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SAMPLE EXAM 4
Terms in this set (75)
Which of the types of muscle cells are voluntary?
Skeletal muscle is attached to the bones by
What kind of tissue makes detecting sensory information possible?
Maintaining homeostasis requires energy
What is the maintenance of water and solute levels within the body called?
Which of the following are mandatory steps for maintaining homeostasis?
Regulatory process triggered when monitoring detects departure from normal
An enzyme that breaks food down into monomers
Which of the following is NOT true about the small intestine
Gastric ulcers are caused by
ALl of the above
Too much cofee
These are intracellular organelles filled with digestive enzymes.
Food moves down the esophagus by way of:
Which of the following are substances are received from food we eat?
Both B and C
building materials in the form of nutrients
Which is not a component of the cardiovascular system?
Minerals are organic molecules required in the diet for good health
Which one is a dietary deficiency of one or more of the essential nutrients?
Between systole and diastole, which is the relaxation phase of the heart cycle?
How many chambers does a human heart have?
The human heart is a muscular organ about the size of a fist.
Hypertension is the opposite of which of the following?
Low blood pressure
White blood cells are also known as...?
What is the scientific term for a red blood cell?
When one or more coronary arteries is/are blocked the heart cells will quickly die. When this occurs, it is called a heart attack
What are the components in blood that aid in clotting?
Fibrinogen and platelets
The tubes that lead the right and left sides of the lungs are the
Air is exhaled from the lungs has a lower concentration of oxygen in it.
During inhalation, when the diaphragm contracts and the ribs spread apart, air pressure in the lungs
The bronchus is the respiratory surface of the mammalian lungs
Interferon is released by physically damaged cells and triggers the inflammatory response
All cells have surface signature molecules
The inflammatory response is one of the specific lines of defense for the body
The external barriers are the only nonspecific component for our bodys defenses
Once B cells become plasma/effector cells, they
Release free standing antibodies
T cells are produced in the bone marrow, but then mature in the thymus gland
Cytotoxic cells are
The only T cells that kill other cells
This is acquired by receiving premade antibodies
In which disorder of the immune system would an individuals defenses start attacking their own tissues?
A person with an abnormally high number of white blood cells, which are mostly defective has________?
What does the endocrine system do?
secretes hormones that regulate the body
Lipid-Soluble steroid hormones bind to receptors located in the cytoplasm of the cell because..?
They are hydrophobic and can easily diffuse through a target cell's plasma membrane
is a condition in which there is too much thyroid hormone in the blood
Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone are antagonists and both come from the thyroid gland.
Perform the body's responses to motor output
What are the two hormones produced by the pancreas?
The conversion of glucose to glycogen is mediated by
The adrenal gland in humans is closest to the
What is the name of the gap between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron?
Which of the following is the best example of an effector of the nervous system?
Skeletal muscle cells
A resting neuron contains potential energy caused by the ______ charge inside the neuron and the _____ charge outside of the neuron.
The sympathetic nervous system functions in which of the following responses?
Fight or flight
Which part of the brain is made up of two sections, the hindbrain and the midbrain, and serves as a sensory filter for what reaches the higher processing centers of the forebrain?
The region of the brain where the most complex integration and thought processes occurs is called the
The somatic nervous system functions in which of the following responses?
The outer transport covering over the iris and the pupil of the human eye
Rods are responsible for color vision and cones are responsible for low-light vision
A strong sensory stimulus produces....
More action potentials
Which of the following is part of the appendicular skeleton?
Condition in which bones may become thinner and more porous and is most common in women after menopause?
Muscles work in antagonistic pairs, because
contracted muscle cannot stretch itself back out again
Humans and insects both have an endoskeleton
What tissue covers the surface of your body and lines organs/cavities within your body?
What are the six types of connective tissue?
Loose, adipose, blood, fibrous, bone, and cartilage
What organ of the alimentary connects the mouth to the esophagus?
Which circuit carries blood between the heart and the lungs?
When all of the blood vessels of an organisms circulatory system are continuous and the blood is never found outside of the blood vessels (except for injury) we would say that the circulatory system is....
Gravity is the only force causing blood to return to the heart.
A blood clotting agent also known as a thrombocyte is called a
What type of blood cells fight cancer and infections?
White blood cells
Which is not an example of the innate immune system?
liver producing bile
Antibodies are proteins found in blood plasma and interstitial fluid that attach to one particular kind of antigen and help counter its effects.
The thyroid gland is located directly below the kidneys
The pancreas is an organ of the endocrine system as well as of the digestive system.
The gonads are organs of the endocrine system.
The branched receiving extensions of a nerve cell are called
What part of the brain is made up of two sections, the hindbrain and the midbrain, and serves as a sensory filter for what reaches the higher processing centers of the forebrain?
Most of the blood cells in the body are made in the red bone marrow, not the yellow bone marrow.
Recommended textbook explanations
Fundamentals of Biochemistry: Life at the Molecular Level
Charlotte W. Pratt, Donald Voet, Judith G. Voet
Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Peter V Minorsky, Steven A. Wasserman
Campbell Biology (AP Edition)
Cain, Campbell, Minorsky, Reece, Urry, Wasserman
Modern Biology: Student Edition
Janet L. Hopson, Postlethwait
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