Cultural Anthropology Chapter 12: Politics and Power

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Originally viewed as a culturally distinct multi-band population that imagined itself as one people descended from a common ancestor. Currently used to describe an indigenous group with its own set of loyalties and leaders living to some extent outside the control of a centralized authoritative state
How is power maintained in a society? Give examples of authority that is maintained through force as well as authority maintained through coercion or informed consent.Through authority or force. For example authority has the ability to cause others to act a certain way based on characteristics such as honor, statues, knowledge, ability, and respect. Force can be maintained through violence or the threat of violence.What is political ideology?Determines what we see as legitimate and illegitimate uses of power and authority. Some examples are liberalism and socialism. Liberalism focuses on individualism, self-reliance, personal responsibility, equality before the law and limited government. Socialism believe that individuals should be equal before the law, but that not all people can develop independently of each other and instead individual development is a collective or social effort.If nations are imagined communities, what are some of the mechanisms used to help create a sense of unified national identity????What is cultural citizenship and how is it demonstrated?Cultural citizenship is the right to participate in creating official versions of history, language, culture, or politics. It is demonstrated by being able to insert the diverse cultural history of the specifications within the general history and national memory, or by representing the own culture within the cultural compound by other equal identities and specifications.James Ferguson's article describes the unintended side effects of development projects in Lesotho, in Southern Africa. Explain how development agencies misunderstood the cultural relevance of cattle in Basotho society.Development agencies misunderstood the cultural relevance of cattle in Basotho society by categorizing them as an industry in themselves. Instead, cattle are actually a form of retirement insurance and savings for people involved in wage labor.