Upgrade to remove ads
The Renaissance and Reformation
Terms in this set (42)
List 2 accomplishments of Marco Polo.
Marco Polo was made a government official in China under Kublai Khan, the Mongol emperor.
Marco Polo wrote a book about his travels in China that was popular in Europe.
What was Venice famous for?
Venice was famous for producing glass.
How did the Mongols help increase trade between Europe and Asia?
The Mongols made the Silk Road safe to travel again.
How were Venice and Genoa similar?
Venice and Genoa were similar in that both were important port cities on the Mediterranean Sea. Both became banking and trade centers in the Renaissance.
Which occurred first:
Marco Polo and his family travel from Venice to China.
The Mongol dynasty takes over China and makes the roads safe.
The Mongol dynasty takes over China and makes the roads safe.
How would you describe Cosimo de' Medici?
Cosimo de' Medici was a powerful ruler of Florence who valued education and culture.
How do prices affect trade?
When prices are low, trade increases. When prices are high, trade decreases.
List 3 characteristics of humanism.
Ancient Greek and Roman writings served as inspiration.
Poetry, history and rhetoric (public speaking) were important subjects.
Talented artists and authors were honored.
How did merchant families affect the Renaissance in Italian cities?
These wealthy families were patrons to the arts and education.
What did Dante and Desiderius Erasmus have in common?
Both wrote about problems they observed in their societies.
What field did Machiavelli want to have an effect on?
Machiavelli wanted to have an effect on politics.
How are classical and Renaissance statues alike?
Both classical and Renaissance statues are lifelike and realistic.
What was the most important feature of humanism in northern Europe?
In northern Europe, scholars combined humanist and religious ideas.
What was one result of the translation of the Bible from Latin to local languages (also called vernacular languages)?
Combined with the printing press, more people learned how to read and write.
List 3 words that describe the Renaissance.
3 words that describe it include: rebirth; change; arts; education; technology; trade; Classical thought; humanism; Christian humanism.
What was affected by Petrarch's ideas?
Petrarch's ideas on history affected education for many years.
What is Miguel de Cervantes best known for?
He wrote Don Quixote, which was critical of the Middle Ages.
In Shakespeare's work, when Romeo says, "Juliet is the sun," what does this mean?
He means that a person can be as important as the sun.
The printing press is to the ideas of the Renaissance as the ______________ is to ideas today.
Printing press: ideas of the Renaissance as the Internet/computers: ideas today.
How did women in noble families help spread Renaissance ideas?
Some women married nobles from around Europe and spread the ideas in their husbands' land.
Some educated women gained political power.
Some girls were taught the arts, philosophy, and literature at home by tutors.
Did the Roman Catholic Church grow stronger or weaker during the Renaissance?
During the Renaissance, the church's influence was weakened by new ideas.
How was Desiderius Erasmus different from Martin Luther?
Erasmus did not break openly with the Catholic Church, while Luther did.
What economic idea did John Calvin's teachings help bring about?
He taught that profits were acceptable to Christians, which led to the rise of capitalism.
What were 2 reasons why people supported Martin Luther?
People supported Martin Luther because they were unhappy with church practices: priests and church officials were not spiritual enough; the church was too rich; the pope was too involved in politics and not enough in spiritual matters.
What were 3 ways the Catholic Church tried to prevent the spread of Protestantism?
It banned books written by Protestant leaders.
It sought out and punished Protestants.
It created new religious orders to spread Catholic teachings
What was the most significant change in Spain from the Middle Ages through the Reformation?
Spain exiled or arrested all non-Christians, making their society a Catholic society.
Which three words best describe what took place at the Council of Trent? Hint: two start with the letter d and one with the letter r.
Discussion, debate, and reform all took place at the Council of Trent. This was the start of the Catholic Reformation.
How were St. Ignatius of Loyola and St. Francis Xavier similar?
Both were teachers. They taught people about Catholic ideas.
Why was the Catholic religion strong in Spain?
It was strong because people who were not Catholic were exiled, converted, or killed.
Write a summary statement of the Catholic Reformation (a brief sentence).
The Catholic Church finally adopted much-needed changes.
How did the French king make peace between the Huguenots and Catholics?
The king allowed Protestants to remain in France in certain cities.
If the pope allowed King Henry VIII to have a divorce, what might have been different for England?
England might have remained a Catholic country.
What were three results of the Reformation?
Northern European countries became mostly Protestant.
People began to rule themselves (self-government).
People became more interested in science and in the natural world.
Which effect of the Reformation has had the greatest influence on American society?
People learned the idea that they could govern themselves.
What are Michelangelo's most famous works of art?
His sculpture of David. His painting of the Sistine Chapel with biblical art.
What was Leonardo da Vinci known for?
He was a genius known for: his inventions; his art (Mona Lisa, the Last Supper).
What did Machiavelli teach about rulers?
It is better to be feared than loved.
What is an "indulgence"?
You buy it and it reduces the amount of time someone serves in purgatory.
What did Copernicus do?
Copernicus came up with the heliocentric theory of the solar system: that is, the sun and not the earth is the center of our solar system.
What did Galileo do?
Galileo developed the scientific method: test theories to see if they are facts or not. He also used a telescope to help prove the Copernican theory.
What did Isaac Newton do?
Newton developed the laws of motion, defined the formula for gravity, and created many other mathematical studies (such as calculus).
What are Ferdinand and Isabella best known for?
They completed the Reconquista. Their countries of Aragon and Castile were joined to begin the modern country of Spain. The ordered the conversion or expulsion of all Muslims and Jews from Spain. They sent Christopher Columbus on his voyage of discovery.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
The Renaissance, Chapter 11
Ch. 11 Open note test
HIST 2020 Chapter 24 (evens)
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 19 STUDY GUIDE
CHAPTER 2 RENAISSANCE
Chapter 15 World History
Social Studies 7th Grade Final Test
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Bon Gusto - History of Wine
WH Final Study Guide
Honors World History study guide
11.1 Study Guide (Social Studies)