30 years old, citizen for 9 years, resident for the state you represent
qualifications of Senators
25 years old, citizen for 7 years, lives in state that they represent
qualifications of Representatives
impeachment procedures, more specialized, revenue bills start here,
special powers the house has
the jury in an impeachment case,Vice President must vote to break a tie, approves all treaties, all judicial nominees and the presidents cabinet
special powers the Senate has
senators term length
representatives term length
how many representatives does indiana have?
Major party member, inline for presidency after the vice president, reelected at the beginning of each new congress, leader of the house of representatives
duties of speaker of the house
this person tries to get members to vote along with the party
Speaker, majority/minority leaders
what is the party leadership order (from highest official to lowest)
President of the Senate
vice president of the us, tie breaker in the senate
committees are the driving force behind the law-making process and speeds up the process. the majority party controls the committees
what are the purposes of committees
using government funds to please voters & win votes. projects are roads, bridges, post offices, ect.
gets to say how long the bill can be debated, have the power to kill the bill, when their committee meets
special powers of chair of committees
halting a bill by long speechs or endless debates aka just keep talking for a reaaaaally long time so eventually everyone will leave and vote at a later time
groups of members of Congress who share interests who often vote together
needing 60 votes to stop a filibuster
process of giving out seats to each state based on the state's population
happens after a census, the state divided into districts so that each district has the same population
a permanent committee that meets regularly
a committee made up of members of both the house and the senate
a committee that consists of three members from the house and senate, which is appointed to resolve differences in a bill
it gets killed
what usually happens to bill?
a committee appointed to perform a special function
white, male, college educated, independently wealthy, married, Christian
characteristics of typical members of Congress
a government officer who is currently holding the position
what official power did the Constitution give Congress
the power or right to reject a proposed bill
when the president doesn't sign a bill and leaves it alone until its too late or the the legislative session is over
when congress reviews the actions of the executive branch
Party Loyalty, Constituents, colleagues, Interest Groups/Lobbyists/PACs, Staff and Support Agencies and sometimes Personal Beliefs
what are the major factors that influences how members of Congress make decisions?
usually belong to one or two committees, strict rules
committees in the house
are a part of 3 to four committees, less rules
committees in the senate
begins the impeachment process with an investigation, followed by an indictment
impeachment duties in the house
acts as the jury, has the trial and decides to convict or acquit
impeachment duties in the senate
political party having the most seats
declare war, approve treaties
congress duties for foreign policy
wage war, negotiate treaties
president's duties for foreign policy
it stopped the president from waging war without formal declaration or permission of congress
what did the war powers act of 1973 do?
now the president must get congressional approval to commit troops, the president must notify congress within 48 hours of any foreign troop deployment, if the president does not formally declare war then the troops must be withdrawn within 60 days
what were the results of the war powers act of 1973?
senate must confirm cabinet members and federal judges
What role does the Senate play in presidential appointments?
allocates its budget and approves the appointment of judges
How does Congress exercise power over the Judicial Branch?