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Terms in this set (39)
How many adult Americans suffer from some type of cardiovascular disease?
CVD kills more than 17 million each year
The human heart is about the size of a(n)
Vessels that carry blood away from the heart are the
Arteries and Pulmonary Arteries
Vessels that carry blood to the heart are the
The small arterial branches are the
Occurs when there is not enough oxygen to supply the heart muscle, resulting in chest pain or pressure.
Mild cases may be treated with rest.
Drugs can dilate veins and provide pain relief.
Calcium channel blockers can relieve cardiac spasms.
Beta-blockers control potential overactivity of the heart muscle.
Which of the following groups has the highest incidence of hypertension?
Signs and symptoms of a heart attack
-chest discomfort or pain that is severe , lasts longer than 3-5 minutes and goes away and comes back even when resting
-discomfort, pain or pressure that is persistent and ranges from a discomfort to an unbearable crushing sensation in the center of the chest and possibly spreading to the shoulder, arm, neck, jaw, stomach, or back and is not relieved by medication or rest
-pain that comes and goes
-pale or ashen skin, especially around the face
-dizziness or light headedness
-nausea or vomiting
-fatigue or light headedness
What are systolic?
Systolic blood pressure is the upper number in the fraction that measures blood pressure, indicating pressure in the walls of the arteries when the heart contracts
What are diastolic?
Diastolic blood pressure indicates pressure in the walls of the arteries during the relaxation phase of heart activity
What happens during a stroke?
blood supply to the brain is interrupted
Disease-causing agents are called
An epidemic is a disease outbreak that affects many people in a community or region at the same time
A pandemic is a global epidemic of a disease
a disease that spreads quickly and kills many people. Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
A rise in body temperature that occurs when invading pathogens secrete toxins is?
Fever or Pyrexia
The placebo effect is an apparent cure or improved state of health brought about by a substance, product, or procedure that has no generally recognized therapeutic value.
What is self-care?
Diagnosing symptoms or conditions that occur frequently but may not require physician visits.
Using over-the-counter (OTC) remedies to treat minor pains, scrapes, stomach upsets, or cold or allergy symptoms
Performing first aid for common, uncomplicated injuries and conditions
Performing monthly breast or testicular self-examinations
Doing periodic checks for blood glucose, cholesterol, or other levels as prescribed by a physician
Learning from reliable self-help books, websites, and videos
Performing meditation and other relaxation techniques
Maintaining a healthful diet, getting adequate rest, and exercising
The legal term for improper or negligent treatment of a patient by a health care provider that results in loss or harm to the patient is
The conventional health care delivered in the United States is known as
Your primary care provider suspects that you may have an unusual infection in your eyes. To whom would he or she refer you
Eye specialist whose practice is limited to prescribing and fitting lenses to correct vision problem
What do physician's assistance do?
Health care practitioner trained to handle most routine care under the supervision of a physician
What are over the counter drugs?
Most commonly used are analgesics; medications for cough, cold, and allergy symptoms; stimulants; sleeping aids; weight-loss aids; laxatives; and antacids. Indiscriminate use and abuse of an OTC drug can occur.
A set fee that an insurance plan requires that patients pay at the time of service (per office visit or
prescription) is the
Before the Affordable Care Act, if you had a history of back problems and needed health insurance, it was unlikely that your new insurance plan would cover any treatment related to your back problems until the policy had been in effect for a period of time. Your back problem was considered a(n
Pre Existing condition
prepayment of a fixed monthly amount for each patient without regard to the type or number of services provided
The health insurance program jointly funded by the states and the federal government that provides coverage for low-income individuals and familie
Countries with the largest per capita "ecological footprint"
Which of the following countries has the largest population?
China(1.4 billion) and India (1.3 billion)
As compared to today, by the year 2050, the world's population is expected to
9.8 or 10 billion
The average number of births a female in a given population has during her reproductive years is the
Fossil fuels are
oil, coal, natural gas
A colorless gas that dissolves in water vapor to form acid and is emitted from coal-fired power plants is
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
Smog is sometimes called
The ozone layer is
The ozone layer protects the planet and its inhabitants from ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation
The compound originally contained in aerosol propellants that is thought to have contributed to the depletion of the ozone layer
Radon and Asbestos
indoor pollutants that increase the risk of cancer
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