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Ch.16 Study Guide
Terms in this set (40)
A rope with knotted cords that served as a calculator
Landed on island of Hispaniola in 1492
Developed a trading empire that flourished between 1200 B.C. and 400 B.C.
Sun-dried mud bricks used to build homes in the desert Southwest
Moved constantly in search of food
Located in the dense forests of Peten
A land bridge connecting Asia and Alaska during the Ice Age
a Spanish soldier who defeated the Inca
a Spanish soldier who defeated the Aztec
a farming culture that thrived from about A.D. 300 to A.D. 1300
The Mayan civilization
mysteriously came to an end by A.D. 900
The Moche people prospered because
They were able to irrigate crops
Why were early people in North America ab;e to build complex cultures
They had learned how to farm
Who were the Mound Builders?
hunter-gatherers who built mounds
The Incan leader Pachacuti
built a huge ancient empire
Where did the Inuit live
present day Alaska
the Iroquois League was formed in order to
stop them from fighting among themselves
how did the Spanish explorers defeat the Aztec
with guns, horses, and an epidemic
Why did Montezuma not attack the invading Spaniards right away?
He thought Cortes was a god
Native Americans who farmed maize
Dome-shaped home made from ice and snow
Soldier-explorers sent to the Americas by Spain
a great Aztec city
Lived in apartment houses carved into cliffs
Dug canals to carry water from the Andes to desert farms
Civilization that came to a mysterious end by the A.D. 900's
land from Valley of Mexico to Costa Rica
Woman who helped Cortes defeat the Aztec
Built the largest empire in the ancient Americas
Onondaga, Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga
What was adobe
sun-dried mud bricks
How do scientists believe people crossed from Asia to North America
using a land bridge
Why did the Maya seek captives in war?
To offer as human sacrifices to gods
How could commoners in Aztec society join the noble class?
How were people able to survive in the dry deserts of the Southwest
Christopher Columbus landed in the Americas in
Who was Hernan Cortes?
The man who conquered the Aztecs
How did Pizarro conquer the Inca Empire?
He tricked Atahuallpa to meet him then sent him to prison and sentenced him to death
Where was the Mayan civilization located
in a dense forest
people who hunted animals and gathered wild plants for food
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