and attack America. This also made relations between America and Britain even worse.
Declaration of Independence
Document that asserts America's independence. This was written to demonstrate to Britain the true independence of the US. This would lead to broken ties between the US and Britain. It would also lead to the US Independence.
Describes the role of women. The role of women during this time were considered people that helped at home and with children. This idea would lead to more at-home wives. It would also increase maternity.
American Revolution/ effect on French, Haitian, Latin American Revolution
All revolutions lead to change in politics. Many revolutions lead to freedom. These revolutions impacted the world by motivating each other to revolt and better the government.
Articles of Confederation
Served as first constitution. However, it fell due to its inability to enforce much. This led to a desire for stronger constitutions. It also lead to internal US strife between how much power the constitution has.
Meeting in Philadelphia discussing the government of the US. Some participants included Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. This event led to the changes in the US government. It also created a new constitution.
Papers that promote the US Constitution. They were written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. They led to the ratification of the US Constitution.
People that opposed a stronger US government. They also opposed the creation of the US constitution. They led to arguments between Anti-Federalists and Federalists to see who has the better side. It also led to internal US strife as there were conflicting ideas about government.
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments of the Constitution. Gave basic rights to the people of the US. This led to a more free society where people's rights were protected.
He was one of the founding fathers. He was also the 2nd president. He impacted America by being an important leader in Congress.
Party created by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Fought for a limited government. This led to competition between this party and the federalists. This would also lead to the limiting of the government when certain members got to power.
One of the founding fathers and 3rd president. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. He impacted the US by helping it reach independence. He also impacted it by leading it and limiting the government for the people.
One of the founding fathers. He was also the 4th president. He impacted the US by taking part in writing the Constitution, Federalist papers, and Bill of Rights. These would lead to a stronger government and more rights to people.
Created a government in the northwest. Made sure that the states would be equal. This led to the creation of a method to adding new states.
Washington's Farewell Address
Address written by Washington that discouraged international involvement. It also discouraged any long-term alliances. This led to the influence America avoiding any global problems. It also led to the increased fear of interacting with foreign countries.
The supreme court under John Marshall. During this time, the supreme court had the power to judge acts. This led to the Marshall Court having a lot of say in many government decisions.
Political party that believes in equality for all. It also believes that the majority should have power. This led to political party strife. It also influenced the actions of presidents that took part in this party.
Initially, he was a solider. Then, he became the 7th president, who took part in many actions against the indigenous people. He impacted America by forcefully kicking out the indigenous people off their land. This would lead to bad relations with the indigenous people.
Political party that sought for more government control. They wanted a national bank, tariffs, and for the government to help with programs. This party impacted America by influencing presidents to allow the government to support society.
US senator/house representative. He encouraged economics and made agreements on slavery. He influenced many policies and agreements.
The US created railroads and telegraphs. These inventions allowed long communication. This would lead to the ease of communicating with others.
Second Great Awakening
Christian revival that focused on temperance and abolition. They influenced a lot on the government's decision on these topics.
Pursue of a unreal, perfect state. This would lead to a focus on acts that changed for the greater good only.
Movements that fought for the abolition of slavery. This would lead to violence between the government and the movement leaders.
Seneca Falls Convention
Meeting of women that decided on the rights of women. This led to a greater influence to fight for women's rights. It also made a path on what to focus on.
The American System
System where the government set up tariffs, helping build roads/railroads, and created a national bank. This would lead to more support from government, which would lead to more resources for the people.
US bought the Louisiana territory off of France. This would lead to more land to explore and to use for farming. This would also lead to more conflicts with the indigenous people.
Indian Removal Act
Act signed by Andrew Jackson that removed the indigenous people off their land. This would lead to negative relations with the indigenous. It also killed many indigenous people on their way out of their land.
Doctrine that warned Europeans that if they invaded the Americas, America would fight back. This would lead to tension between Europe and America. This tension would also lead to negative relations.
Deal that there would an equal amount of free and slave states. This would lead to a limitation of how states were added as 2 states with different statuses had to be added.
The idea that the US was destined to conquer North America. This would lead to many conflicts against the indigenous and other nations to ensure their expansion.
War fought between Mexico and America for land. This would lead to negative relations. It also led to America's increase in land.
Increased amount of immigration from Ireland and Germany. Many of them became factory workers. This led to a discrimination of the Irish and Germans as employers could easily pay them low wages.
Nativist anti-Catholic movement/Know Nothing Party
Political party against Christianity and immigrants. They impacted US by influencing its followers ideas to be against these groups.
Political party that was against slavery. They believed in free men working on free soil. This impacted the US by influencing its followers decisions.
Land given to the US from Mexico under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. This led to an expansion of America land. This would also lead to conflicts between Americans, Mexicans, and the indigenous.
Compromise of 1850
Abolished slave trade in D.C. It also California was added as a free state with the creation of Utah. This would lead to the beginning of the abolishment of slavery as these were the starting steps.
Allowed Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether or not they were slave states. This would lead to the beginnings of the strife from slavery as it was one of the first events where people could choose their status.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Decided that African Americans had no right to sue as they can't be citizens. It also said that slaves were not free of they moved to free states. This led to an increase in racism as the government is starting to make laws that hurt them.
Political party that was conservative and wanted less government power. This party influenced the decision of its supporters and the president's that supported this.
16th president. He emancipated the slaves. This would lead to an increase in social equality as African Americans have a better chance of success after being freed.
Election of 1860
Election between Lincoln, Douglas, Breckenridge, and Bell. Lincoln won in the end. This would lead to Lincoln's opportunity to free the slaves.
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