Paper 2 Prep
Terms in this set (7)
Role of Peers and Play
Damon and Killen (1982) compared rates of development in moral development in children engaging in discussion with peers and adults
Roff (1963) Peer adjustment in military shows how being a child in military affected their development as adults.
Kolb and Fantie (1989) structure-function relationship in the development of linguistic features showed that development of language depends on frontal lobe (used different tests)
Werker et al (1981) Hindi ability to distinguish words discrimination in infants showed that infants were able to distinguish phonemes in Hindi but english infants could not
Gender identity and social roles
Slaby and Frey (1975) support for kholbergs cognitive development theory of gender (gender: labelling stability and constancy theory says The basic principle of the theory is that a child's understanding of gender develops with age.) showed that children with high level consistency focused more on same sex role models.
Martin (1989) the influence of gender labelling on information processing showed that younger children base their decision of toys on target sex and older children use info about the child's interest.
Development of Empathy and Theory of Mind
Meltzoff (1995) representation of intentions of human children showed that children can accurately accomplish the acts of imitation. (button pushing)
Baron-Cohen et al(1985) understanding of false belief in children showed that human children can understand false belief around 4 or 5 and autistic children never understand false belief. crayon situation
Childhood trauma and resilience
Betancourt et al (2013) resilience in war affected youth in sierra leone showed that even after traumatic experiences it is possible for children to develop from trauma but these children need social support to develop correctly.
Costello et al (2003) aimed to investigate the effects of changing poverty status in social development of children and showed that family income has an effect on social development.
Vygotskys Sociocultural Theory (1978) showed that learning is one stop ahead of development and focus on the ZPD.
Leontyev (1931) aimed to show that higher cognition comes through cultural tools and showed that tools do help when kids mature and when they are pre school age nothing helps.
Piaget and Inhelder (1956) aimed to show that cognitive egocentrism is a function and 4 yo have it and 7 yo do not it proved that cognitive egocentrism is overcome in 7-8 by the mountain perspective issue.
John Harlow (1958) Cloth/Wire monkey showed that the monkeys cared more about love and affection than nutrients.
Mary Ainsworth (1970) Strange Situation Mother/stranger (insecure avoidant, ambivalent and secure)