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ROMANTIC MYTH: vocab test #1

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romans
means "romance"; map to love; developed in rome; involves something written/ story/ pursuit
luv
means "love"; feeling! (Plato would say it is remembering who you were in the realm of being- beatific vision)
eros
god of love- warrior who kills...sort of like cupid
St. Augustine of Hippo
Christian Saint (354-430 CE); came up with the ladder of love
the ladder of love
(lol) idea/theory/hypothesis created by st. augustine to explain love in 5 words (sturge, eros, amor, philio, agape)
sturge
bottom level of the lol; greek word; LOVE OF THINGS
eros
2nd level of the lol; SEXUAL LOVE; pro-creation; purpose is to bring new things into the world
amor
3rd level of the lol; DEVOTIONAL LOVE; beyond sex
philio
4th level of the lol; FRIEND LOVE; not sexual at all
agape
the highest level of love on the lol; DIVINE LOVE; not really human; independent of conditions
Jacob Needleman
author of the dialogue packet we read; rhetoric
470-400 bce
golden age of athens
Alcibiades
one of Socrates' students
libido
sexual instinct or drive
persona
egotistic
Plato
dialogue packet- the phaedros. he lived from 429-347 bce
platonic love
idea of the soul mate; doesn't have to be romantic, could be close, non-physical friends
Hermes
brings messages (oracles) back and forth from hades/hell to olympus/heaven
hermeneutics
the art of interpretations
psyche
the greek word for soul
anima
the latin word for soul
soma
the body; flesh; meat; the container our souls live in
carne
the latin word for soma
animate
what the soul does- constantly moving
inanimate
what the body does- it can't move itself, it needs the soul
hestia
the greek goddess of the hearth
myth
narrative with beginning, middle, and end usually involving "the other side" of life (the gods) and addresses universal problems; a form of personification; it is a language
semblances
becoming human; view of reality distorted; forgetting who you are
black horse
body; wants sex; instinct; evil
white horse
wants us to get there; good; virtue; arete; temperence; modesty
realm of being
pure knowledge, universal truth, beauty
ordinance of necessity
the list of occupations
seeker after wisdom
#1 occupation
just ruler
#2 occupation
statesmen or businessmen
#3 occupation
athlete
#4 occupation
prophet or priest
#5 occupation
poet or artist
#6 occupation
farmer
#7 occupation
sophist
#8 occupation; teachers; liars; a person who practices rhetori; the art of intelligent speaking; rhetorical wizardry
3, 3000, carne
___ cycles, ________ years to be free of _____
deification
the roman/ greek belief/process that a person can become (for a time) a god. based on a myth- there are gods and those gods can live in people. for example- when we honor athletes.
literalism
when you only believe in something if you see it; think that myth isn't true
mythological personification
ex.- the burning bush
anthropopatism
using human emotions to personify something
charioteer
conscience, faith, work ethic, motivation, gumption
beautific vision
beauty, harmony, enlightenment, remembering
vocation
(latin-vocae) a call from the gods
daemon
spiritual guide
socrates
(469-399 bce); lower middle class stonecutter; wife/ 3 kids; socratic method
symposium
drinking party in which topics were discussed
apollodorus
heard aristodemos and told plato
aristodemos
witnessed symposium
Agathon
host of symposium; is a playwrite
phaedrus
sophist; makes first speech at symposium
pausanias
politician; makes 2nd speech at the symposium
aristophanes
great poetry; at symposium
eryximachus
docter; at symposium
panegyric
long speech/ praising of someone/something in writing
philosophy
to kiss wisdom
cosmogony
the birth of the universe
theogony
the birth of the gods
12th c france
the beginning of romance as we know it
peridime
universal story theme
beloved
"perfect" person who is loved
lover
loves; wants qualities of the beloved
pederasty
boy love; mental stimulation/ relationships between males
amacita
a soul friend