Meiosis and Mitosis
Describes many facts about what meiosis and mitosis are
Terms in this set (41)
What kind of cells are produced in meiosis?
Gametes/sex cells/Sperm and Egg/Haploids
Where does meiosis occur?
Sex cells/ Egg and Sperm/ Ovaries and Testes
Where does mitosis occur?
What is the main function of the process of mitosis?
Growth and Repair
How many daughter cells are produced during mitosis?
How many daughter cells are produced during meiosis?
A haploid chromosome number is produced in daughter cells of what process?
What kinds of cells are produced in mitosis?
Diploid/ Body cells/ Somatic
What is the chromosome number of the parent cell during mitosis?
Forty six (diploid #)/ 2n=46
What is the chromosome number of the parent cell during meiosis?
(diploid #)/ 2n=46
What is the main function of the process of meiosis?
To make gametes for sexual reproduction
How many cell divisions occur in mitosis?
How many cell divisions occur in meiosis?
Where does meiosis occur in men?
Where does meiosis occur in women?
Number of cells produced in men during meiosis?
Number of cells produced in women during meiosis?
Chromosome number of parent cell in men during meiosis?
Chromosome number of parent cell in women during meiosis?
Chromosome # of daughter cell in men during meiosis?
Chromosome # of daughter cell in women during meiosis?
Most cells in the human body create how many pairs of chromosomes?
Those 23 pairs of chromosomes total to how many chromosomes?
Cells in which the chromosomes occur in pairs are called what?
What is the process in which gametes are formed?
How many chromosomes are present in a human gamete cell?
What are gametes known as?
Why must gametes have the haploid # of chromosomes?
They join to form diploid zygote. They combine during sexual reproduction and then they get the full number of chromosomes when finished.
What would happen to the human chromosome # if meiosis never took place in sex cells?
The chromosome # would double every generation.
A parent cell has 96 chromosomes. How many chromosomes would be present in gametes?
A parent cell has 96 chromosomes. How many would be present in daughter cells of mitosis?
A parent cell has 96 chromosomes. How many would be present in daughter cells of meiosis?
A parent cell has 96 chromosomes. How many chromosomes would be present in a zygote?
A parent cell has 96 chromosomes. How many chromosomes would be present in body cells?
What is crossing over?
When chromosomes touch and swap DNA in Prophase 1 of mitosis.
How does crossing over and sexual reproduction lead to increased genetic diversity in offspring?
More possible combinations of DNA
What phase does independent assortment happen in?
What is independent assortment?
The tetrads separate randomly
Does it increase or decrease genetic variation?
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