ch 5 holy orders test (duppel)
Terms in this set (53)
What do we mean when we speak of Christ as the High Priest?
Christ is the ultimate High Priest , with a "priesthood that does not pass away". He was both the Sacrificial Lamb of God as well as the priest who offered the sacrifice.
Describe how the Old Testament concept of priesthood relates to the priesthood of Christ.
A prefiguring of the ordained ministry that jesus christ himself established
What was Christ's purpose in calling the twelve apostles?
Jesus invested so much time and energy into the formation of the twelve apostles because they were the ones whom he had chosen to continue his ministry after his return to the Father.
How is the calling of the Apostles still relevant to the Church today?
They share the priesthood of christ and they are both guided by the Holy Spirit
What do we mean when we say that the bishops are called to teach, govern, and sanctify?
The bishops are called in many ways to govern the church, examples are ensuring that the church is using its material resources wisely, and they also need to oversee and organize catholic institution, such as universities and charitable organizations. // Sanctify by sharing the sacraments
What is the function of the Magisterium?
The function of the Magisterium is to be the Church's living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in the community with the Pope, the Bishop of Rome.
What is Apostolic Succession?
The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops.
What do we mean when we say the bishop is endowed with the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders?
We mean that Bishops receive a special outpouring of the Holy Spirit during their ordination which endows them with the fullness of the Sacrament.
Explain the symbolism behind the ring a bishop wears
signifies the bishop's symbolic marriage to the church or Christ
Why are priests called the co workers of the bishop?
Priests assist the Bishops in the fulfillment of the mission Jesus Christ entrusted to the Apostles.
What are some of the differences between a diocesan priest and a religious order priest?
A diocesan is ordained for a diocese and serve where the bishop places them; religious priests are part of a religious order or community and follow the rules of that community under the leadership of a religious superior.
Briefly describe the central elements of the vocation of a deacon
Can baptize, share the eucharist
Is the permanent diaconate a new development in the Church? Explain your response
No, there has always been deacons
worshiped many gods
god of abraham
ever living, all giving, all powerful
Melchizedek- offering of bread and wine
Aaron (Moses' Brother) and tribe of Levi
priests for the nation of Israel
King Solomon, son of King David
960 BC - built a temple to worship God
Because they were chosen by God the nation of Israel was called to be priestly people
This priesthood honored God with sacrifice and prayer and united people in worship, but could not bring salvation .... Only _____ sacrifice could do that!!!!!!!!
priesthood of Christ
Christ is the perfect priest
Jesus' mission was one of reconciliation between man and God....it was accomplished by his death on the cross
During his time on earth his words and actions revealed God's love for us
In his rising he showed us that he would not leave us alone: Holy Spirit, and work of the disciples
Christ the High Priest today
The priesthood of the Old Testament prefigured the priesthood of Christ
The writers of the New Testament always understood Jesus to be the ultimate high priest because they understood that only a mediator who could bother share our human condition and overcome death could redeem the world
Successors to Jesus Mission because they were entrusted w the Holy Spirit
The succession continues in our priests, bishops and pope
Handed down from Jesus- to apostles - to bishops
, and to
Preach the Gospel and explain scripture and be an example of faith in their lives
official teaching office of the Church
Make sure the church is living up to Christ's expectations
Making policies and overseeing resources
Means: to make holy
Assist people to become holy through celebration of sacrament
The Three Degrees of Holy Orders
Deacons, Priests, Bishops
Role of the Deacon
is called to serve as Jesus served
has a special call to minister to the poor
Deacons today are
Assisting at the Eucharist (especially reading the Gospel, preaching the homily, and distributing Holy Communion)
Visiting the sick and elderly and poor
Baptizing infants and witnessing marriages
Helping with religious education programs
Those who are ordained a deacon in preparation for becoming a priest.
Those who are ordained to serve permanently as a deacon. A deacon may be married but can not remarry should his wife die.
the Role of the Presbyter or Priest
Is an important coworker with the bishop in the mission of teaching, sanctifying, and governing
Fulfills his ministry primarily through the celebration of the Sacraments, especially the Eucharist
Priests today are
The celebration of the Sacraments, especially the Sunday Eucharist
Sharing in the bishop's apostolic ministry in parishes, schools, and other works of the diocese
Priests doing apostolic ministry together under the authority of a bishop together form this
Why can't women be priests?
First attest to Jesus' resurrection and were counted on to proclaim the resurrection
The church responds that the gift of a vocation to the priesthood for men can be compared to the vocation to motherhood for women.
Reasons why women can't be priest
1.Jesus himself only picked men to be Apostles
2. Apostles only picked men to be among their number
3. Mary herself was not afforded the role of priest
4. Women have motherhood, men have ordination
5. Women have been afforded other roles in the church
Religious Order Priests
Religious order priests are dedicated to a particular type of service within the Church, such as education, mission work, prayer, and study or witnesses dedicated to Jesus through a simple lifestyle
Religious order priests take vows and promise obedience to a religious superior rather than directly to a bishop
Called to the Ordained Life
Importance of serving others
Living our baptismal call
Common Priesthood: Share in the priesthood of Christ, to give of ourselves to god and others
The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops. It is accomplished through the laying on of hands when a bishop is ordained in the Sacrament of Holy Orders as instituted by Christ. The office of bishop is permanent, because at ordination a bishop is marked with an indelible, sacred character.
The chief shepherd of an archdiocese, who bears indirect responsibility for the smaller neighboring dioceses within his metropolitan (i.e., provincial) territory.
Reparation for wrongdoing or sin and reconciliation with God, accomplished for humankind with Christ's sacrifice.
Assists a diocesan bishop in his responsibilities.
A member of the college, or assembly, responsible for electing new popes. Cardinals are appointed by the Pope.
College of Bishops
The assembly of bishops, headed by the Pope, that holds the teaching authority and responsibility in the Church.
A ceremonial shepherd's staff that represents the bishop's call to care for the flock of Christ.
One who is ordained for service and ministry, but not for ministerial priesthood, through the Sacrament of Holy Orders. Deacons are ordained assist priests and bishops in a variety of liturgical and charitable ministries.
The vocation and the ministry of a deacon.
Also known as a "particular" or "local" Church, the regional community of believers, who commonly gather in parishes, under the leadership of a bishop. At times, a diocese is determined not on the basis of geography, but on the basis of language or rite.
The chief shepherd of a diocese.
The position or office of a bishop.
Placed under the authority of a particular bishop or the superior of a religious community.
Liturgy of the Hours
Also known as the Divine Office, the official, public, daily prayer of the Catholic Church. The Divine Office provides standard prayers, Scripture prayers, and reflections at regular hours throughout the day.