terms part 1 Eoca Review
Terms in this set (27)
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Nature vs. Nurture
name for a controversy in which it is debated whether genetics or environment is responsible for driving behavior
an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it
the study of the naturally occurring relationships among variables
the perception of a relationship where none exists
A research method in which an investigator manipulates one or more factors to observe the effect on some behavior or mental process
an ethical principle that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive information.
neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory receptors to the brain and spinal cord
autonomic nervous system
the part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs (such as the heart). Its sympathetic division arouses; its parasympathetic division calms.
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems
sympathetic nervous system
the division of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body, mobilizing its energy in stressful situations
a simple, automatic response to a sensory stimulus, such as the knee-jerk response
Connects the brain and spinal cord
A doughnut-shaped system of neural structures at the border of the brainstem and cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions such as fear and aggression and drives such as those for food and sex. Includes the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus.
The intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center.
The capacity for the brain to alter its structure and function.
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent stimulus energies from our environment
cocktail party effect
ability to attend to only one voice among many
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation, the transforming of stimulus energies, such as sights, sounds, and smells, into neural impulses our brains can interpret.
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50 percent of the time
the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the images that strike the retina are two-dimensional; allows us to judge distance
Senses of taste
When you get something in our mouths our salivary glands in papillae crate saliva to try and break it down. the saliva will then return to the papillae. The saliva with the food/particles in your mouth enter the tastebuds they will sense a taste due to the chemicals in the food/thing in your mouth. All tastes are a combination of sweet, salty, sour, bitter and umami. The chemicals senses by the tastebud will be sent to the brain through a nerve by an impulse. Sensory nerves-Interneuron nerves-brain-interneuron nerves- motor nerves.
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
according to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream
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