GRE APP VOCAB BASIC
Terms in this set (277)
to lower in dignity or esteem; insult, humiliate. Jesse mockingly listed all of Nancy's faults in front of their friends, publicly degrading the poor girl.
to recommend; to speak in favor of; support a cause. While Senator Radge privately approved of gay marriage, he was unwilling to advocate for the cause in public.
limitation or restriction. We don't have many resources, so we'll have to work with some very tight constraints.
careful about spending money or using resources; avoiding waste. Journalists favor an economical style of writing, in which no unnecessary words are used and every sentence is as short as possible.
something that brings about a change in something else; cause of a process. Rosa Park's refusal to give up her bus seat acted as a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement, settling into motion historic changes for African-Americans.
(adj.) not easy, requiring hard work; hardworking; demanding. The most laborious job I've had was working 20 hours a day as a fisherman in Alaska.
abnormality; oddity. After Sally found an anomaly in the data, she had to redo the entire experiment.
To explain in greater detail; detailed. After returning from Morocco, Thomas replaced his dirty gray carpet with an elaborate one he'd brought back with him.
(v.) - to distinguish, to make different; identify the differences between. Mozart's long melodies differentiate his compositions from the work of other late 18th century composers.
impossible to disprove; beyond argument; certain. The existence of life on earth is irrefutable; the existence of intelligent life on earth is still hotly debated.
emotional. I don't like romanticism for the same reason I don't like melodramatic acting and soap operas- overly sentimental.
(v.) to hypnotize, entrance; to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch. The plot and the characters were so well developed that many viewers were mesmerized unable to move their eyes from the screen for even a single second.
comparable, similar. In many ways, the internet's transformative effect on society has been analogous to that of the printing press.
sticking together, united. A well-written, cohesive essay will keep on topic at all times, never losing sight of the main argument.
not permitting passage, sealed. The sand bags placed on the river formed an impermeable barrier, protecting the town from flooding.
to make seem less important, put somebody down. A good teacher will never belittle his students, but will instead empower them.
highest point. After hiking for two days, the climbers finally reached the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro.
calm, peaceful, placid. I'd never seen him so serene; usually, he was a knot of stress and anxiety from hours of trading on the stock exchange.
determination, firmness of purpose. After much thought, Ted resolved not to travel abroad this summer because he didn't have much money in his bank account.
highest point. At its pinnacle, the Roman Empire extended across most of the landmass of Eurasia, a feat not paralleled to the rise British Empire in the 18th and 19th century.
unwilling to grant concessions or negotiate; inflexible. Bart and Hilda's relationship ultimately failed because they were both so uncompromising that they couldn't agree on an apartment.
to differentiate; to make a clear distinction; to see the difference. Sarah couldn't discriminate between a good wine and a bad wine, so she avoided wine tastings.
(adj) completing; fitting together well; filling mutual needs; matching. The head waiter was careful to tell the amateur diners that red wine was complementary with beef, each bringing out subtle taste notes in the other.
undeveloped; rudimentary. The board of directors is hoping to launch a new product soon, but planning for the Z7 is in an embryonic stage.
fanatical devotion, feeling of superiority. Vegetarians argue that man is chauvinistic in his belief that animals do not consciously feel the pain we humans do.
independent. Many of the factory workers are worried about being replaced by machines and computers that will work completely autonomously.
unbiased; neutral. The judge was not impartial since he had been bribed by the witness's family.
sticking together, united. A well-written, cohesive essay will keep on topic at all times, never losing sight of the main argument.
boaster, braggart, narcissist. An egotist, Natasha had few friends because of her inability to talk about anything except her dream of becoming the next american idol.
To remove offensive material from. Every fall, high school English teachers are inundated by request to censor their curriculum by removing The Catcher in the Rye from their reading lists.
acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner, weary. Nothing can make a person more lethargic than a big turkey dinner.
insignificant; really small. The GRE test cumulative knowledge, so if you cram the night before it is, at best, likely to only have a negligible impact on your score.
sturdy, strong. Chris preferred bland and mild beers, but Bhavin preferred a beer with more robust flavor.
(adj.) sad, gloomy, unhappy; (n.) sadness, gloomminess. Hamlet is a figure of tremendous melancholy: he doesn't have a truly cheerful scene throughout the entire play.
hard-working and careful. Michael was a diligent gardener, never leaving a leaf on the ground and regularly watering each plant.
to get, originate in. Many words in the English language are derived from Latin, including the word derive.
become definite. only after fifteen minutes of brainstorming did Samantha's ideas for the essay crystallize.
capable of being shaped, moldable. The clay became malleable and easy to work with after a little water was added.
feeling a loss of spirit or morale or confidence. After the visiting team scored nine times, the home team's fans were disheartened, some leaving the game early.
ordinary, commonplace, routine. Nancy found doing dishes a thoroughly mundane task, although Peter found a kind of Zen pleasure in the chore.
the highest point, summit. The Ivy league is considered the apex of the secondary education system.
fixed salary, regular allowance. He was hoping for a monthly allowance loan from the government, but after no such stipend was forthcoming he realized he would have to seek other means of paying for his college tuition.
to limit or restrict (a statement). Chris qualified his love for San Fran, adding that he didnt like the weather there as much as he liked the weather in LA.
something out of place in time, belonging to another time. Dressed in 15th century clothing each day, Edward was a walking anachronism.
To divide up, especially responsibilities, assign. Since the senior manager had to go on many international business trips, she was forced to delegate many of her responsibilities to two lower-level managers.
to infer or estimate by extending or projecting known information, estimate or conclude. By extrapolating form the data on the past three months, we can predict a 5%increase in traffic to our website.
model of perfection, best of its kind. Even with the rise of Kobe, many still believe that Michael Jordan is the paragon for basketball players.
friendly. Amy's name was very apt: she was so amiable that she was twice voted class president.
disgrace. Pete Rose was one of the best baseball players of his generation, but his involvement with gambling on baseball games has tarnished his image in he eyes of many.
excessive boldness, rashness, daring. She surprised her colleagues by having the audacity to publicly criticize the findings of an distinguished scientist.
never done before. When America first created its national parks, the idea of setting aside the most beautiful land in a country was unprecedented in the history of mankind.
to wipe out; to destroy. I tried eradicating the mosquito's in my apartment with a rolled up newspaper, but there were too many of them.
feeling another's pain as one's own, relating to feelings of others.
take back (a statement) Email is wonderfully efficient, but once something awkward or damaging has been sent, there is no way to retract it.
merry, jolly. The presidential candidate and her supporters were jovial once it was clear that she had won.
easy to understand, clear, rational. Though Walters writes about physics and time travel, his writing is always lucid, so readers with little scientific training can understand difficult concepts.
get rid of. The most difficult part of the fast was banishing thoughts of food.
antiquated, old, out of use. Hoping to sound intelligent, Mary spoke in archaic English that was right out of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice- needless to say, she didn't have many friends.
Quality of being different. The cynic quipped, "There is not much variance in politicians; they all seem to lie".
I made a mistake; I misattributed Crime and Punishment to Leo Tolstoy when it was actually written by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
to decorate, to make beautiful with ornamentation, to add details too. McCartney would write relatively straightforward lyrics, and Lennon would embellish them with puns and poetic images.
very rapid or sudden. The early spectacular successes propelled the pitcher to meteoric stardom, but a terrible injury tragically cut short his career.
a lack of interest or concern, apathy. In an effort to fight indifference, the president of the college introduced a new, stricter grading system
Hardworking; not lazy. Pete was an industrious student, completing every assignment thoroughly and on time.
flawless, perfect. He was impeccably dressed in the latest fashion without a single crease or stain.
discouraged, dejected, downcast, disappointed. I asked Maria on a date and she refused without a moment's thought; I was crestfallen.
significant and revealing of another factor. Her unbecoming dress was very telling when it came to her sense of fashion.
extremely large, humongous. Few appreciate the colossal scale of the sun: if hollow, it could contain a million Earths.
crafty; wily; sly; clever and deceptive. Bernie Madoff's artful Ponzi scheme stole billions of dollars from investors and is considered the largest financial fraud in U.S. history.
worthy of praise. The efforts of the firefighters running into the burning building were commendable.
to interpret wrongly, mistake the meaning of, misinterpret. The politician never trusted journalists because he thought they would misconstrue his words and misrepresent his positions.
to restrain or block, hold back from doing. Deserted for six months, the property began to look more like a jungle and less like a residence with no one around to check the growth of weeks in the front yard.
worldly; sophisticated; global. There are few cities in the world as diverse and cosmopolitan as New York.
unyielding; firm in opinion. Civil rights icon Rosa Parks will forever be remembered for adamantly refusing to give up her seat on a public bus- even after the bus driver insisted, she remained rooted in place.
not permanent, short-lasting. If we lived forever and life was not transitory, do you think we would appreciate life less or more?
refrain, hold back from doing. Considered a health nut, Jessica abstained from anything containing sugar, even chocolate.
random; capricious. One of the arbitrary decrees in place during the emperor's rule is that all citizens pay him weekly homage at his palace.
(adj.) frank, sincere; impartial; unposed; straightforward. Although I was unhappy that the relationship ended, I appreciated Frank's candidness about why he was ready to move on from our relationship.
fair, just, embodying principles of justice. The equitable distribution of ice cream to a group of 5 year olds will ensure little to no fighting- at least until the ice cream is gone.
to make a mistake. He Erred in thinking that indigent and indignant were synonyms.
(v.) to turn aside, turn away; to prevent, avoid. The struggling video game company put all of its finances into one final, desperate project to avert bankruptcy.
showing tact, respect, and restraint in speech or behavior, also careful. The professor thought he was discreet, subtly wiping the stain off of his shirt, but as soon as he stepped off the podium a member of the audience pointed out the large ketchup stain.
unclear; having more than one meaning. The coach told his team, "Move towards that side of the field"; because he did not point, his directions were ambiguous, and the team had no idea to which side he was referring.
support, prop up. The case for the suspect's innocence was bolstered considerably by the fact that neither fingerprints nor DNA were found at the scene.
speech particular to a group. To those with little training in medicine, the jargon of doctors can be very difficult to understand.
fresh and clean; uncorrupted; spotless
A feeling of great happiness or well-being, extreme joy.
absolute in power or authority, tyrannical
an example or model, especially an ideal one
marked by honor, courteous, and courage
to defend or support, speak in favor of
indirect; slanting, Herbert never explicitly revealed anything negative about Tom's past, but at times he would obliquely suggest that Tom was not as innocent as he seemed.
to serve as a good example
odd, peculiar, strange. Mozart was well-known for his eccentricities, often speaking words backward to confuse those around him
something that appears false or contradictory but is actually correct
to think over deeply, consider carefully.
to win, triumph over.
(v.) to make calm, soothe; to relieve, satisfy; to yield to. Make less angry
useless, pointless. I thought I could repair the car myself, but after two days of work with no success, I have to admit that my efforts were futile.
a confusing and difficult problem or question.
(adj.) small, smaller than most others of the same type. He prefers to be called a diminutive of his name: Bill instead of John Williams.
spending wisely, thrifty.
excessive, unreasonably high
something that comes from another source, unoriginal. Because the movies were utterly derivative of other popular movies, they did well at the box office.
Completely honest, straightforward.
Incomprehensible; unable to speak with clarity
a hint, indirect suggestion. At first the hostess tried intimation, praising the benefits of cutlery; when Cecil continued eating with his hands, the hostess told him to use a fork at dinner.
intricate and complicated
to connect with; involve, convey meaning. By saying that some of the guests were uncomfortable, the manager implicated to the hotel staff that it needed to be more diligent.
easy to understand
wise with money
agreeable to the taste, acceptable.
disperse or scatter, squander. The recent graduates dissipated their earnings on trips to Las Vegas and cruises in Mexico.
in love with; charmed by
(v.) to mislead by a trick, deceive
too hasty, reckless
tending to avoid commitment or self-revelation, especially by responding only indirectly. His responses were clearly evasive; he obviously did not want to take on any responsibility or any new work.
Impossible to bear; intolerable
attacking cherished traditions, defying traditions. Jackson Pollack was an iconoclastic artist, totally breaking with tradition by splashing paint on a blank canvas.
relating to beauty.
appearing or happening at irregular intervals in time
to make larger, increase
no longer used or useful; very old
hinder; obstruct; slow down
Unable to be affected or hurt by
be a sign of; indicate
cool and confident, appearing unconcerned
the belief that accurate knowledge can be acquired through observation; action based on practice. . Empiricism does not always lead to knowledge; an experience or experiment may raise more questions than answers.
concern for others
warlike; relating to the military. Americans tend to remember Abraham Lincoln as kind and wise, not at all martial, despite the fact that he was involved in the fiercest war America has ever fought.
not able to work, survive, or succeed (also spelled inviable)
occurring at irregular intervals; not continuous or steady; occurring on and off
determine the number or amount of
very bad, terrible
(adj.) not regular or consistent; different from what is ordinarily expected; undependable
hater of women
to move suddenly or involuntarily
a lack of feeling, emotion, or interest
not able to be changed
temporary, fleeting, short-lasting. The unpredictable and transient nature of deja vu makes it a very difficult phenomenon to study properly.
lacking sharpness of intellect; not clear or precise in thought or expression, slow to learn. Jackson was the most obtuse member of the team: the manager's subtle ironies were always lost to him.
mollify, appease, make less angry
insincere, not genuine, pretending to be honest.
clumsy, hard to handle, difficult to carry
proper behavior/conduct. You will obey the rules of decorum for this courtroom or spend the night in a jail cell, said the judge to the prosecutor.
to confirm, make more certain, support with evidence.
about to happen
cause a severe loss in the dignity of and respect for someone or something, insult
to deceive, to trick, swindle
shorten, cut off
marked by simplicity and lack of luxury, unconcerned with comfort
(v.) to drink; to take in, absorb (ideas). Plato imbibed Socrates' teachings to such an extent that he was about to write volumes of work that he directly attributed, sometimes word for word, to Socrates.
keep, or assert
humorous, jesting, jolly, joking
to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead, speak vaguely. After Sharon brought the car home an hour after her curfew, she equivocated when her parents pointedly asked her where she had been.
lasting for a long time, everlasting. Even at the old-timers games, Stan Musial would get the loudest cheer: he was a perennial favorite of the fans there.
one who saves greedily, one who is cheap
pester, nag, annoy
lightly acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable, driven by impulse
(adj.) actual, true, real, without a doubt
(adj.) by chance; not planned; lacking order, unorganized, random. Many golf courses are designed with great care, but the greens on the county golf course seem entirely haphazard.
domineering; oppressively overbearing, extremely bossy
to disturb greatly, make uneasy
very sad or dreary. No event is more doleful than the passing of my mother; she was a shining star in my life, and it brings me great sadness to think that she is now gone.
unable to be attacked, questioned, or defeated
quiet, soft. Helen preferred muted earth colors, such as green and brown, to the bright pinks and red her sister liked.
lacking good taste; improper, impolite. Eating with elbows on the table is considered indecorous in refined circles.
harmless, gentle. I remember my grandfather's face was wrinkled,m benign, and calm.
something that is trite, obvious, or predictable; a commonplace, cliche. Herbert regarded the minister's remark as a mere banality until Sharon pointed out profound implications to the seemingly obvious words.
easy to teach or manage, obedient
impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light, or tough to understand. The meaning of the professor's new research was opaque to most people, so no one asked any questions.
the essential or central part
a blindly devoted patriot, elitist. The chauvinist lives on both sides of the political spectrum, outright shunning anybody whose ideas are not consistent with his own.
wealthy and privileged
hard to do, requiring great effort
too forward or bold; overstepping proper bounds, overly forward
without moral principles. She was not so base as to begrudge the beggar the unwanted crumbs from her dinner plate.
make more intense.
uncooperative, not willing to give up information
call forth, bring out, evoke
bubbly, lively. After the sales result, the manager was in an effervescent mood, letting several employees leave work early that day.
a mixture of different things
well-informed; sharp; experienced
abnormal or deviant.
lament, complain about
conditional, temporary, not final
carefree and self-confident in manner; elegant and gracious, sophisticated and charming
with great care and persistence. The top college football program recruit new talent assiduously, only choosing those who were the top in their county.
ready to do favors; helpful; courteous
absolute; certain, having clear meaning
impartial; calm, free from emotion, objective
deeply respectful. The professor could speak dispassionately about the other composers, but he always lectured about Brahms with a particularly reverent air, unable to offer a single criticism of his compositions.
an abundance, abundant supply. The International Food Expo was a cornucopia of culinary delights; gourmet foods from every continent were under one roof.
innocence, the quality of innocent naive. I, personally, found the artlessness of her speech charming.
to pursue relentlessly
not thrifty, failing to plan ahead, not careful. Mary was improvident, never putting money aside for the future but spending it on decorating the interior of his home.
a violent change/upheaval. The introduction of smallpox was a cataclysm for Native Americans, killing off more than half of their population.
cure-all, remedy for all.
to reduce in force, to weaken, to taper off. Her animosity towards Bob attenuated over the years, and she even went so far as to invite him to her party.
not capable of being copied or imitated, without equal. Mozart's music follows a clear pattern that, anyone could imitate, but his music gives an overall sense of effortlessness that is inimitable.
give up (power, territory, or control)
disloyal, reveal (willingly or unwillingly)
disprove, prove incorrect.
The state of being first or most important
fail to be grasped
to reestablish friendship, to resolve a dispute, make compatible
hard to pin down
hater of people
to blend; to merge, fuse
unconnected; separate; distinct
Feeling hatred; scornful. Always on the forefront of fashion, Vanessa looked contemptuously at anyone wearing dated clothing.
basic; elementary; in the earliest stages of development
a concise statement of a truth or principle, a short saying
exact, careful, using extreme care
admirable, deserving respect; possible to estimate
lacking seriousness, not showing respect
tendency to believe things too quickly or easily, tendency to believe. Virginia's wide-eyed credulity as a five-year old was replaced by suspicion after she learned that Santa Clause didn't exist.
cruel and bitter criticism, abusive language
to give; to supply; to confer upon; give opportunity for. The summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro affords a panoramic view that encompasses both Tanzania and Kenya.
to supersede; appropiate for oneself, to take the place of
(adj.) frank, direct, straightforward, honest in speaking
(v.) to become weak, feeble, or dull; to droop; to be depressed or dispirited; to suffer neglect
worth of praise, but good not great
of foremost importance, most important